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Surface tension of a liquid metal–oxygen system using a multilayer free energy model

Risto Pajarre, Pertti Koukkari and Toshihiro Tanaka

A constrained free energy model for an interfacial system of interacting layers is derived in the regular solution and Redlich–Kister formalisms. Composition and interfacial energies are solved using a model based on the minimisation of the total free energy of the system with a fixed interfacial area. As example cases iron–oxygen and copper–oxygen surfaces and liquid–liquid metal alloy interfaces are studied.


c Correspondence address, Risto Pajarre, VTT, Biologinkuja 7, Espoo, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, Finland, Tel.: +358-20-722 6332, Fax: +358-20-722 7026, E-mail:

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Received: 2012-9-25
Accepted: 2012-12-29
Published Online: 2013-02-15
Published in Print: 2013-08-08

© 2013, Carl Hanser Verlag, München