Skip to content
Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 5, 2014

Effect of thixoforming on morphological changes in iron-bearing intermetallics and mechanical properties of Al–Si–Cu alloys

Mohammad Mahdi Tavakoli, Saeed G. Shabestari and Mohsen Ghanbari


Al–Si–Cu casting alloys are widely used in manufacturing automotive parts. Semisolid forming of these alloys can eliminate major problems in their die casting. In this study, low superheated melt was employed to modify the microstructure and to produce non-dendritic A380 alloy. Melt was poured on a cooling slope plate at 615°C and ingots were obtained through permanent mold casting. They were thixoformed using a hydraulic press after holding at 570°C for 15 min to yield a microstructure having α-Al globules, Si particles, and modified β-phase intermetallic compounds. Image analysis showed that the size and distribution of α-Al phases and iron-bearing intermetallics were modified by using semisolid processing. The results also showed that cooling slope casting and thixoforming have improved the mechanical properties including tensile strength, elongation, and hardness of the high iron content A380 alloys.

* Correspondence address, Mr. Mohammad Mahdi Tavakoli, Center of Excellence for High Strength Alloys Technology (CEHSAT), School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Narmak, 16846, Tehran, Iran, Tel.: +982166163635, Fax: +982166163635, E-mail:


[1] M.C.Flemings: Met. Trans.A22 (1991) 957. 10.1007/BF02661090Search in Google Scholar

[2] C.G.Kang, J.S.Choi, K.H.Kim: Mater. Process. Technol.88 (1999) 159. 10.1016/S0924-0136(98)00383-5Search in Google Scholar

[3] M.Karamouz, M.Azarbarmas, M.Emamy, M.Alipour: Mater. Sci. Eng.A582 (2013) 409. 10.1016/j.msea.2013.05.088Search in Google Scholar

[4] Q.D.Qin, Y.G.Zhao, P.J.Cong, W.Zhou, B.Xu: Mater. Sci. Eng.A444 (2007) 99. 10.1016/j.msea.2006.08.074Search in Google Scholar

[5] M.D.Cameron, A. TaylorJohn, K.Dahle: Scr. Mater.A53 (2005) 955. 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2005.06.028Search in Google Scholar

[6] Y.Birol: Mater. Sci. Forum519 (2006) 1919. 10.4028/ in Google Scholar

[7] E.Parshizfard, S.G.Shabestari: J. Alloys Compd.509 (2011) 9654. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2011.07.068Search in Google Scholar

[8] Y.Birol: J. Mater. Process. Technol.207 (2008) 200. 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.12.071Search in Google Scholar

[9] S.G.Shabestari, M.Ghanbari: J. Alloys Compd.508 (2010) 2042. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.08.043Search in Google Scholar

[10] S.Gencalp, N.Saklakoglu: Mater. Manuf. Processes25 (2010) 943. 10.1080/10426911003636944Search in Google Scholar

[11] M.Shiomi, D.Takano, K.Osakada, M.Otsu: Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf.43 (2003) 229. 10.1080/10426911003636944Search in Google Scholar

[12] A.Griger, V.Stefaniay: J. Mater. Sci.31 (1996) 6645. 10.1007/BF00356274Search in Google Scholar

[13] V.Abouei, H.Saghafian, S.G.Shabestari, M.Zarghami: Mater. Des.31 (2010) 3518. 10.1016/j.matdes.2010.02.015Search in Google Scholar

[14] S.G.Shabestari, S.Ghodrat: Can. Metall. Q.45 (2006) 207. 10.1179/000844306794408922Search in Google Scholar

[15] R.N.Lumley, R.G.O'Donnell, D.R.Gunasegaram, T.Kittel-Sherri, M.Gershenzon, A.CYob, I.J.Polmear: Metal. Sci. Technol.26 (2008) 211.Search in Google Scholar

[16] S.Gencalp, N.Saklakoglu: Arabian J. Sci. Eng.37 (2012) 2255.Search in Google Scholar

[17] K.N.Campo, C.T.W.Proni, E.J.Zoqui: Mater. Charact.85 (2013) 26. 10.1007/s13369-012-0316-0Search in Google Scholar

[18] L.Rogal, J.Dutkiewicz, H.V.Atkinson, L.Lityńska-Dobrzyńsk, T.Czeppe, M.Modigell: Mater. Sci. Eng.A580 (2013) 362. 10.1016/j.msea.2013.04.078Search in Google Scholar

[19] N.Saklakoğlu, Y.Birol, S.Kasman: Solid State Phenom.141 (2008) 575. 10.4028/ in Google Scholar

[20] T.Motegi, F.Tanabe, E.Sugiura: Mater. Sci. Forum396 (2002) 203. 10.4028/ in Google Scholar

[21] M.M.Tavakkoli, S.M.Abbasi: Mater. Des.46 (2013) 573. 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.11.002Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2014-02-17
Accepted: 2014-07-29
Published Online: 2014-12-05
Published in Print: 2014-12-08

© 2014, Carl Hanser Verlag, München