Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 1, 2013

Thermodynamic assessment of the Mg–Nd system

Cuiping Guo and Zhenmin Du


The Mg–Nd system was critically assessed by means of the CALPHAD technique. The solution phases (liquid, body-centered cubic, double hexagonal close-packed and hexagonal close-packed) were modeled with the Redlich–Kister equation. The intermetallic compounds Mg41Nd5, Mg3Nd and MgNd, which have a homogeneity range, were treated as the formulae (Mg, Nd)41(Mg, Nd)5, Mg3(Mg, Nd) and Mg(Mg, Nd) by a two-sublattice model with Mg and Nd or Mg on the first sublattice, and Mg and Nd on the second one, respectively. The compound Mg2Nd was treated as a stoichiometric compound. A set of self-consistent thermodynamic parameters of the Mg–Nd system was obtained.

2 Correspondence address: Professor Zhenmin Du, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, P.R. China, Tel./Fax: +861062333772. E-mail:


[1] A.T.Dinsdale: Calphad15(1991)317.10.1016/0364-5916(91)90030-NSearch in Google Scholar

[2] S.Delfino, A.Saccone, R.Ferro: Metall. Trans.A21(1990)2109.Search in Google Scholar

[3] M.Hillert, L.I.Staffansson: Acta Chem. Scand.24(1970)3618.10.3891/acta.chem.scand.24-3618Search in Google Scholar

[4] B.Sundman, J.Agren: J. Phys. Chem. Solids42(1981)297.10.1016/0022-3697(81)90144-XSearch in Google Scholar

[5] J.J.Park, L.L.Wyman: WACD Tech. Rep.57–504(1957)33.Search in Google Scholar

[6] Ye.M.Savitskii, V.F.Terekhova, I.A.Novikova: Zh. Neorg. Khim.3(1958)2138.Search in Google Scholar

[7] N.M.Tikhova, L.A.Afanaseva: Metalloved. Obrab. Met.3(1958)38.Search in Google Scholar

[8] L.L.Rokhlin: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Otd. Tekh. Nauk, Met. Toplivo2(1962)126.Search in Google Scholar

[9] M.E.Drits, Z.A.Sviderskaya, L.L.Rokhlin: Met. Metalloved., Fiz. Khim, Metody. Issled.12(1963)143.Search in Google Scholar

[10] M.S.Beletskii, E.L.Galperin: Fiz. Met. Metalloved.11(1961)698.Search in Google Scholar

[11] M.E.Drits, E.M.Padezhnova, L.S.Guzey: Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Met.1(1978)218.Search in Google Scholar

[12] GschneidnerK.A.Jr.: Rare Earth Alloys, Van Nostrand, Princeton, NJ(1961).Search in Google Scholar

[13] V.I.Evdokimenko, P.I.Kripyakevich: Kristallografiya8(1963)186.Search in Google Scholar

[14] N.F.Lashko, G.I.Morozova: Kristallografiya9(1964)269.Search in Google Scholar

[15] P.I.Kripyakevich, V.I.Evdokimenko: Visn. Lviv. Derzh. Univ., Ser Khim.11(1969)3.Search in Google Scholar

[16] R.R.Joseph, GschneidnerK.A.Jr.: Trans. AIME223(1965)2063.Search in Google Scholar

[17] A.A.Nayeb-Hashemi, J.B.Clark: Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams9(1988)618.10.1007/BF02881965Search in Google Scholar

[18] H.Okamoto: J. Phase Equilibria12(1991)249.10.1007/BF02645728Search in Google Scholar

[19] J.R.Ogren, N.J.Magnani, J.F.Smith: Trans. AIME239(1967)766.Search in Google Scholar

[20] J.E.Pahlman, J.F.Smith: Metall. Trans.1(1972)2423.10.1007/BF02647045Search in Google Scholar

[21] A.K.Niessen, Boer, R.Boom, Chatel, W.C.M.Mattens, A.R.Miedema: Calphad7(1983)51.10.1016/0364-5916(83)90030-5Search in Google Scholar

[22] Yu.A.Frolov, A. P.Bayanov, Yu.A.Afanaslev, S.D.Barabashova: Zh. Fiz. Khim.48(1974)2398.Search in Google Scholar

[23] B.Sundman, B.Jansson, J.-O.Andersson: Calphad9(1985)153.10.1016/0364-5916(85)90021-5Search in Google Scholar

[24] A.Fernandez Guillermet, W.Huang: Z. Metallkd.79(1988)88.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2005-06-09
Accepted: 2005-09-10
Published Online: 2013-03-01
Published in Print: 2006-02-01

© 2006, Carl Hanser Verlag, München