Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 22, 2013

The Effect of Electrolytes on the Interaction of C. I. Reactive Orange 16-Tetradecyltrimethylammonium Bromide

Einfluss von Elektrolyten auf die Wechselwirkung von C. I. Reactive Orange16 mit Tetradecyltrimethylammoniumbromid
Halide Akbaş and Tanzer Taner

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the interaction of a cationic surfactant tetradecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (TTAB) on the electronic absorption spectra of azo dye Reactive Orange 16 (RO16) and to observe the effects of the kind and concentration of electrolytes on these interactions by means of UV-Vis spectroscopy in submicellar and micellar concentration range at a certain temperature (303 K). TTAB affects the electronic absorption spectra of dye solution that is dye-surfactant interaction results into formation of complex and therefore, a decrease in maximum absorption spectra (1.577 at 494 nm). The electrolyte anions cause an increase on the absorbance of TTAB–RO16 ion-pair complex in the following order: Br– > Cl– > SO42– > NO3– > CN– and also for cations; Na+ > K+ > NH4+ > Mg2+. The increase or decrease on absorption spectra of RO16-TTAB solution depends on concentration range of the electrolyte added.

Kurzfassung

Ziel dieser Studie ist, die Wechselwirkung zwischen einem kationische Tensid (Tetradecyltrimethylammoniumbromid, TTAB) und dem Elektronenadsorptionsspektrum des Azofarbstoff Reactiv Orange 16 (RO16) zu bestimmen. Mit Hilfe der UV-Vis-Spektroskopie werden die Einflüsse von Elektrolytart und -konzentration auf diese Wechselwirkungen im mizellaren und submizellaren Konzentrationsbereich bei einer bestimmten Temperatur (303 K) beobachtet. TTAB beeinträchtigt die elektronischen Absorptionssprektren der Farbstofflösung, d. h. die Farbstoff-Tensid-Wechselwirkung kommt aufgrund einer Komplexbildung zustande, was man an der Abnahme des Maximum im Adsorptionsspektrum erkennen kann (1,577 bei 494 nm). Die Anionen des Elektrolyten verursachen einen Anstieg der Extinktion des TTAB–RO16-Ionenpaarkomplexes in der Reihenfolge Br– > Cl– > SO42– > NO3– > CN– für die Kationen ergibt sich folgende Reihenfolge Na+ > K+ > NH4+ > Mg2+. Anstieg oder Abfalll der Extinktion im Spektrum der RO16-TTAB-Lösungen hängen vom Konzentrationsbereich des zugegebenen Elektrolyten ab.


1 Correspondence to Prof. Dr. Halide Akbaş Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Trakya University, 22030, Edirne, Turkey, Tel.: 00 90-5 34-4 11-05-63, Fax: (00 90)2 84-2 13-70-53, E-Mail:

Halide Akbaş graduated from Technical University of Istanbul and received her Ph. D. at Trakya Universty in 1992. She is currently working as Associated Profesor of Physical Chemistry at Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey. Her research focused on the interaction of dye-surfactant solutions, thermodynamic of micellization and the physic chemical properties of novel surfactant.

Tanzer Taner is a researcher student at the department of chemistry, Trakya University. He received his M. Sc.in physical chemisty at the department of chemistry, Trakya University. His research areas focuses surfactants and its interactions with dyes.


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Received: 2012-3-10
Revised: 2012-8-20
Published Online: 2013-08-22
Published in Print: 2013-03-15

© 2013, Carl Hanser Publisher, Munich