Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 13, 2017

Ester-Based Pyridinium Gemini Surfactants as Novel Inhibitors for Mild Steel Corrosion in 1 M HCl Solution

Estergruppen-haltige Pyridinium-Gemini-Tenside als neuartige Inhibitoren für Korrosion von Weichstahl in 1 M HCl-Lösung
Mohammad Mobin and Ruby Aslam


The corrosion inhibition ability of ester based pyridinium Gemini surfactants (GS) with different hydrophobic character (14-Py and 16-Py) towards mild steel (MS) in 1 M HCl solution was investigated at various concentrations and temperatures (303–333 K). Potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, weight loss, surface analysis (SEM/EDAX and AFM) and FT-IR were combined to investigate the corrosion inhibition behaviour of the surfactants. 14-Py and 16-Py were found to be efficient, mixed type inhibitors. The inhibition efficiencies increased with increasing concentration, hydrophobicity and solution temperature. The existence of a protective film of the adsorbed inhibitors on the MS surface was confirmed by SEM/EDX/AFM.


Die Fähigkeit von estergruppenhaltigen Pyridinium-Gemini-Tensiden (GS) mit unterschiedlichem hydrophobem Charakter (14-Py und 16-Py), die Korrosion gegenüber Weichstahl (MS) in 1 M HCl-Lösung zu inhibieren, wurde bei verschiedenen Konzentrationen und Temperaturen (303–333 K) untersucht. Potentiodynamische Polarisation, elektrochemische Impedanzspektroskopie, Gewichtsverlust, Oberflächenanalyse (SEM/EDAX und AFM) und FT-IR wurden kombiniert, um das Korrosionsinhibierungsverhalten der Tenside zu untersuchen. 14-Py und 16-Py agierten als effiziente Misch-Inhibitoren. Die Inhibitionswirkung stieg mit zunehmender Konzentration, Hydrophobie und Lösungstemperatur. Die Existenz eines Schutzfilms aus an der MS-Oberfläche adsorbierten Inhibitoren wurde durch SEM, EDX, AFM bestätigt.

*Correspondence address, Mohammad Mobin, Corrosion Research Laboratory, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202002, India, Tel.: +919411491161, Fax: +915712701895, E-Mail:

Mohammad Mobin is a Professor in the Department of Applied Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, India. He received his M. Sc., M. Phil. and Ph. D. degrees from the same university. He has also served as Researcher at Saline Water Conversion Corporation, Saudi Arabia. His present research interests are in the area of surfactants, natural and synthetic polymers as corrosion inhibitors.

Ruby Aslam, is currently a Ph. D. student in the Department of Applied Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. She received her M. Sc. and M.Phil degrees from the same university.


1. Mallaiya, K., Subramaniam, R., Srikandan, S. S., Gowri, S., Rajasekaran, N. and Selvaraj, A.: Electrochemical, characterization of the protective film formed by the unsymmetrical Schiff's base on the mild steel surface in acid media, Electrochim. Acta56 (2011) 38573863. 10.1016/j.electacta.2011.02.036 Search in Google Scholar

2. Negm, N. A., Kandile, N. G., BadrE.A. and MohammedM.A.: Gravimetric and electrochemical evaluation of environmentally friendly nonionic corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel in 1 M HCl, Corros. Sci.65 (2012) 94103. 10.1016/j.corsci.2012.08.002Search in Google Scholar

3. Mobin, M., Zehra, S. and Aslam, R.: L-Phenylalanine methyl ester hydrochloride as green corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution and effect of surfactant additive, RSC Adv., 6 (2016) 58905902. 10.1039/c5ra24630jSearch in Google Scholar

4. Ekanem, U. F., Umoren, S. A., Udousoro, I. I. and Udoh, A. P.: Inhibition of Mild Steel Corrosion in HCl Using Pineapple Leaves- (Ananas Comosus L.) Extract, J. Mater. Sci. 45 (2010) 55585566. 10.1007/s10853-010-4617-ySearch in Google Scholar

5. Obot, I. B. and Obi-Egbedi, N. O.: Adsorption properties and inhibition of mild steel corrosion in sulphuric acid solution by ketoconazole: experimental and theoretical investigation, Corros. Sci.52 (2010) 198204. 10.1016/j.corsci.2009.09.002Search in Google Scholar

6. Ahamad, I., Prasad, R. and Quraishi, M. A.: Inhibition of mild steel corrosion in acid solution by pheniramine drug: experimental and theoretical study, Corros. Sci.52 (2010) 30333041. 10.1016/j.corsci.2009.08.050Search in Google Scholar

