Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 22, 2013

Stabilization of Foam Produced by Sodium Lauryl Sulphate with Mannosylerythritol Lipids Synthesized on Soybean Oil and Sucrose by Pseudozyma antarctica (ATCC 32657)

Stabilisierung des von Natriumlaurylsulfat erzeugten Schaums mit Mannosylerythritollipiden, die von Pseudozyma antarctica (ATCC 32657) auf Sojaöl und Saccharose synthetisiert wurden
Akash Bhangale, Sachin Patil, Sushant Wadekar, Sandeep Kale, Arvind Lali, Diptinarayan Bhowmick and Amit Pratap

Abstract

Biosurfactants are gaining importance due their large potential for industrial applications and their eco-friendly nature. The properties of biosurfactants can vary with their structure which is dependent upon strain, cultivation conditions and carbon source. A mannosylerythritol lipid (MEL) is one of the simplest biosurfactants with a well-defined structure produced by Pseudozyma antarctica (ATCC 32657). The study includes the surfactant properties of MEL produced on soybean oil with sucrose as substrate. MEL showed surface activity at very low concentrations. The various properties were explained on the basis of the structural similarity between MEL and Gemini surfactant. The performance properties of SLS like foaming, emulsification and wetting were improved when SLS was partially substituted (5–20 %) by MEL. Based on the study, MEL can be used in various cosmetic products like shaving creams, skin creams and lotions, where MEL will not only enhance foaming property but also provide moisturizing and healing properties on skin.

Kurzfassung

Aufgrund ihrer vielen Anwendungsmöglichkeiten in der Industrie und ihrer umweltfreundlichen Eigenschaften erlangen Biotenside zunehmende Bedeutung. Die Eigenschaften der Biotenside variieren mit ihrer Struktur, die von dem Stamm, den Kultivierungsbedingungen und der Kohlenstoffquelle abhängen. Mannosylerythritollipide (MEL) gehören zu den einfachsten Biotensiden mit einer definierten Struktur, die von dem Bakterium Pseudozyma antarctica (ATCC 32657) synthetisiert werden. In dieser Untersuchung werden die Tensideigenschaften von MEL, die in Sojaöl auf dem Substrat Saccharose hergestellt wurden, behandelt. MEL zeigt schon bei sehr geringen Konzentrationen Oberflächenaktivität. Die verschiedenen Eigenschaften werden auf Basis der strukturellen Ähnlichkeit zwischen MEL und den Geminitensiden erklärt. Die Leistung von Natriumlaurylsulfat (SLS) wie Schaumvermögen, Emulsionsvermögen und Benetzung werden verbessert, wenn man SLS teilweise durch MEL (5–20 %) ersetzt. Auf Basis dieser Untersuchungen kann man MEL in verschiedenen Kosmetikprodukten wie Rasiercremes, Hautcremes und Lotionen einsetzen, wobei MEL nicht nur die Schaumeigenschaft verstärkt, sondern auch für Feuchtigkeit und Heilung auf der Haut sorgt.


3 Dr. Amit Pratap, Department of Oils, Oleochemicals and Surfactants Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology, (University under Section 3 of UGC Act 1956; Formerly UDCT/UICT), Matunga (East), Mumbai, India, E-Mail:

Dr. Amit P. Pratap completed his graduation and post graduation in Oil Technology in 2001 and obtained his doctorate degree in 2006 from Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai. He served the department as a “Professor J. G. Kane Academic Associate” for over two years and at present he is working as Assistant Professor. For the past nine years he is involved in the teaching, research and development in the field of vegetable oil based lubricants, additives and biosurfactants. His research interest includes triboapplications of vegetable oils, structural modifications of oils and fats, biosurfactants and specialty products.

Professor D. N. Bhowmick completed his graduation and post graduation in Oil Technology from HBTI, Kanpur his doctorate degree from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mumbai. He was heading the department for over 10 years and at present he is working as a Senior Professor of Oil Technology. For the past twenty five years he is involved in the teaching, research and development in the field of membrane technology and specialty products.

Professor A. M. Lali completed his graduation and post graduation in Chemical Engineering from ICT, Mumbai and obtained his doctorate degree in the field of multiphase reactors from ICT, Mumbai. He is working as Professor in Chemical Engineering Department and also serving the institute as Co-ordinator, DBT-ICT Centrefor Energy Biosciences. For the past twenty two years he is involved in the teaching, research and development in the field of biotechnology, protein purification, biotransformation, fermentation, chromatographic separation etc.

Dr. S. B. Kale completed his graduation in Pharmaceutical Sciences and post graduation in Bioprocess Technology from ICT, Mumbai and obtained his doctorate degree in the field of Biotechnology from ICT, Mumbai. He is working as Assistant Professor in DBT-ICT Centre for Energy Biosciences from past 4 years. His research interest includes biotransformation, fermentation, chromatographic separation etc.

Mr. S. D. Wadekar completed his graduation and post graduation in Oil Technology in 2006 from Department of Oils, Oleochemicals and Surfactants Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai. He completed the doctoral programme in the Oils Dept. at ICT.

Mr. A. P. Bhangale completed his post graduation in Foods Technology in 2010 from LIT, Nagpur. At present he is working for the doctoral programme in the Oils Dept. at ICT.

Mr. S. V. Patil completed his post graduation in Oil Technology in 2010 from ICT, Mumbai. At present he is working for the doctoral programme in the Oils Dept. at ICT.


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Received: 2012-7-18
Revised: 2012-11-22
Published Online: 2013-08-22
Published in Print: 2013-03-15

© 2013, Carl Hanser Publisher, Munich