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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 30, 2019

Strength and hardness of post-weld heat-treated thick section 7075 Al alloy friction stir welds

Thadivaka Ramakrishna, Silaparasetti Srinivasa Rao and Gurugubelli Swami Naidu
From the journal Materials Testing

Abstract

In this work, 10 mm thick AA7075-T651 aluminum alloy plates were friction stir welded. The welds were heat-treated using two different heat treatment techniques. Firstly, a special solutionizing method called cyclic solution treatment (CST), involving a repeated heating between 400 and 480 °C for 15 minutes and water quenching. Secondly, CST followed by artificial aging at 130 °C for 24 h. The effect of CST and artificial aging on the mechanical behavior of the welds was studied by dint of hardness, tensile, and impact tests. Weld microstructures were examined by optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). CST enhances hardness across the joint and homogenizes the hardness distribution while marginally improving the yield strength of the weld. CST followed by aging at 130 °C for 24 h was found to result in a significant improvement in the hardness and yield strength of the welded joint. Grain size in the weld nugget is not considerably altered after heat treatment. TEM studies revealed that a partial dissolution of coarse precipitates (MgZn2) and the formation of metastable (MgAlCu) precipitates take place in the weld nugget after CST. In addition, CST followed by artificial aging causes a uniform distribution of stable MgAlCu precipitates in the weld nugget, which thus seems responsible for the enhancement in hardness and strength of the joint.


Correspondence Address, Assistant Prof. T. Ramakrishna, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sir C R Reddy College of Engineering, Eluru-534 007, AP, India, E-mail:

Asst. Prof. Thadivaka Ramakrishna, born in 1983, registered for a PhD in Mechanical Engineering at JNTUK, Kakinada, India in 2016. He has published more than five papers in international journals. He has around eleven years of professional experience in teaching and research. Currently, he is working as Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering at C R Reddy College of Engineering, Eluru, AP, India.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Silaparasetti Srinivasa Rao, born in 1977, received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, India in 2013. He has published more than 21 papers in international journals. He has around 14 years of professional experience in teaching and research. Presently, he is working as Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, MVGR College of Engineering, Vizianagaram, AP, India.

Prof. Dr. Gurugubelli Swami Naidu, born in 1975, received his PhD in Metallurgical Engineering from JNTUK, Kakinada, India in 2011. He has published more than 28 papers in international journals. He has around 18 years of professional experience in teaching and research. Currently, he is working as Professor and Head of the Department of Metallurgical Engineering at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Kakinada, Vizianagaram, AP, India.


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Published Online: 2019-04-30
Published in Print: 2019-05-02

© 2019, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

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