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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access April 30, 2014

Flow cytometry analysis of coxsackievirus B receptors expression in human CaCo-2 cells

  • Samira Riabi EMAIL logo , Rafik Harrath , Imed Gaâloul , Hind Hamzeh-Cognasse , Olivier Délezay , Mahjoub Aouni and Bruno Pozzetto
From the journal Open Life Sciences


A subset of coxsackieviruses B (CV-B) is able to initiate intestinal infection via the attachment to two cell surface proteins, decayaccelerating factor (DAF) and coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR). The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression pattern of these receptors in the polarized CaCo-2 cell line using flow cytometry. The expression of CAR-specific mRNA and proteins was analyzed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. Flow cytometry analysis was used to study the surface expression patterns of CAR and DAF. CAR and DAF were well detected at the surface of CaCo-2 cells by flow cytometry. Despite the fact that CAR was susceptible to the action of trypsin, a few amounts of the latter enzyme and a precise dilution did not impair its correct detection by flow cytometry. This technique was used to demonstrate that the density of cells did not influence the expression of CAR at the cell surface. CaCo-2 cells express high levels of CAR and DAF at their surface. Flow cytometry, if used adequately, represents a helpful tool for the study of the interactions between these cells and various viral targets.

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Published Online: 2014-4-30
Published in Print: 2014-7-1

© 2014 Versita Warsaw

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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