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Soiling Degree and Cleanability of Differently Treated Polyester Textile Materials

Bestimmung des Anschmutzungsgrades und der Schmutzauswaschbarkeit unterschiedlich imprägnierter Polyesterfaserstoffen
A. Calvimontes , V. Dutschk , B. Breitzke , P. Offermann and B. Voit

Abstract

Soiling degree and cleanability of well-characterized polyester textile materials treated with different soil release polymers (SRP) have been systematically investigated. It was shown that soil removal considered in terms of soiling additional density (SAD) strongly depends on the kind of textile materials investigated. The influence of textiles surface properties such as the degree of hydrophobicity and topographical structure on spreading of water before and after the treatment with SRP was quantified, as well.

Kurzfassung

Der Grad der Anschmutzung und die Schmutzauswaschbarkeit umfassend charakterisierter Polyesterfaserstoffe mit unterschiedlicher Soil-Release-Ausrüstung wurde systematisch untersucht. Es wurde gezeigt, dass die Schmutzauswaschbarkeit bewertet durch die Anwendung der SAD-Analyse (soiling additional density) in hohem Maße von der Art der verwendeten Textilmaterialien abhängt. Ferner wurde der Einfluss der Oberflächeneigenschaften von Textilien, wie Hydrophobie und topographische Struktur, auf die Spreitung von Wasser vor und nach der Imprägnierung mit Soil-Release-Polymeren (SRP) quantifiziert.


4Dr. Victoria Dutschk, Department Polymer Interfaces, Leibniz-Institute of Polymer Research Dresden e. V., Hohe Strasse 6, D-01069 Dresden, Germany, E-mail:

M. Sc. Alfredo Calvimontes was born in 1965 and graduate from the La Salle University (Mexico), Faculty of Chemical Engineering in 1989. During twelve years he worked as a manufacturing engineer in the chemical and textile industries in Mexico and Bolivia. In 2004 he received his Master Degree in Textile and Clothing Engineering from the Dresden University of Technology. At the present time he works at the Leibniz-Institute of Polymer Research Dresden.

Dr. Victoria Dutschk was born in 1966 and graduate from the Odessa State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics in 1988. She obtained her PhD in 2000 at the Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department Material Science (under Prof. W. Pompe). Since 1994 she has been working as a research assistant at the Leibniz-Institute of Polymer Research Dresden in the field of interfacial phenomena.

Dr. Burkhard Breitzke was born in 1967 and studied chemistry at the University of Bielefeld. After concluding his studies in 1996, he worked on molecular modeling of surfactants and obtained his Dr. rer. nat. from the University of Essen in the department of Prof. H. Rehage in 2000. Since 1999 he has been working for Sasol Germany in Marl employing computational methods on problems in surfactant chemistry.

Prof. Dr. Peter Offermann was born 1940, studied Mechanical Engineering from 1958 to 1964 at the Dresden University of Technology and received his PhD at the same University at the Institute of Textile Technology. From 1968 to 1974 he was active as research manager in several industrial enterprises. From 1974 to 1989 he worked as senior lecturer at the Institute of Textile Technology. He took over the chair of Textile Technology at the Dresden University of Technology and he was appointed as Director of Textile and Clothing Technology Institute. In 2000 he received the Doctor's degree “honoris causa” of St. Petersburg University of Technology and Design. He is a Member of Saxonian Academy of Sciences in Leipzig and Scientific expert of the German Research Community (DFG) and other institutions as well.

Prof. Dr. Brigitte Voit was born 1963 in Bayreuth, studied Chemistry from 1982 to 1987 at the University Bayreuth and received her PhD at the same University 1990 under the guidance of Prof. Oskar Nuyken with her work on “Water-soluble Photo Resins”. After a postdoctoral work at Eastman Kodak in Rochester, USA, on hyper-branched polyesters, she finalised her habilitation on “Dendritic Polymers” at the Technische Universität München in 1996. She took over the chair of Organic Chemistry of Polymers at the Technische Universtät Dresden in August 1997 together with the leadership of the IPF Institute on Macromolecular Chemistry at the Leipzig Institute of Polymer Research (IPF). In September 2002 she was appointed as Managing Director and Chief Scientific Officer of the IPF Dresden.


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Received: 2004-11-9
Published Online: 2013-05-08
Published in Print: 2005-03-01

© 2005, Carl Hanser Publisher, Munich

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