Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 8, 2013

Weldability and joining characteristics of AISI 420/AISI 1020 steels using friction welding

I. Kırık and N. Ozdemir

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the welding characteristics of joints of martensitic stainless steel to medium carbon steel using friction welding. Martensitic stainless steel and commercial medium carbon steel each of 12 mm diameter were used to fabricate the joints. The friction welding tests were carried out using a direct-drive friction welding machine, which was designed and manufactured for this purpose by us. After friction welding, in order to determine the microstructural changes that occurred, the interface regions of the welded specimens were examined by means of scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Microhardness and tensile tests were conducted to determine the mechanical properties of the welded specimens. The experimental results indicated that martensitic stainless steel could be joined to AISI medium carbon steel using the friction welding technique and for achieving a weld with sufficient strength, the friction time has to be held as short as possible, while the rotational speed, friction and forging pressure have to be as high as possible.


c Correspondence address, Assist. Prof. Dr. İhsan Kırık, Bitlis Eren University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Dept. of Mech. Engineering, 13000, Bitlis, Turkey, Tel.: +904342283377/193, Fax: +904342283378, E-mail:

References

[1] ASM Metals Handbook: Properties and selection of metals, Vol. 1, USA (1981) 40831. Search in Google Scholar

[2] BrooksJ.A., LippoldJ.C.: Selection of wrought austenitic stainless steels, ASM Metal Handbooks, Vol. 6, USA (1993) 456469. Search in Google Scholar

[3] LippoldJ.C., KotechiD.J.: Welding metallurgy and weldability of stainless steels, Wiley-Interscience (2005). Search in Google Scholar

[4] CastroR.J., De CadenetJ.J.: Welding metallurgy of stainless steel and heat-resisting steels, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1974). Search in Google Scholar

[5] AranA., TemelM.A.: The production, use and standarts of stainless steels, Saritas Technical Publication, Num. 1, 2nd Ed, Istanbul (2004). Search in Google Scholar

[6] DemoJ.: Structure and constitution of wrought ferritic stainless steels, In Handbook of Stainless Steels, (1977). 10.1520/STP619-EB Search in Google Scholar

[7] ErdoğanM.: Materials science and engineering materials, Vol. 1, Ankara (2002) 326331. Search in Google Scholar

[8] AnıkS.: Elektrik Ark kaynağı, Gedik Holding Yayınları, İstanbul (1991). Search in Google Scholar

[9] ASM Metals Handbook, ASM International, Materials Park, OH. P. 8. thed. Vol. 8 (1973) 424. Search in Google Scholar

[10] OzdemirN.: Mater. Lett.59 (2005) 25042509. 10.1016/j.matlet.2005.03.034 Search in Google Scholar

[11] KırıkI., OzdemirN., TekerT.: International Iron & Steel Symposium, Vol. 2, Karabuk, Turkey (2012) 826831. Search in Google Scholar

[12] CelikS., ErsozluI.: Mater. Des.30 (2009) 970976. 10.1016/j.matdes.2008.06.070 Search in Google Scholar

[13] Celikyürekİ., TorunO., BaksanB.: Mater. Sci. Engin. A528 (2011) 85308536. 10.1016/j.msea.2011.08.021 Search in Google Scholar

[14] MurtiK.G.K., SunderesanS.: Met. Const.15 (1983) 331. Search in Google Scholar

[15] MortensenK.S., JensenC.G., ConradL.C., LoseeF.: Weld. J. Res. Suppl. (2001), 268. Search in Google Scholar

[16] YılmazM., ÇölM., AcetM.: Mater. Charact.49 (2002) 421429. 10.1016/S1044-5803(03)00051-2 Search in Google Scholar

[17] SahinM., AkataH.E.: Indust. Lubricat. Tribol.56 (2004) 122129. 10.1108/00368790410524074 Search in Google Scholar

[18] ÖzdemirN., SarsılmazF., HasçalıkA.: Mater. Des.28 (2007) 301307. 10.1016/j.matdes.2005.06.011 Search in Google Scholar

[19] SathyanarayanaV.V., Madhusudhan ReddyG., MohandasT.: J. Mater. Process. Technol. (2005) 12837. 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.05.017 Search in Google Scholar

[20] DobrovidovA.N., EvtyushkinYu.A., EgorovV.I.: Met. Sci. Heat Treat.17 (1975) 787789. 10.1007/BF00703069 Search in Google Scholar

[21] IshibashiA., EzoeS., TanakaS.: Bulletin of the JSME, 26 (216) (1983) 1080. 10.1299/jsme1958.26.1080 Search in Google Scholar

[22] SathiyaP., AravindanS., Noorul HaqA.: Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol.26 (2005) 505. 10.1007/s00170-004-2018-6 Search in Google Scholar

[23] AnanthapadmanabanD., Rao SeshagiriV. in: AbrahamN., Rao PrasadK.: Mater. Des.30 (2009) 26422646. Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2012-9-19
Accepted: 2012-11-28
Published Online: 2013-01-08
Published in Print: 2013-08-08

© 2013, Carl Hanser Verlag, München