Skip to content
BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access March 20, 2012

Quaternary coastline evolution of Lake Ohrid (Macedonia/Albania)

Nadine Hoffmann, Klaus Reicherter, Christoph Grützner, Jochen Hürtgen, Andreas Rudersdorf, Finn Viehberg and Martin Wessels
From the journal Open Geosciences

Abstract

Lake Ohrid (between FYR of Macedonia and Albania), situated in an active tectonic region of the Balkanides, is characterized by N — S trending active faults. To reconstruct the Holocene shoreline evolution we investigated the coastline using sediment cores and geophysical methods to image sedimentary and tectonic structures. We revealed areas of differing sedimentation regimes. The plains north and south of the lake are dominated by clastic input related to climate variations and uplift/erosion, whereas the steep western and eastern margins are controlled by recent tectonics. Furthermore, no evidence for a much higher lake-level during the Holocene was found in the plains north and south of the lake, except rare temporary floodings. This is supported by mappings of the limestone cliffs around Lake Ohrid, which yielded no evidence for abrasional platforms or notches as indicators for past highstands.

[1] Wagner B., Reicherter K., Daut G., Wessels M., Matzinger A., Schwalb A., Spirkovski Z., Sanxhaku M., The potential of Lake Ohrid for long-term palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 2008, 259, 241–356 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.10.01510.1016/j.palaeo.2007.10.015Search in Google Scholar

[2] Reicherter K., Hoffmann N., Lindhorst K., Krastel S., Fernández-Steeger T., Grützner C., Wiatr T., Active basins and neotectonics: morphotectonics of the Lake Ohrid Basin (FYROM and Albania). Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften, 2011, 162, 217–234 http://dx.doi.org/10.1127/1860-1804/2011/0162-021710.1127/1860-1804/2011/0162-0217Search in Google Scholar

[3] Albrecht C., Wilke T., Ancient Lake Ohrid: biodiversity and evolution. Hydrobiologia, 2008, 615, 103–140 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-008-9558-y10.1007/s10750-008-9558-ySearch in Google Scholar

[4] Albrecht C., Wilke T., Ancient Lake Ohrid: biodiversity and evolution. In: Wilke T., Vinl R., Riedel F., Dumont H.J., (Eds.), Patterns and Processes of Speciation in Ancient Lakes, Developments in Hydrobiology, 2009, 205, 103–140 Search in Google Scholar

[5] Popovska C., Bonacci O., Basic data on the hydrology of Lakes Ohrid and Prespa. Hydrol. Process., 2007, 21, 658–664 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.625210.1002/hyp.6252Search in Google Scholar

[6] Matzinger A., Jordanoski M., Veljanoska-Sarafiloska E., Sturm M. Müller B., Wüest A., Is Lake Prespa jeopardizing the ecosystem of ancient Lake Ohrid? Hydrobiologia, 2006, 553, 89–109 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-6427-910.1007/s10750-005-6427-9Search in Google Scholar

[7] Vogel H., Wagner B., Zanchetta G., Sulpizio R., Rosén P., A paleoclimate record with tephrochronological age control for the last glacial-interglacial cycle from Lake Ohrid, Albania and Macedonia. J. Paleolimnol., 2010, 44, 295–310 (doi:10.1007/s10933-009-9404-x) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10933-009-9404-xSearch in Google Scholar

[8] Lindhorst K., Vogel H., Krastel S., Wagner B., Hilgers A., Zander A., Schwenk T., Wessels M., Daut G., Stratigraphic analysis of Lake-level Fluctuations in Lake Ohrid: An integration of high resolution hydroacoustic data and sediment cores. Biogeosciences, 2010, 7, 3531–3548 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-7-3531-201010.5194/bg-7-3531-2010Search in Google Scholar

[9] Hoffmann N., Reicherter K., Fernández-Steeger T., Grützner C., Evolution of ancient Lake Ohrid: a tectonic perspective. Biogeosciences, 2010, 7, 3377–3386 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-7-3377-201010.5194/bg-7-3377-2010Search in Google Scholar

[10] Moores E.M., Fairbridge R.W., Encyclopedia of European and Asian Regional Geology, 1997 Search in Google Scholar

[11] Dumurdzanov N., Serafimovski T., Burchfiel B.C., Evolution of the Neogene-Pleistocene Basins of Macedonia. Geological Society of America Digital Map and Chart Series 1, 2004, 1–20 Search in Google Scholar

[12] Muco B., Catalogue of ML ? 3,0 earthquakes in Albania from 1976 to 1995 and distribution of seismic energy released. Tectonophysics, 1998, 292(3–4), 311–319, doi:10.1016/S0040-1951(98)00071-7 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-1951(98)00071-710.1016/S0040-1951(98)00071-7Search in Google Scholar

