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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 11, 2013

Thermodynamics of reactions and phase transformations at interfaces and surfaces

Lars P. H. Jeurgens, Zumin Wang and Eric J. Mittemeijer

Abstract

Recent advances in the thermodynamic description of reactions and phase transformations at interfaces between metals, semiconductors, oxides and the ambient have been reviewed. Unanticipated nanostructures, characterized by the presence of phases at interfaces and surfaces which are unstable as bulk phases, can be thermodynamically stabilized due to the dominance of energy contributions of interfaces and surfaces in the total Gibbs energy of the system. The basic principles and practical guidelines to construct realistic, practically and generally applicable thermodynamic model descriptions of microstructural evolutions at interfaces and surfaces have been outlined. To this end, expressions for the estimation of the involved interface and surface energies have been dealt with extensively as a function of, e. g., the film composition and the growth temperature. Model predictions on transformations at interfaces (surfaces) in nanosized systems have been compared with corresponding experimental observations for, in particular, ultrathin (< 5 nm) oxide overgrowths on metal surfaces, as well as the metal-induced crystallization of semi-conductors in contact with various metals.


* Correspondence address, Dr. Lars P.H. Jeurgens Max Planck Institute for Metals Research Heisenbergstrasse 3, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany Tel.: +49 711 689 3485 Fax: +49 711 689 3312 E-mail:

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Received: 2008-7-14
Accepted: 2009-7-29
Published Online: 2013-06-11
Published in Print: 2009-10-01

© 2009, Carl Hanser Verlag, München