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Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access January 24, 2011

Least Squares Spectral Analysis for Detection of Systematic Behaviour of Digital Level Compensator

  • Y. Amerian and B. Voosoghi

Least Squares Spectral Analysis for Detection of Systematic Behaviour of Digital Level Compensator

Levelling is the most precise technique for height difference measurements in geomatics engineering. Various systematic errors affect precise levelling observations and reduce the precision of the observed height differences. This study investigates digital levels residual compensator error and observational method for its elimination. For this purpose the levelling data, which was collected with Zeiss DiNi 12 digital levels, was analysed. There are different statistical and spectral methods that can reveal the presence of systematic errors in levelling results. In this study, the Least Squares Spectral Analysis (LSSA) method is used. The analysis confirmed that using alternating pointing method (BFFB, FBBF) instead of usual observation routine (BFFB) will eliminate the Zeiss DiNi 12 digital levels residual compensator error from section height differences and discrepancies. In this way, it does not matter using different instruments in the forward and backward section runs and the discrepancies can be used to investigate other systematic errors.


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Published Online: 2011-1-24
Published in Print: 2011-3-1

This content is open access.

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