Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 26, 2013

A Study on Wear Testing of Orthopedic Implant Materials in Simulated Body Fluid

Verschleißtests an orthopädischen Implant-Werkstoffen in simulierter Körperflüssigkeit
Erdem Atar
From the journal Materials Testing

Abstract

In this study, the sliding wear behaviour of the materials utilized in manufacturing of load-bearing orthopedic implants (316 L, Ti6Al4V, and CoCrMo nickel alloys) was examined by a reciprocating wear tester under ceramic-on-metal configuration in a simulated body fluid (SBF). During the tests the generated wear debris were transferred into the SBF and increased its optical density. In accordance with its poor wear resistance, Ti6Al4V alloy provided a large amount of wear debris transfer into the SBF along with the heavy material attachment to the contact surface of the counterface. Dissolution of wear debris led to an increase of the metal ion concentration in the SBFs. Even though few wear debris were generated, trace elements were detected in the SBFs of the 316 L and CoCrMo alloy, besides the main elements.

Kurzfassung

Für die diesem Beitrag zugrunde liegende Studie wurde das Gleitverschleißverhalten von Materialien untersucht, die zur Herstellung von lasttragenden orthopädischen Implantaten verwendet werden (Stahl 316 L, Ti6Al4V und CoCrMo-Legierungen), indem ein pendelartiger Verschleißtest unter Keramik-Metall-Konfiguration in simulierter Körperflüssigkeit (SBF – Simulated Body Fluid) verwendet wurde. Während der Versuche wurde der Abrieb in die SBF transferiert, wodurch deren optische Dichte anstieg. Übereinstimmend mit ihrem geringen Verschleißwiderstand, wurde von der Ti6Al4V-Legierung ein großer Anteil an Abrieb erzeugt und in die SBF übertragen, im Zusammenhang mit dem aufgebrachten schweren Material, das auf die Kontaktfläche der Gegenseite aufgebracht wurde. Die Auflösung des Abriebes führte zu einem Anstieg der Metallionenkonzentration in den Körperflüssigkeiten. Obwohl ein geringerer Abrieb erzeugt wurde, wurden neben den Hauptelementen Spurenelemente in den SBFs bei der Untersuchung des Stahles 316 L und der CoCrMo-Legierung entdeckt.


Dr. Erdem Atar, born in 1970, graduated from Istanbul Technical University, Turkey, Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering in 1994. After receiving his MSc degree from Gebze Institute of Technology in 1997, he received his PhD degree from Istanbul Technical University in 2004 in the field of Materials Science and Engineering. He is continuing his professional career as assistant professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Gebze Institute of Technology, Turkey. His main research interests include surface modification of metals and alloys as well as tribology.


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Published Online: 2013-05-26
Published in Print: 2013-02-01

© 2013, Carl Hanser Verlag, München