Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter June 1, 2011

A new species of Prosorhynchoides (Trematoda, Bucephalidae) from the intertidal rocky zone of central Chile

  • Gabriela Muñoz EMAIL logo and Nathan Bott
From the journal Acta Parasitologica


A new bucephalid species, Prosorhynchoides carvajali sp. nov. is described. This parasite was found in three marine fish, Auchenionchus microcirrhis (type-host), A. variolosus and Sicyases sanguineus (other-hosts), collected from the intertidal rocky zones of central Chile. P. carvajali sp. nov. is characterized by a pharynx in a post-equatorial position, a large cirrus sac length (half of the total worm length) and rounded caecum extending dorsally and anteriorly from pharynx. Although Prosorhynchoides carvajali sp. nov. closely resembles P. labiata; the latter has an elongated, narrow and inverted-U-shape caecum, contrasting to P. carvajali sp. nov. which has a larger rounded caecum, directed anteriorly. To our knowledge this is the first known report of Prosorhynchoides on the South American Pacific coast.

[1] Agarwal R.K., Agarwal S.M. 1986. Studies on family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907. Revista di Parassitologia, 3, 53–58. Search in Google Scholar

[2] Bartoli P., Bray R.A., Gibson D.I. 2005. Three poorly known and rarely reported bucephalid species (Digenea) in fishes from the Western Mediterranean. Systematic Parasitology, 62, 135–149. DOI 10.1007/s11230-005-5489-4. in Google Scholar PubMed

[3] Bhalerao G.D. 1937. Studies on the helminths of India. Trematoda IV. Journal of Helminthology, 15, 97–124. DOI: 10.1017/S0022149X00030753. in Google Scholar

[4] Bott N.J., Cribb T.H. 2005. Prosorhynchoides lamprelli n. sp. (Digenea: Bucephalidae) from the brassy trevally, Caranx papuensis (Teleostei: Carangidae), from off Lizard Island on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Zootaxa, 1059, 33–38. DOI: DO00001374. Search in Google Scholar

[5] Bush A.O., Lafferty K.D., Lotz J.M., Shostak A.W. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83, 575–583. DOI: 10.2307/3284227. in Google Scholar

[6] Chauhan B.S. 1953. Studies on the trematode fauna of India. Part III. Subclass Digenea (Gasterostomata). Records of the Indian Museum, 51, 231–287. Search in Google Scholar

[7] Filatov D.A. 2002. Proseq: a software for preparation and evolutionary analysis of DNA sequence data sets. Molecular Ecology Notes, 2, 621–624. in Google Scholar

[8] Garcías F., Mendoza R., George-Nascimento M. 2001. Variación entre anos de las infracomunidades de parasitos metazoos de la corvina Cilus gilberti (Pisces: Sciaenidae) en Chile. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 74, 833–840. DOI: 10.4067/S0716-078X2001000400010. in Google Scholar

[9] Gu C.D., Shen J.W. 1976. Report on some gasterostomatous trematodes (Family Bucephalidae Poche, 1907) from marine fishes in Dong Hai and Nan Hai, China. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 22, 371–384 (In Chinese). Search in Google Scholar

[10] Gupta S.P. 1953. Trematode parasites of fresh-water fishes. Indian Journal of Helminthology, 5, 1–80. Search in Google Scholar

[11] Hall K.A., Cribb T.H., Barker S.C. 1999. V4 region of small subunit rDNA indicates polyphyly of the Fellodistomidae (Digenea) which is supported by morphology and life-cycle data. Systematic Parasitology, 43, 81–92. DOI: 10.1023/A:1006113721899. in Google Scholar

[12] Kohn A., Fernandes B.M.M., Cohen S.C. 2007. South American trematodes parasites of fishes. Imprinta Express Ltda., Rio de Janeiro, 318 pp. Search in Google Scholar

[13] Larkin M.A., Blackshields G., Brown N.P., Chenna R., McGettigan P.A., McWilliam H., Valentin F., Wallace I.M., Wilm Lopez R., Thompson J.D., Gibson T.J., Higgins D.G. 2007. Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. Bioinformatics, 23, 2947–2948. DOI: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btm404. in Google Scholar PubMed

[14] Lasiak T. 1991. Bucephalid trematode infections in mytilid bivalves from the rocky intertidal of southern Chile. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 58, 29–36. in Google Scholar