7. Yadav, M., Behera, D., Kumar, S. and Sinha, R. R.: Experimental and quantum chemical studies on the Corrosion Inhibition Performance of Benzimidazole Derivatives for mild steel in HCl, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.52 (2013) 63186328. 10.1021/ie400099qSearch in Google Scholar

8. Fouda, A. S., Mostafa, H. A., El-Taib Haekel, F. and Elewady, G. Y.: Synergistic influence of iodide ions on the inhibition of corrosion of C-steel in sulphuric acid by some aliphatic amines, Corros. Sci.47 (2005) 19882004. 10.1016/j.corsci.2004.09.008Search in Google Scholar

9. Dandia, A., Gupta, S. L., Quraishi, M. A. and Singh, P.: Ultrasound Assisted Synthesis of Pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridines as Potential Corrosion Inhibitors for Mild Steel in 1.0 M HCl, ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 1 (2013) 13031310. 10.1021/sc400155uSearch in Google Scholar

10. Amin, M. A., Abd El-Rehim, S. S., El-Sherbini, E. E. F. and Bayoumi, R. S.: The inhibition of low carbon steel corrosion in hydrochloric acid solutions by succinic acid Part I. Weight loss, polarization, EIS, PZC, EDX and SEM studies, Electrochim. Acta52 (2007) 35883600. 10.1016/j.electacta.2006.10.019Search in Google Scholar

11. Sorkhabi, H. A., Shaabani, B. and Seifzadeh, D.: Effect of some pyrimidinic Schiff bases on the corrosion of mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution, Electrochim. Acta50 (2005) 34463452. 10.1016/j.electacta.2004.12.019 Search in Google Scholar

12. Singh, M. M., Banerjee, S. and Srivastava, V.: Chemically Modified Natural Polysaccharide as Green Corrosion Inhibitor for Mild Steel in Acidic Medium, Corros. Sci.59 (2012) 3546. 10.1016/j.corsci.2012.02.009Search in Google Scholar

13. Zhang, Q. B. and Hua, Y. X.: Corrosion inhibition of mild steel by alkylimidazolium ionic liquids in hydrochloric acid, Electrochim. Acta.54 (2009) 18811887. 10.1016/j.electacta.2008.10.025Search in Google Scholar

14. Bentiss, F., Lebrini, M., Vezin, H. and Lagrenee, M.: Experimental and theoretical study of 3-pyridyl-substituted 1,2,4-thiadiazole and 1,3,4-thiadiazole as corrosion inhibitors of mild steel in acidic media, Mater. Chem. Phys. 87 (2004) 1823. 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2004.05.040Search in Google Scholar

15. Balbo, A. et al.: Corrosion inhibition by anionic surfactants of AA2198Li containing aluminium alloy in chloride solutions, Corros. Sci. (2013). 10.1016/j.corsci.2013.03.027Search in Google Scholar

16. Malik, M. A., Hashim, M. A., Nabi, F., Al-Thabaiti, S. A. and Khan, Z.: Anti corrosion ability of surfactants: a review, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci.6 (2011) 19271948. Search in Google Scholar

17. Trabanelli, G.: Inhibitors. An old remedy for a new challenge, Corrosion47 (1991) 410419. 10.5402/2012/971650Search in Google Scholar

18. Xiao, L., Qiao, W., Guo, H. and Qu, J.: Synthesis of an Imidazoline phosphate surfactant and its application on corrosion inhibition, Tenside Surf. Det.45, 244248. 10.3139/113.100380Search in Google Scholar

19. Mobin, M. and Masroor, S.: Experimental and theoretical study on corrosion inhibition of mild steel in 20% formic acid solution using Schiff base-based cationic gemini surfactant, Tenside Surf. Det.53 (2016) 157167. 10.3139/113.110421Search in Google Scholar

20. Mobin, M. and Noori, S.: Adsorption and corrosion inhibition behaviour of zwitterionic gemini surfactant for mild steel in 0.5 M HCl, Tenside Surf. Det. 53 (2016) 357367. 10.3139/113.110442Search in Google Scholar

21. Tehrani-Bagha, A. R. and Holmberg, K.: Cationic ester-containing gemini surfactants: physical-chemical properties, Langmuir26 (2010) 92769282. 2038787210.1021/la1001336Search in Google Scholar

22. Patial, P., Shaheen, A. and Ahmad, I.: Synthesis of ester based cationic pyridinium gemini surfactants and appraisal of their surface active properties, J. Surfactants Deterg.16 (2013) 4956. 10.1007/s11743-012-1380-xSearch in Google Scholar

23. Mobin, M., Aslam, J. and Al-LohedanH.A.: Study on the inhibition of mild steel corrosion by cationic gemini surfactant in 1 M HCl, J Dispers Sci Technol.37 (2014) 10021009. 10.1080/01932691.2015.1018425Search in Google Scholar