[13] NEIC, USGS Earthquake Hazard Programme, National Earthquake Information Center, 2011, URL http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/neic/, last access: 20-01-2012 Search in Google Scholar

[14] Dumurdzanov N., Serafimovski T., Burchfiel B.C., Cenozoic tectonics of Macedonia and its relation to the South Balkan extensional regime. Geosphere, 2005, 1, 1–22 http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/GES00006.110.1130/GES00006.1Search in Google Scholar

[15] Burchfiel B.C., King R.W., Nakov R., Tzankov T., Dumurdzanov N., Serafimovski T., Todosov A., Nurce B., Patterns of Cenozoic Extensional Tectonism in the South Balkan Extensional System. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Earthquake Monitoring and Seismic Hazard Mitigation in Balkan Countries, Borovetz, Bulgaria, 1118 September 2005: NATO Science Series IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2008, 81, 3–18 10.1007/978-1-4020-6815-7_1Search in Google Scholar

[16] Trajanovski S., Albrecht C., Schreiber K., Schultheiß R., Stadler T., Benke M., Wilke T., Testing the spatial and temporal framework of speciation in an ancient lake species flock: the leech genus Dina (Hirudinea: Erpobdellidae) in Lake Ohrid. Biogeosciences, 2010, 7, 3387–3402 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-7-3387-201010.5194/bg-7-3387-2010Search in Google Scholar

[17] Aliaj S., Adams J., Halchuk S., Sulstarova E., Peci V., Muco B., Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Maps for Albania, 2004, 1–14 10.4095/226354Search in Google Scholar

[18] Kotzev V., King R.W., Burchfiel B., Todosov A., Nurce B., Nakov R., Crustal Motion and Strain Accumulation in the South Balkan Region Inferred from GPS. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Earthquake Monitoring and Seismic Hazard Mitigation in Balkan Countries, Borovetz, Bulgaria, 1118 September 2005: NATO Science Series IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences, 2008, 81, 19–43 10.1007/978-1-4020-6815-7_2Search in Google Scholar

[19] Burchfiel B.C., King R.W., Todosov A., Kotzev V., Dumurdzanov N., Serafimovski T., Nurce B., GPS results for Macedonia and its importance for the tectonics of the Southern Balkan extensional regime. Tectonophysics, 2006, 413, 239–248 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2005.10.04610.1016/j.tecto.2005.10.046Search in Google Scholar

[20] Sandmeier K.H., Reflex-Win Version 5.6 radar processing and interpretation software package. Sandmeier Scientific Software, Karlsruhe, Germany., 2010, URL http://www.sandmeier-geo.de, last access: 20-01-2012 Search in Google Scholar

[21] Klie W., Studien über Ostracoden aus dem Ohridsee: I. Candocyprinae. [Studies concerning ostracods from Lake Ohrid: I. Candocyprinae] Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 1939, 35, 28–45 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[22] Klie W., Studien über Ostracoden aus dem Ohridsee: II. Limnocytherinae und Cytherinae. [Studies concerning ostracods from Lake Ohrid: II. Limnocytherinae and Cytherinae] Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 1939, 35, 631–646 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[23] Klie W., Studien über Ostracoden aus dem Ohridsee: III. Erster Nachtrag. [Studies concerning ostracods from Lake Ohrid: III. First Addendum] Archiv für Hydrobiologie, 1942, 38, 254–259 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[24] Petkovski T., Contribution to the knowledge of the ostracod fauna of Yugoslavia (V). Publications of the Hydrobiological Research Institute, Faculty of Science, University of Istanbul, 1959, Seri B 4(4), 158–165 Search in Google Scholar