[15] Lebedev B.I. 1968. Trematodes of the family Bucephalidae from commercially important marine fish of New Zealand and Australia. In: Parasites of animals and plants (pp. 156–167). Izd. Nauka, Moscow (In Russian). Search in Google Scholar

[16] Lunaschi L. 2003. Prosorhynchoides rioplatensis (Szidat, 1970) comb. nov. (Digenea, Bucephalidae) from Catathyridium jenynsii (Günther, 1862) (Pleuronectiformes, Achiridae) in Argentina. Acta Parasitologica, 48, 83–86. Search in Google Scholar

[17] Luque J.L., Oliva M. 1993. Trematodes of marine fishes from the Peruvian Faunistic Province (Peru and Chile), with description of Lecithochirium callaoensis n. sp. and new records. Revista de Biología Marina, 28, 271–286. Search in Google Scholar

[18] Manter H.W., Van Cleave H.J. 1951. Some digenetic trematodes, including eight new species, from marine fishes of La Jollita, Calif. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 101, 315–340. Search in Google Scholar

[19] Muñoz A.A., Ojeda F.P. 1998. Guild structure of carnivorous intertidal fishes of the Chilean coast: implications of ontogenetic dietary shifts. Oecologia, 114, 563–573. DOI: 10.1007/s11284-004-0025-6. in Google Scholar

[20] Muñoz G., Olmos V. 2008. Revisión bibliográfica de especies endoparásitas y hospedadoras de sistemas acuáticos de Chile. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, 43, 173–245. DOI: 10.4067/S0718-19572008000200002. in Google Scholar

[21] Muñoz G., Zamora L. 2011. Ontogenetic variation in parasite infracommunities of the clingfish Sicyases sanguineus (Pisces: Gobiesocidae). Journal of Parasitology, (in press). DOI: 10.1645/GE-2445.1. 10.1645/GE-2445.1Search in Google Scholar

[22] Oliva M.E., Ballón I. 2002. Metazoan parasites of the Chilean hake Merluccius gayi gayi as a tool for stock discrimination. Fisheries Research, 56, 313–320. in Google Scholar

[23] Oliva M.E., Luque J.L. 2002. Endohelminth parasites of the trambollo Labrisomus philippii (Steindachner) (Osteichthyes: Labrisomidae) from the central Peruvian Coast. Comparative Parasitology, 69, 100–104. DOI: 10.1654/1525-2647(2002)069[0100:EPOTTL]2.0.C0;2.[0100:EPOTTL]2.0.CO;2Search in Google Scholar

[24] Oliva M.E., Castro R.E., Burgos R. 1996. Parasites of the flatfish Paralichthys adspersus (Steindachner, 1867) (Pleuronectiformes) from Northern Chile. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 91, 301–306. in Google Scholar

[25] Overstreet R.M., Curran S.S. 2002. Superfamily Bucephaloidea Poche 1907. In: (Eds. D.I. Gibson, A. Jones, and R.A. Bray) Keys to the Trematoda. Vol. 1, CABI Publishing and the Natural History Museum, Wallingford, 67–112. Search in Google Scholar

[26] Ozaki Y. 1928. Some gasterostomatous trematodes of Japan. Japanese Journal of Zoology, 2, 35–60. Search in Google Scholar

[27] Riggin G.T., Sparks A.K. 1962. A new gasterostome, Bucephaloides megacirrus from the redfish, Sciaenops ocellata. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 29, 27–29. Search in Google Scholar

[28] Salinas X., González M.T., Acuña E. 2008. Parasites of granadier Nezumia pulchella (Macrouridae) from southeastern Pacific coast of Chile and their use for discrimination of host populations. Journal of Fish Biology, 73, 683–691. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2008.01967.x in Google Scholar

[29] Sambrook J., Fritsch E.F., Maniatis T. 1989. Molecular cloning: a laboratorymanual. 2nd ed. Cold SpringHarbor, New York, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Search in Google Scholar

[30] Yamaguti S. 1952. Parasitic worms mainly from Celebes. Part 1. New digenetic trematodes of fishes. Acta Medicinae Okayama, 8, 146–198. Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2011-6-1
Published in Print: 2011-6-1

© 2011 W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology, PAS

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Downloaded on 2.6.2023 from
Scroll to top button