Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 5, 2013

Investigation of nuclear model predictions for proton induced reaction cross-sections up to 150 MeV

Untersuchung von nuklearen Modellen für die Bestimmung von der Protonen induzierten Reaktionen bis 150 MeV
C. H. M. Broeders, A. Y. Konobeyev and L. Mercatali
From the journal Kerntechnik

Abstract

An extensive analysis of the accuracy in the theoretical reproduction of experimental proton induced reaction cross-sections up to 150 MeV is presented. The predictive capabilities of different models for the description of the nuclear level densities as implemented in the TALYS code and in the modified ALICE code have been assessed by means of a systematic comparison of the theoretical results with experimental EXFOR data relative to target nuclei from 24Mg to 209Bi. The results obtained give the possibility to find the best approaches for the cross-section calculation for nuclei from different mass ranges and for different channels.

Kurzfassung

Die extensive Analyse der Vollständigkeit in der theoretischen Reproduktion der experimentellen Wirkungsquerschnitte fuer Reaktionen induzierte durch Protonen mit einer Energie bis zu 150 MeV wird dargestellt. Die prädiktive Fähigkeit der verschiedenen Modellen fuer die Beschreibung die Kernniveaudichte verwendet in TALYS and ALICE/ASH Codes ist für Targets von 24Mg bis 209Bi festgesetzt. Die erhaltene Ergebnisse geben die Möglichkeit die besten Annäherungen für die Berechnung der Wirkungquerschnitten für Kerne der unterschiedlichen Massen zu finden.



References

1 Broeders, C. H. M.; Konobeyev, A. Y.; Mercatali, L.: Uncertainty in cross-section calculations for reactions induced by neutrons with energy above 0.1 MeV. Kerntechnik 71 (2006) 174 Search in Google Scholar

2 Koning, A. J.; Hilaire, S.; Duijvestijn, M. C.: TALYS: Comprehensive nuclear reaction modeling. Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Santa Fe, USA, Sep. 26–Oct. 1, 2004, p. 1154 Search in Google Scholar

3 Konobeyev, A. Y.; Korovin, Y. A.; Pereslavtsev, P. E.: Code ALICE/ASH for calculation of excitation functions, energy and angular distributions of emitted particles in nuclear reactions. Obninsk Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering, Iss. 1997 Search in Google Scholar

4 Dityuk, A. I.; Konobeyev, A. Y.; Lunev, V. P.; Shubin, Y. N.: New advanced version of computer code ALICE-IPPE. INDC(CCP)-410, International Atomic Energy Agency Report, Iss. 1998 Search in Google Scholar

5 Broeders, C. H. M.; Konobeyev, A. Y.; Korovin, Y. A.; Lunev, V. P.; Blann, M.: ALICE/ASH – pre-compound and evaporation model code system for calculation of excitation functions, energy and angular distributions of emitted particles in nuclear reactions at intermediate energies. FZK report, July 2005, in print Search in Google Scholar

6 Koning, A. J.; Duijvestijn, M. C.; van der Marck, S. C., Klein Meulekamp, R.; Hogenbirk, A.: Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Santa Fe, USA, Sep. 26–Oct. 1, 2004, p. 422 Search in Google Scholar

7 Korovin, Y. A.; Konobeyev, A. Y.; Pereslavtsev, P. E.; Plyaskin, V. I.; Stankovsky, A. Y.: Progr. Nucl. Energy29 (Supplement) (1995) 297 Search in Google Scholar

8 Shubin, Y. N.; Lunev, V. P.; Konobeyev, A.Y.; Dityuk, A. I.: Cross-Section Library MENDL-2 to Study Activation and Transmutation of Materials Irradiated by Nucleons of Intermediate Energies, Report INDC(CCP)-385 (1995) Search in Google Scholar

9 Korovin, Y. A.; Konobeyev, A. Y.; Pereslavtsev, P. E.; Stankovsky, A. Y.; Broeders, C.; Broeders, I.; Fischer, U.; von Möllendorff, U.: Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A463, 544 (2001) 10.1016/S0168-9002(01)00169-3 Search in Google Scholar