[25] Petkovski T., Ssswasserostracoden aus Jagoslavien VII. Fragmenta Balcanica, [Freshwater Ostracods from Yugoslavia VII Fragmenta Balcanica]. Musei Macedonici Scientiarum Naturalium, 1960, 3, 99–108 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[26] Petkovski T., Zur Kenntnis der Crustaceen des Prespasees. Fragmenta Balcanica, [Knowledge of the Crustaceae of Lake Prespa] Acta Musei Macedonici Scientiarum Naturalium, 1960, 3, 117–131 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[27] Petkovski T., Zwei neue Ostracoden aus dem Ohridund Prespasee. [Two new ostracods from Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa] Izdanija Institut de Pisciculture de la R. P. Macedonie, 1960, 3, 57–66 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[28] Petkovski T., Einige neue und bemerkenswerte Candoninae aus dem Ohridsee und einigen anderen Fundorten in Europa. [Some new and remarkable Candoninae from Lake Ohrid and some other localities in Europe] Acta Musei Macedonici Scientiarum Naturalium, 1969, 11, 81–111 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[29] Petkovski T., Zwei neue Limnocythere-Arten aus Mazedonien (Crustacea-Ostracoda). Acta Musei Macedonici Scientiarum Naturalium, [Two new Limnocythere species from Macedonia (Crustacea-Ostracoda)] 1969, 12, 1–18 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[30] Petkovski T., Keyser D., Leptocythere ostrovskensis sp. In. (Crustacea, Ostracoda, Cytheracea) aus dem See Vegoritis (Ostrovsko Ezero) in NW Griechenland. Mit kurzer Übersicht der Süßwasserarten des Genus Leptocythere G.O. Sars, 1925 vom Westbalkan. [Leptocythere ostrovskensis sp. In. (Crustacea, Ostracoda, Cytheracea) from Lake Vegoritis (Ostrovsko Ezero) in NW Greece. With a short overview on freshwater species of the genus Leptocythere G.O. Sars, 1925 from Western Balkans]Mitteilungen Hamburgisches Zoologisches Museum und Institut, 1992, 89, 227–237 (in German) Search in Google Scholar

[31] Danzeglocke U., Jöris O., Weninger B., CalPal Radiocarbon Calibration Online. URL http://www.calpal-online.de/, last access: 18-02-2012 Search in Google Scholar

[32] Stuiver M., Polach H., Discussion: Reporting of 14C Data. Radiocarbon, 1977, 19, 355 10.1017/S0033822200003672Search in Google Scholar

[33] Lézine A.M., von Grafenstein U., Andersen N., Belmecheri S., Bordon A., Caron B., Cazet J.P., Erlenkeuser H., Fouache E., Grenier C., Huntsman-Mapila P., Hureau-Mazaudier D., Manelli D., Mazaud A., Robert C., Sulpizio R., Tiercelin J.J., Zanchetta G., Z. Z., Lake Ohrid, Albania, provides an exceptional multi-proxy record of environmental changes during the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoecol., 2010, 287, 116–127 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.01.01610.1016/j.palaeo.2010.01.016Search in Google Scholar

[34] Vogel H., Zanchetta G., Sulpizio R., Wagner B., Nowaczyk N., A tephrostratigraphic record for the last glacial-interglacial cycle from Lake Ohrid, Albania and Macedonia. J Quaternary Sci, 2010, 25, 320–338 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jqs.131110.1002/jqs.1311Search in Google Scholar

[35] Leng M., Baneschi I., Zanchetta G., Jex C., Wagner B., Vogel H., Late Quaternary palaeoenvironmental reconstruction from Lakes Ohrid and Prespa (Macedonia/ Albania border) using stable isotopes. Biogeosciences, 2010, 7, 3109–3122 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-7-3109-201010.5194/bg-7-3109-2010Search in Google Scholar

[36] Wagner B., Vogel H., Zanchetta G., Sulpizio R., Environmental change within the Balkan region during the past ca. 50 ka recorded in the sediments from lakes Prespa and Ohrid. Biogeosciences, 2010, 7, 3187–3198 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-7-3187-201010.5194/bg-7-3187-2010Search in Google Scholar

[37] Papanikolaou I.D., Foumelis M., Parcharidis I., Lekkas E.F., Fountoulis I.G., Deformation pattern of the 6 and 7 April 2009, MW= 6.3 and MW = 5.6 earthquakes in L’Aquila (Central Italy) revealed by ground and space based observations. Nat. Hazard. Earth Sys., 2010, 10, 73–87 http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/nhess-10-73-201010.5194/nhess-10-73-2010Search in Google Scholar

[38] Blindow I., Schütte M., Elongation and mat formation of Chara aspera under different light and salinity conditions. Hydrobiologia, 2007, 584, 69–76 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-0578-910.1007/s10750-007-0578-9Search in Google Scholar

[39] Jordanoski M., Lokoska L., Veljanoska-Sarafiloska E., The River Sateska and consequences of its diversion to Lake Ohrid. Balwois Conference 2010 Proceedings, 2010, 1–7 Search in Google Scholar

[40] Mikulic F., Pljakic M., Characteristics of the qualitative distribution of endemic Candona species in Lake Ohrid. Ekologija, 1970, 5, 101–115 Search in Google Scholar

[41] Stojardinovic C., Multi-year oscillation of the lakelevels of Ohrid and Prespa lakes (in Macedonian language), 1969, Department of Mathematics and Natural Science, Skopje. Unpubl. Maps Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2012-3-20
Published in Print: 2012-3-1

© 2012 Versita Warsaw

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

Scroll Up Arrow