Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 6, 2013

Fire hazard analysis at Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant

Die Brandgefahrenanalyse im Ignalina Kernkraftwerk
  • P. Poskas , V. Simonis , R. Zujus , R. Kilda , A. Sirvydas and J. Kolesnikovas
From the journal Kerntechnik

Abstract

The fire hazard analysis methodology and main results of Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant RBMK-1500 type reactor's systems and rooms with safety elements and also rooms adjacent to main rooms and other fire hazardous rooms are presented. In total this concerns about 2100 rooms in the control area of one Unit, where the fire could influence nuclear safety of the power plant. For this purpose the decision-making computerized system FIRE-INPP was developed. It includes modules for recording necessary information, data processing, analysis and assessment on compliance of rooms at Ignalina NPP with national fire safety requirements and international recommendations regarding fire hazard. Screening algorithms and decision-making module are the basis for the decision-making computerized system, that allows to perform unambiguous, reliable and fast fire hazard analysis and give recommendations to ensure fire safety adequacy.

Kurzfassung

Die Methodik der Brandgefahrenanalyse und die wesentlichen Ergebnisse für die Ignalina Kernkraftwerk RBMK-1500-Typ-Reaktorsysteme und Räume mit Sicherheitseinrichtungen sowie angrenzende Räume und andere brandschutztechnisch relevante Räume werden vorgestellt. Insgesamt betrifft das ungefähr 2100 Räume im Kontrollbereich eines Blocks, in denen das Feuer die kerntechnische Sicherheit des Kraftwerks beeinflussen könnte. Dazu wurde das Rechenprogramm FIRE-INPP entwickelt, das die Entscheidungfindung unterstützen soll. Das Programm schließt Module ein, um notwendige Informationen, Datenverarbeitung, Analyse und die Bewertung von Räumen des Ignalina-Kernkraftwerks hinsichtlich der Einhaltung von nationalen Brandschutzanforderungen und internationalen Empfehlungen zu überprüfen. Die Algorithmen zur Raumauswahl und das Modul zur Unterstützung der Entscheidungsfindung ist die Basis für das Rechenprogramm das es erlaubt, eine eindeutige, zuverlässige und schnelle Brandgefahrenanalyse durchzuführen und Empfehlungen zu geben, um eine angemessene Brandschutzsicherheit sicher zu stellen.


Corresponding author: E-mail:

References

1 AlmenasK., KaliatkaA. and UspurasE.: Ignalina RBMK-1500. A source book. Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas, 1998.Search in Google Scholar

2 Fire protection in nuclear power plants. A safety guide. Safety Series No. 50-SG-D2 (Rev. 1). Vienna, IAEA, 1992.Search in Google Scholar

3 Inspection of fire protection measures and fire fighting capability at nuclear power plants. Safety practices. Safety Series No. 50-P-6. Vienna, IAEA, 1994.Search in Google Scholar

4 Evaluation of fire hazard analyses for nuclear power plants. Safety Practices. Safety Series No. 50-P-9. Vienna, IAEA, 1995.Search in Google Scholar

5 Assessment of the overall fire safety arrangements at nuclear power plants. Safety Practices. Safety Series No. 50-P-11. Vienna, IAEA, 1996.Search in Google Scholar

6 Preparation of fire hazard analyzes for nuclear power plants. Safety Reports Series No. 8. Vienna, IAEA, 1998.Search in Google Scholar

7 Treatment of internal fires in probabilistic safety assessment for nuclear power plants. Safety Reports Series No. 10. Vienna, IAEA, 1998.Search in Google Scholar

8 United states department of energy's reactor core protection evaluation methodology for fires at RBMK and VVER nuclear power plants. Report of U. S. Department of Energy. Revision 1. No. DOE/NE-0113 (REV.1). 1997.Search in Google Scholar

9 IngbergS. H.: Fire loads. Tests on the severity of building fires. Quarterly J. of National Fire Protection Association. Vol. 22, No. 1 (1928), pp. 4361.Search in Google Scholar

10 Fire safety. Basic requirements. RSN-133-91. Vilnius: The Lithuanian Ministry of Construction and Urbanization, 1992 (in Lithuanian).Search in Google Scholar

11 PetterssonO., MagnusonS. E., ThorJ.: Fire engineering design of structures. Swedish Institute of Steel Constuctions. Publication50 (1976).Search in Google Scholar

12 KarlssonB., QuintiereJ. G.: Enclosure fire dynamics. New York: CRC Press LLC, 2000.Search in Google Scholar

13 PeacockR. D., RenekeP. A., JonesW. W., BukowskiR. W., ForneyG. G.: A user's guide for FAST: Engineering tools for estimating fire growth and smoke transport. NIST. Special publication921 (1997).10.6028/NIST.SP.921Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2005-2-28
Published Online: 2013-05-06
Published in Print: 2005-08-01

© 2005, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

Downloaded on 3.2.2023 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.3139/124.100246/html
Scroll Up Arrow