Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 1, 2013

Phase separation in Si–(B)–C–N polymer-derived ceramics

Jerzy A. Golczewski and Fritz Aldinger

Abstract

Details of phase separation in the microstructure of amorphous Si–(B)–C–N ceramics derived from polymers have been resolved using the recent results of structural investigations. The formation of an amorphous phase built of atomic compounds SiCi/4N(4–i)/3 and consequently located along the composition line between SiC and Si3N4 in the ternary Si–C–N phase diagram demonstrates a generic feature of phase separation in all these materials. The amorphous carbon phase separates as a counterpart in the microstructure of Si–C–N ceramics, and in the case of Si–B–C–N ceramics such counterpart represents B–N–C domains of the composition (BN)cCy located along the tie line C–BN in the ternary B–C–N phase diagram. The effect of phase separation has been also pondered as a source of exceptional material properties.


2 Correspondence address: Dr. Jerzy A. Golczewski, MPI für Metallforschung, Heisenbergstr. 5, D-70569 Stuttgart, Tel.: +497116893104, Fax: +497116893131. E-mail:

References

[1] H.-J.Kleebe, H.Strömer, S.Trassl, G.Ziegler: Appl. Organometal. Chem.15(2001)858.10.1002/aoc.243 Search in Google Scholar

[2] J.Bill, T.W.Kamphowe, A.Müller, T.Wichmann, A.Zern, A.Jalowiecki, J.Mayer, M.Weinmann, J.Schumacher, K.Müller, J.Peng, H. J.Seifert, F.Aldinger: Appl. Organometal. Chem.15(2001)777.10.1002/aoc.242 Search in Google Scholar

[3] M.A.Schiavon, G.D.Sorarù, V.P.Yoshida: J. Non-Crystalline Solids304(2002)76.10.1016/S0022-3093(02)01007-4 Search in Google Scholar

[4] N.Janakiraman, M.Weinmann, J.Schumacher, K.Müller, J.Bill, F.Aldinger: J. Am. Ceram. Soc.85(2002)1807.10.1111/j.1151-2916.2002.tb00357.x Search in Google Scholar

[5] L.L.Snead, S.J.Zinkle: Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. ResearchB191(2002)497.10.1016/S0168-583X(02)00599-2 Search in Google Scholar

[6] R.Riedel, M.Seher: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.7(1991)21.10.1016/0955-2219(91)90049-6 Search in Google Scholar

[7] H.J.Seifert, J.Peng, H.L.Lukas, F.Aldinger: J. Alloy and Compounds320(2001)251.10.1016/S0925-8388(00)01478-X Search in Google Scholar

[8] A.Müller, P.Gerstel, M.Weinmann, J.Bill, FritzAldinger: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.20(2000)2655. Search in Google Scholar

[9] Y.Iwamoto, W.Vögler, E.Kroke, R.Riedel: J. Am. Ceram. Soc.84(2001)2170.10.1111/j.1151-2916.2001.tb00983.x Search in Google Scholar

[10] M.Hörz, A.Zern, F.Berger, J.Haug, K.Müller, F.Aldinger, M.Weinmann: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.25(2005)99. Search in Google Scholar

[11] Y.Cai, A.Zimmermann, S.Prinz, A.Zern, F.Phillipp, F.Aldinger: Scripta Mater.45(2001)1301.10.1016/S1359-6462(01)01164-2 Search in Google Scholar

[12] Y.Cai, A.Zimmermann, A.Bauer, F.Aldinger: Acta Mater.51(2003)2675.10.1016/S1359-6454(03)00077-6 Search in Google Scholar

[13] J.Dürr, S.Schemp, P.Lamparter, J.Bill, S.Steeb, F.Aldinger: Solid State Ionics101–103(1997)1041. Search in Google Scholar

[14] S.Schemp, J.Dürr, P.Lamparter, F.Aldinger: Z. Naturforsch.53a(1998)127. Search in Google Scholar

[15] J.Dürr, P.Lamparter, J.Bill, S.Steeb, F.Aldinger: J. Non-Crystalline Solids232–234(1998)155. Search in Google Scholar

[16] J.Haug, P.Lamparter, M.Weinmann, F.Aldinger: Chem. Mater.16(2004)72.10.1021/cm031029f Search in Google Scholar

[17] J.Haug, P.Lamparter, M.Weinmann, F.Aldinger: Chem. Mater.16(2004)83.10.1021/cm031088t Search in Google Scholar

[18] S.Trassl, H.J.Kleebe, H.Störmer, G.Motz, E.Rössler, G.Ziegler: J. Am. Ceram. Soc.85(2002)1268.10.1111/j.1151-2916.2002.tb00256.x Search in Google Scholar

[19] S.R.Elliot: Physics of amorphous material, Longman, London and New York(1984)118. Search in Google Scholar

[20] J.Bill, J.Schumacher, K.Müller, S.Schemp, J.Seitz, J.Dürr, H. P.Lamparter, J.Golczewski, J.Peng, H.J.Seifert, F.Aldinger: Z. Metallkd.91(2000)335. Search in Google Scholar

[21] J.Seitz, J.Bill, N.Egger, F.Aldinger: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.16(1996)885.10.1016/0955-2219(96)00007-6 Search in Google Scholar

[22] C.Gérardin, F.Taulelle, D.Bahloul: J. Mater. Chem.7(1997)117. Search in Google Scholar

[23] J.Schumacher, M.Weinmann, J.Bill, F.Aldinger, K.Müller: Chem. Mater.10(1998)13. Search in Google Scholar

[24] S.Trassl, D.Suttor, G.Motz, E.Rössler, G.Ziegler: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.20(2000)215.10.1016/S0955-2219(99)00142-9 Search in Google Scholar

[25] D.Sauter, M.Weinmann, F.Berger, P.Lamparter, Müller, K., F.Aldinger: Chem. Mater.14(2002)2859.10.1021/cm011081g Search in Google Scholar

[26] F.Berger, A.Müller, F.Aldinger, K.Müller: Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.631(2005)355.10.1002/zaac.200400259 Search in Google Scholar

[27] J.Peng: Dissertation, University Stuttgart(2002)123. Search in Google Scholar

[28] J.A.Golczewski, F.Aldinger: J. Non-Crystalline Solids347(2004)204.10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2004.08.241 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2005-11-14
Accepted: 2005-12-02
Published Online: 2013-03-01
Published in Print: 2006-02-01

© 2006, Carl Hanser Verlag, München