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Nonionic Surfactants: An Overview

Nichtionische Tenside: Ein Überblick
D. Bajpai and V. K. Tyagi

Abstract

Nonionic surfactants do not produce ions in aqueous solution. As a consequence, they are compatible with other types of surfactants and are excellent candidates to enter complex mixtures, as found in many commercial products. Nonionic surfactants are found today in a large variety of domestic and industrial products, such as powdered or liquid formulations. This review paper describes the history, properties, types and uses of nonionic surfactants.

Kurzfassung

Nichtionische Tenside bilden in wässriger Lösung keine Ionen. Daher sind sie mit anderen Tensidtypen verträglich und für komplexe Mischungen, wie sie z.B. in kommerziellen Produkten vorliegen, hervorragend geeignet. Nichtionische Tenside sind heutzutage in einer Vielzahl von wässrigen und pulverförmigen Produkten für Haushalt und Industrie zu finden. Diese Übersicht beschreibt die Geschichte, die Eigenschaften, Typen und den Einsatz von nichtionischen Tensiden.


Divya Bajpai, Department of Oil and Paint Technology, Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, A-1/79, Sec-18, Rohini, New Delhi-110089, India. E-Mail:

Ms Divya Bajpai was born in 1980 in India. She received his bachelors and masters degree in Chemistry in 2000 and 2002 from C. S. J. M. University Kanpur (India) in 2002. She has submitted Ph.D thesis entitled “Studies on imidazoline surfactants for laundry detergent compositions” which is focused on synthesis, characterization and surface active properties/performance properties of cationic imidazolinium surfactants. She has published 8 international research and review papers in most renowned journals and attended/presented 3 papers in national and international seminars/conferences.

Vinod Kumar Tyagi was born in 1959 in India. He received his bachelors, masters and doctoral degree in Chemical Technology in 1984, 1986 and 1992, respectively from Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur, India. He joined as a faculty in the Department of Oil and Paint Technology in 1988 at Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur India. Currently, he is working as a Professor in the same department. He is having 20 years experience of teaching under graduate and post graduate students of Oil Technology. He has supervised more than 22 candidates for masters and doctoral thesis. He has published more than 35 papers in referred national and international journals and had presented 18 papers in national and international conferences in India and abroad. His research interests are surfactants and detergents, novel surfactants and oleo chemicals.


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Received: 2009-10-14
Published Online: 2013-04-05
Published in Print: 2010-05-01

© 2010, Carl Hanser Publisher, Munich

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