A novel approach to strongly suppress artifacts in radiography and computed tomography caused by the effect of diffuse background signals (“backlighting”) of 2D X-ray detectors is suggested. Depending on the detector geometry the mechanism may be different, either based on the optical scattering by the fluorescent screen materials into optical detection devices or Compton or X-ray fluorescence scattering by the detector components. Consequently, these erroneous intensity portions result in locally different violations of Lambert–Beer's law in single projections (radiographs).
When used as input data for computed tomography these violations are directly observed via modulation of the projected mass as a function of the rotation phase and the sample's aspect ratio (dynamics). The magnitude of the diffuse background signal depends on the detector area covered by the projected sample. They are more pronounced the smaller the shadowed area and the stronger the total attenuation. This implies that the reconstruction suffers from additional anisotropic artifacts caused by elongated sample structures.
This issue is studied simply by absorption of flat plates in a conventional laboratory radiography set-up and at a synchrotron radiation facility. In the latter case beam hardening artifacts can be excluded due to the monochromatic radiation. The proposed correction procedure requires simple integral intensity offsets as a constant (non-local) light scattering mechanism is assumed.
 I.Manke, C.Hartnig, N.Kardjilov, A.Hilger, A.Lange, A.Kupsch, J.Banhart: MP Mater. Test.51 (2009) 219.Search in Google Scholar
 A.Rack, T.Weitkamp, M.Riotte, D.Grigoriev, T.Rack, L.Helfen, T.Baumbach, R.Dietsch, T.Holz, M.Krämer, F.Siewert, M.Meduna, P.Cloetens, E.Ziegler: J. Synchrotron Rad.17 (2010) 496. 20567082; 10.1107/S0909049510011623Search in Google Scholar
© 2012, Carl Hanser Verlag, München