24. Olasunkanmi, L. O., Obot, I. B., Kabanda, M. M. and Ebenso, E. E.: Some Quinoxalin-6-yl derivatives as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in hydrochloric acid: experimental and theoretical studies, J. Phys. Chem. C119 (2015) 1600416019. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b03285Search in Google Scholar

25. Saleh, M. M.: Inhibition of mild steel corrosion by hexadecylpyridinium bromide in 0.5 M H2SO4, Mater. Chem. Phys. 98 (2006) 8389. 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2005.08.069Search in Google Scholar

26. Jeeva, M., Prabhu, G. V., Boobalan, M. S. and Rajesh, C. M.: Interactions and Inhibition Effect of Urea-Derived Mannich Bases on a Mild Steel Surface in HCl, J. Phys. Chem. C119 (2015) 2202522043. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05788Search in Google Scholar

27. Mobin, M., Aslam, R., ZehraS. and AhmadM.: Bio-/Environment-friendly cationic gemini surfactant as novel corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1 M HCl solution, J Surfact Deterg.20 (2017) 5774. 10.1007/s11743-016-1904-xSearch in Google Scholar

28. Adawy, A. I., Abbas, M. A. and Zakaria, K.: New Schiff base cationic surfactants as corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel in acidic medium: weight loss, electrochemical and SEM characterization techniques, Res Chem Intermed.42 (2016) 33853411. 10.1007/s11164-015-2219-7Search in Google Scholar

29. Fouda, A. S., Elewady, Y. A., Abd El-Aziz, H. K. and Ahmed, A. M.: Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel in 0.5 M HCl solution using cationic surfactants, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 7 (2012) 1045610475.Search in Google Scholar

30. Atia, A. A. and Saleh, M. M.: Inhibition of acid corrosion of steel using cetylpyridinium chloride, J. App. Electrochem.33 (2003) 171177. 10.1023/A:1024083117949Search in Google Scholar

31. Shaban, S. M., Aiad, I., El-Sukkary, M. M., Soliman, E. A. and El-Awady, M. Y.: Inhibition of mild steel corrosion in acidic medium by vanillin cationic surfactants, J. Mol. Liq.203 (2015) 2028. 10.1016/j.molliq.2014.12.033Search in Google Scholar

32. Yadav, M., Kumar, S., Purkait, T., Olasunkanmi, L. O., Bahadur, I. and Ebenso, E. E.: Electrochemical, thermodynamic and quantum chemical studies of synthesized benzimidazole derivatives as corrosion inhibitors for N80 steel in hydrochloric acid, J. Mol. Liq.213 (2016) 122138. 10.1016/j.molliq.2015.11.018Search in Google Scholar

33. El Achouri, M., Kertit, S., Gouttaya, H. M., Nciri, B., Bensouda, Y., Perez, L., Infante, M. R., Elkacemi, K.: Corrosion inhibition of iron in 1 M HCl by some gemini surfactants in the series of alkanediyl-α,ω-bis-(dimethyl tetradecyl ammonium bromide), Prog org coat 43 (2001) 267273. 10.1016/S0300-9440(01)00208-9Search in Google Scholar

34. Feng, Y., Chen, S., You, J. and Guo, W.: Investigation of alkylamine self-assembled films on iron electrodes by SEM, FT-IR, EIS and molecular simulations, Electrochim. Acta53 (2007) 17431753. 10.1016/j.electacta.2007.08.035Search in Google Scholar

35. Mu, G. and Li, X.: Inhibition of cold rolled steel corrosion by Tween-20 in sulfuric acid: Weight loss, electrochemical and AFM approaches, J Colloid Interface Sci.289 (2005) 184192. 1600922610.1016/j.jcis.2005.03.061Search in Google Scholar

36. Ozkir, D., Kayakirilmaz, K., Bayol, E., Gurten, A. A. and Kandemirli, F.: The inhibition effect of Azure A on mild steel in 1 M HCl. A complete study: Adsorption, temperature, duration and quantum chemical aspects, Corros. Sci.56 (2012) 143152. 10.1016/j.corsci.2012.03.044Search in Google Scholar

37. Migahed, M. A., Farag, A. A., Elsaed, S. M., Kamal, R., Mostfa, M. and Abd El-BaryH.: Synthesis of a new family of Schiff base nonionic surfactants and evaluation of their corrosion inhibition effect on X-65 type tubing steel in deep oil wells formation water Mater. Chem. Phys.125 (2011) 125135. 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2010.08.082Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-10-15
Accepted: 2017-01-12
Published Online: 2017-11-13
Published in Print: 2017-11-15

© 2017, Carl Hanser Publisher, Munich