Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 11, 2013

Experimental Study of Surfactant Retention on Kaolinite Clay

Experimentelle Untersuchung der Tensidretention auf Kaolinit
Y. Wu, S. Iglauer, P. Shuler, Y. Tang and W. A. Goddard

Abstract

We measured equilibrium surfactant retention on kaolinite clay for a large array of surfactants. We demonstrate that the mass balance measurements we used are a rapid way to screen surfactants in terms of their potential to be used in enhanced oil recovery applications. Surfactant classes investigated include: alkyl(aryl) sulfonates, ethylene oxide-propylene oxide copolymers, ethoxylated alkylphenols, alkyl polyglucosides, sorbitan ester ethoxylates, alkyl alcohol propoxylated sulfate sodium salts, gemini surfactants, sulfosuccinates and organo silicone-ethylene oxide-propylene oxide terpolymers. We identified several surfactants which had zero retention under the test conditions and which may therefore be suitable as enhanced oil recovery chemicals in surfactant flooding schemes. We discuss surfactant retention mechanisms on kaolinite clay and analyze surfactant structure-retention relationships for several surfactant classes.

Kurzfassung

Wir haben die Gleichgewichtsretentionen einer großen Anzahl von Tensiden auf Kaolintonerde gemessen und können zeigen, dass das Potential von Tensiden für die tertiäre Ölförderung effektiv mit Massenbilanzmessungen analysiert werden kann. Folgende Tensidklassen wurden getestet: Alkylarylsulfonate, Ethylenoxid-Propylenoxid-Copolymere, ethoxilierte Alkylphenole, Alkylpolyglucoside, Sorbitanesterethoxilate, Natriumsalze von alkylalkoholpropoxylierten Sulfaten, Geminitenside, Sulfosuccinate und Organosilikon-Ethylenoxid-Propylenoxid-Terpolymere. Wir haben mehrere Tenside identifiziert, die keine meßbare Retention aufweisen und die deswegen als Erdölförderchemikalien brauchbar sind. Wir diskutieren Tensidretentionsmechanismen auf Kaolintonerde und analysieren den Zusammenhang Tensidstruktur-Retentionsmenge mehrerer Tensidklassen.


Dr. Stefan Iglauer, Building 613 Technology Park, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Curtin University, Perth WA 6151, Australia. E-Mail:

Dr. Stefan Iglauer is a Senior Lecturer at Curtin University. His research interests include carbon dioxide sequestration, multi-phase flow in porous media, interfacial science, wettability studies, micro-computed tomography and enhanced oil recovery. Dr. Iglauer earned his chemistry degree from the University of Paderborn and received his PhD from the Oxford Brookes University.

Dr. Yongfu Wu is a Research Assistant Professor with the Petroleum Engineering Program at Missouri University of Science and Technology (MS&T). Dr. Wu's research interests include surfactants and interfacial phenomena such as adsorption, aggregation, dispersion, emulsion, foaming, spreading and wetting, as well as development of novel surfactants and formulations for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), remediation of aquifer and groundwater and other surfactant-related industrial applications. Currently his research focuses on the fundamental aspects of enhanced oil recovery by chemical technologies.

Dr. Patrick Shuler currently is on the research staff at the PEERI (Power, Environmental, and Energy Research Institute) located in Covina, CA. There he has been directing government and industry-sponsored research projects in chemical-based Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) for the past 9 years. Previous to joining PEERI he worked for over 22 years in Chevron Corporation's upstream R&D organization. While there he specialized in research in chemical EOR and in other aspects of oil and gas production chemistry. Dr. Shuler earned undergraduate and graduate degrees in chemical engineering degrees from the University of Notre Dame, and the University of Colorado, respectively.

Dr. Yongchun Tang is currently the Director of the Power, Energy, and Environmental Research (PEER) Center in the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology. Besides overseeing the operation of the PEER Center, with a staff of approximately 20 people, he has directed projects in several areas, including hydrocarbon generation and gas-to-liquids conversion. Dr. Tang also is an adjunct professor with Cornell University and the Cola Research and Geochemistry Institutes in the Chinese Academy of Science.

Prof. William A. Goddard III has been a member of the Faculty of the Chemistry Department at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) since November 1964, where he is now Charles and Mary Ferkel Professor in Chemistry, Materials Science, and Applied Physics. His research career has focused on developing methods to solve problems in catalysis, materials science, and pharma from first principles (no use of empirical data). He uses multiscale multiparadigm technologies to make first principles methods practical for critical problems in catalysis, nanotechnology, fuel cells, and pharma. Thus, his work bridges between fundamentals of physics and chemistry, new developments in computer science, and practical applications. Professor Goddard has published over 816 scientific articles. See http://www.wag.caltech.edu/publications/papers/.


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Received: 2010-11-14
Published Online: 2013-04-11
Published in Print: 2011-09-01

© 2011, Carl Hanser Publisher, Munich