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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 26, 2019

Mechanical properties of 16 different FDM-plastic types

Robin Roj, Ralf Theiß and Peter Dültgen
From the journal Materials Testing


Combined with the increased significance of additive manufacturing technologies in recent years, the FDM-process in particular became more and more important and widespread in private and industrial applications. In the course of the development of a variety of material types, a validation for technical utilization is of great interest. For that reason, standardized samples in three different layer orientations, made of 16 different filament materials, were FDM-printed and tensile tested at room temperature in order to determine their mechanical behavior. Besides the usual plastic types for FDM-printing, such as PLA, ABS or PETG, compound filaments from the four categories metal, carbon, wood, and stone were examined. Carbon showed for any technical applications the most practical results, since the particles increase overall strength and simultaneously contribute to reduced weight. The other composite materials too, for environmental and eco-friendly reasons, are still of interest, although tests have shown that no significant change in resilience has occurred. Moreover, it is found that a crosswise printing direction leads to the best results.

Correspondence Address, Dr. -Ing. Robin Roj, Forschungsgemeinschaft, Werkzeuge und Werkstoffe e.V., Papenberger Str. 49, 42859 Remscheid, Germany, E-mail:

Dr.-Ing. Robin Roj studied Mechanical Engineering at the University of Wuppertal (BUW), Germany and finished his Master of Science in 2011. He graduated in 2016 with a PhD-thesis about algorithms for assorting CAD-databases. After working as an application engineer for product data management in industry, he continued his scientific career at the Forschungsgemeinschaft Werkzeuge und Werkstoffe e.V. (FGW), Remscheid, Germany. There he is involved in several projects dealing with additive manufacturing and smart materials.

Dr.-Ing. Ralf Theiß studied Mechanical Engineering at the Ruhr-University Bochum (RUB), Germany. He received his Diploma in 2007 and his PhD in 2019. After working as a researcher at RUB for Industrial Product Service Systems and at BUW for Safety and Security Systems, he became Head of Research at the Forschungsgemeinschaft Werkzeuge und Werkstoffe e.V. (FGW) in Remscheid, Germany.

Dr.-Ing. Dipl.-Wirt.-Ing. Peter Dültgen finished his diploma in Industrial Engineering at the RUB, Germany in 2002. In 2006 he earned his PhD in the same department and has been working as a Business Executive at the Forschungsgemeinschaft Werkzeuge und Werkstoffe e.V. (FGW), Remscheid, Germany.


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Published Online: 2019-09-26
Published in Print: 2019-10-02

© 2019, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

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