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Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access June 29, 2011

Discrete Spherical Harmonic Transforms of Nearly Equidistributed Global Data

  • J. Blais

Discrete Spherical Harmonic Transforms of Nearly Equidistributed Global Data

Discrete Spherical Harmonic Transforms (SHTs) are commonly defined for equiangular grids on the sphere. However, when global array data exhibit near equidistributed patterns rather than equiangular grids, discrete SHTs require appropriate adaptations for analysis and synthesis. Computational efficiency and reliability impose structural constraints on possible equidistribution characteristics of data patterns such as for instance with Chebychev quadratures and Fast Fourier Transforms (FFTs). Following some general introduction to discrete SHTs and equidistributions on the sphere, equitriangular (near equiareal) lattices based on the octahedron and the icosahedron are introduced for SHT analysis and synthesis. The developed formulations are described and implemented using simulated data and geopotential models such as the Earth Geopotential Model EGM 2008. Comparative results for analysis and synthesis at different levels of resolution show the potential of the spherical equitriangular approach for geodetic and other applications with nearly equidistributed global data.


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Published Online: 2011-6-29
Published in Print: 2011-9-1

This content is open access.

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