Skip to content
Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 11, 2013

Vacancy–solute interaction in magnesium alloy WE54 during artificial ageing: a positron annihilation spectroscopy study

Fabio Moia, Alberto Calloni, Rafael Ferragut, Alfredo Dupasquier, Carlos Eugenio Macchi, Alberto Somoza and Jian Feng Nie


The vacancy – solute interaction during artificial ageing at 250 °C was studied in the commercial alloy WE54 by coincidence Doppler broadening of the positron annihilation radiation. The results show that in the initial state of ageing positron trapping is weak. Under these conditions, the faint signal comes predominantly from small Zr particles, with minor contributions from vacancy – Nd complexes. Positron trapping increases concomitantly with the formation of the ′- and 1-phases at the onset of precipitation hardening, and becomes very intense at later ageing stages when the 1-phase is formed. The chemical composition in contact with open-volume defects changes after 4 h of ageing with a progressive enrichment in Mg, concomitant with a hardness increase. There is evidence for a prevalence of Nd over Y up to 24 h of ageing and then a prevalence of Y over Nd for 96 h (Y/Nd 3) when the -phase is dominant.

* Correspondence address, Fabio Moia Politecnico di Milano Via Anzani 42, I-22100, Como (CO), Italy Tel.: +39 031 332 7615 Fax: +39 031 332 7617 E-mail:


[1] J.F.Nie, B.C.Muddle: Scripta Mater.40 (1999) 1089.Search in Google Scholar

[2] J.F.Nie, B.C.Muddle: Acta Mater.48 (2000) 1691.Search in Google Scholar

[3] C.Antion, P.Donnadieu, F.Perrard, A.Deschamps, C.Tassin, A.Pisch: Acta Mater.51 (2003) 5335.Search in Google Scholar

[4] C.Antion, P.Donnadieu, C.Tassin, A.Pisch: Phil. Mag.86 (2006) 2797.Search in Google Scholar

[5] P.Mengucci, G.Barucca, G.Riontino, D.Lussana, M.Massazza, R.Ferragut, E.H.Aly: Mater. Sci. Engn. A479 (2008) 37.Search in Google Scholar

[6] I.J.Polmear: Light Alloys: From Traditional Alloys to Nanocrystals. 4th Ed, Butterworth–Heinemann, Oxford (2006).Search in Google Scholar

[7] C.E.Macchi, A.Somoza, J.F.Nie: phys. stat. sol. (c)4 (2007) 3538.Search in Google Scholar

[8] A.Dupasquier, G.Kögel, A.Somoza: Acta Mater.52 (2004) 4707.Search in Google Scholar

[9] A.Dupasquier, R.Ferragut, M.M.Iglesias, M.Massazza, G.Riontino, P.Mengucci, G.Barucca, C.E.Macchi, A.Somoza: Phil. Mag.87 (2007) 3297.Search in Google Scholar

[10] M.J.Puska, P.Lanki, R.M.Nieminen: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter1 (1989) 6081.Search in Google Scholar

[11] E.F.Emley: Principles of MagnesiumTechnology, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1966).Search in Google Scholar

[12] M.Qian, D.H.StJohn, M.T.Frost: Scripta Mater.46 (2002) 649.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2008-8-26
Accepted: 2008-12-18
Published Online: 2013-06-11
Published in Print: 2009-03-01

© 2009, Carl Hanser Verlag, München