10 Korovin, Y. A.; Konobeyev, A. Y.; Pilnov, G. B.; Stankovskiy, A. Y.: Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Santa Fe, USA, Sep. 26–Oct. 1, 2004, p. 113 Search in Google Scholar

11 Experimental Nuclear Reaction Data (EXFOR), http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/exfor3/exfor00.htm Search in Google Scholar

12 Koning, A. J.; Duijvestijn, M. C.: Nucl. Phys. A744 (2004) 1510.1016/j.nuclphysa.2004.08.013 Search in Google Scholar

13 Koning, A. J.; Delaroche, J. P.: Nucl. Phys. A713 (2003) 23110.1016/S0375-9474(02)01321-0 Search in Google Scholar

14 Kalbach Walker, C. K.: PRECO-2000: Exciton Model Preequilibrium Code with Direct Reactions, (March 2001); http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nndcscr/model-codes/preco-2000/index.html Search in Google Scholar

15 Raynal, J.: Notes on ECIS94, CEA Saclay Report No. CEA-N-2772, (1994) Search in Google Scholar

16 Ignatyuk, A. V.; Smirenkin, G. N.; Tishin, A. S.: Sov. J. Nucl. Phys.21 (1975) 255 Search in Google Scholar

17 Goriely, S.: Microscopic Nuclear Level Densities. http://www-nds.iaea.org/RIPL-2/densities.html Search in Google Scholar

18 Blann, M.: ALICE-91, Statistical Model Code System with Fission Competition, RSIC CODE PACKAGE PSR-146 Search in Google Scholar

19 Blann, M.; Vonach, H. K.: Phys. Rev. C28 (1983) 1475 Search in Google Scholar

20 Iwamoto, A.; Harada, K.: Phys. Rev. C26 (1982) 1821 Search in Google Scholar

21 Sato, K.; Iwamoto, A.; Harada, K.: Phys. Rev. C28 (1983) 152710.1103/PhysRevC.28.1527 Search in Google Scholar

22 Ignatyuk, A. V.; Istekov, K. K.; Smirenkin, G. N.: Yadernaja Fizika29 (1979) 875 Search in Google Scholar

23 Ignatyuk, A. V.: Level Densities, In: Handbook for Calculations of Nuclear Reaction Data, Report IAEA-TECDOC-1034 (1998), p. 65; http://www-nds.iaea.or.at/ripl/ripl_handbook.htm Search in Google Scholar

24 Cullen, D. E.; Trkov, A.: Program X4TOC4. Version 2001–3. IAEA-NDS-80, IAEA Report, Iss. March 2001; http://www-nds.iaea.org/ndspub/endf/endver/ Search in Google Scholar

25 Michel, R.; Bodemann, R.; Busemann, H.; Daunke, R.; Gloris, M.; Lange, H.-J.; Klug, B.; Krins, A.; Leya, I.; Lüpke, M.; Neumann, S.; Reinhardt, H.; Schnatz-Büttgen, M.; Herpers, U.; Schiekel, T.; Sudbrock, F.; Holmqvist, B.; Conde´, H.; Malmborg, H.; Suter, M.; Dittrich-Hannen, B.; Kubik, P.-W.; Synal, H.-A.; Filges, D.: Cross sections for the production of residual nuclides by low- and medium-energy protons from the target elements C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, V, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Ba and Au. Nucl. Instr. Meth. B129 (1997) 153 Search in Google Scholar

26 Kurenkov, N. V.; Lunev, V. P.; Shubin, Y. N.: Appl. Rad. Isot.50, 541(1999) 10.1016/S0969-8043(98)00048-7 Search in Google Scholar

27 Leeb, H.; Pigni, M. T.; Raskinyte, I.: Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Data for Science and Technology, Santa Fe, USA, Sep. 26–Oct. 1, 2004, p. 161 Search in Google Scholar

28 Broeders, C. H. M.; Konobeyev, A.Y.: Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A550 (2005) 24110.1016/j.nima.2005.06.022 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2007-4-2
Published Online: 2013-04-05
Published in Print: 2007-11-01

© 2007, Carl Hanser Verlag, München