Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 15, 2015

On the widths of the hysteresis of mechanically and thermally induced martensitic transformations in Ni–Ti-based shape memory alloys

Stefanie Jaeger, Burkhard Maaß, Jan Frenzel, Marvin Schmidt, Johannes Ullrich, Stefan Seelecke, Andreas Schütze, Oliver Kastner and Gunther Eggeler

Abstract

It is well known that a good crystallographic compatibility between austenite and martensite in Ni–Ti-based shape memory alloys results in narrow thermal hystereses (e.g. Ball and James, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal., 1987). The present work suggests that a good crystallographic fit is moreover associated with a small mechanical hysteresis width, observed during a forward and reverse stress-induced transformation. Furthermore, shape memory alloys with a good crystallographic fit show smaller transformation strains. The results obtained in the present study suggest that these correlations are generic and apply to binary Ni–Ti (with varying Ni contents) and quaternary Ni–Ti–Cu–X (X = Cr, Fe, V) alloys. For binary Ni–Ti, it was observed that Ni-rich compositions (good lattice fit) show a lower accummulation of irreversible strains during pseudoelastic cycling.


*Correspondence address, Dr.-Ing. Jan Frenzel, Institut für Werkstoffe, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Fakultät Maschinenbau, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany, Tel.: +4923422547, Fax: +4923414235, E-mail:

References

[1] K.Otsuka, C.M.Waymann: Shape Memory Materials, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1998). Search in Google Scholar

[2] E.Hornbogen, in: W.G.J.Bunk (Ed.), Advanced Structural and Functional Materials, Springer Verlag, Köln (1991) 133. 10.1007/978-3-642-49261-7_5 Search in Google Scholar

[3] D.R.Gaskell: Introduction to the thermodynamics of materials, Taylor & Francis, New York (2008). Search in Google Scholar

[4] H.C.Tong, C.M.Wayman: Acta Metall. Mater. 23 (1975) 209. 10.1016/0001-6160(75)90185-6 Search in Google Scholar

[5] J.Khalil-Allafi, A.Dlouhy, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 50 (2002) 4255. 10.1016/S1359-6454(01)00385-8 Search in Google Scholar

[6] J.Michutta, C.Somsen, A.Yawny, A.Dlouhy, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 54, (2006) 3525. 10.1016/j.actamat.2006.03.036 Search in Google Scholar

[7] T.H.Nam, T.Saburi, K.Shimizu: Mater. Trans. JIM31 (1990) 959. 10.2320/matertrans1989.31.1050 Search in Google Scholar

[8] J.Frenzel, J.Pfetzing, K.Neuking, G.Eggeler: Mater. Sci. Eng. A481 (2008) 635. 10.1016/j.msea.2007.03.115 Search in Google Scholar

[9] J.Van Humbeeck: Mater. Sci. Eng. A273–275 (1999) 134. Search in Google Scholar

[10] T.Duerig, A.Pelton, D.Stöckel: Mater. Sci. Eng. A273–275 (1999) 149. Search in Google Scholar

[11] G.Tan, Y.N.Liu, P.Sittner, M.Saunders: Scr. Mater. 50 (2004) 193. 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2003.09.018 Search in Google Scholar

[12] A.Schäfer: Dr.-Ing. thesis, Werkstoffwissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zur Bildung von Wachstum von Martensit in NiTi-Formgedächtnislegierungen unter Spannung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum (2010). Search in Google Scholar

[13] P.Sittner, Y.Liu, V.Novak: J. Mech. Phys. Solids53 (2005) 1719. 10.1016/j.jmps.2005.03.005 Search in Google Scholar

[14] S.Eucken, T.W.Duerig: Acta Metall. Mater. 37 (1989) 2245. 10.1016/0001-6160(89)90151-X Search in Google Scholar

[15] A.Yawny, M.Sade, G.Eggeler: Z. Metallkd. 96 (2005) 608. 10.3139/146.101078 Search in Google Scholar

[16] T.Simon, A.Kröger, C.Somsen, A.Dlouhy, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 58 (2010) 1850. 10.1016/j.actamat.2009.11.028 Search in Google Scholar

[17] R.Delville, B.Malard, J.Pilch, P.Sittner, D.Schryvers: Int. J. Plast. 27 (2011) 282. 10.1016/j.ijplas.2010.05.005 Search in Google Scholar

[18] J.M.Ball, R.D.James: Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 100 (1987) 13. 10.1007/BF00281246 Search in Google Scholar

[19] J.M.Ball, R.D.James: Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A338 (1992) 389. 10.1098/rsta.1992.0013 Search in Google Scholar

[20] R.D.James, Z.Zhang, in: L.Manosa, A.Planes, A.Saxena (Eds.), Magnetism and Structure in Functional Materials, Vol. 79, Springer, New York (2005) 159. 10.1007/3-540-31631-0_9 Search in Google Scholar

[21] K.Bhattacharya: Microstructure of Martensite: Why It Forms and How It Gives Rise to the Shape-Memory Effect, Oxford University Press, Oxford (2004). Search in Google Scholar

[22] J.Cui, Y.S.Chu, O.O.Famodu, Y.Furuya, J.Hattrick-Simpers, R.D.James, A.Ludwig, S.Thienhaus, M.Wuttig, Z.Y.Zhang, I.Takeuchi: Nature Mater. 5 (2006) 286. 10.1038/nmat1593 Search in Google Scholar

[23] R.Delville, S.Kasinathan, Z.Y.Zhang, J.Van Humbeeck, R.D.James, D.Schryvers: Philos. Mag. 90 (2010) 177. 10.1080/14786430903074755 Search in Google Scholar

[24] J.Frenzel, E.P.George, A.Dlouhy, C.Somsen, M.F.X.Wagner, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 58 (2010) 3444. 10.1016/j.actamat.2010.02.019 Search in Google Scholar

[25] J.Frenzel, A.Wieczorek, I.Opahle, B.Maaß, R.Drautz, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 90 (2015) 213. 10.1016/j.actamat.2015.02.029 Search in Google Scholar

[26] S.D.Prokoshkin, A.V.Korotitskiy, V.Brailovski, S.Turenne, I.Y.Khmelevskaya, I.B.Trubitsyna: Acta Mater. 52 (2004) 4479. 10.1016/j.actamat.2004.06.007 Search in Google Scholar

[27] C.Grossmann, J.Frenzel, V.Sampath, T.Depka, G.Eggeler: Metall. Mater. Trans. A40 (2009) 2530. 10.1007/s11661-009-9958-2 Search in Google Scholar

[28] M.Rahim, J.Frenzel, M.Frotscher, J.Pfetzing-Micklich, R.Steegmüller, M.Wohlschlögel, H.Mughrabi, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 61 (2013) 3667. 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.02.054 Search in Google Scholar

[29] G.Eggeler, E.Hornbogen, A.Yawny, A.Heckmann, M.Wagner: Mater. Sci. Eng. A378 (2004) 24. 10.1016/j.msea.2003.10.327 Search in Google Scholar

[30] K.C.Atli, B.E.Franco, I.Karaman, D.Gaydosh, R.D.Noebe: Mater. Sci. Eng. A574 (2013) 9. 10.1016/j.msea.2013.02.035 Search in Google Scholar

[31] C.Grossmann, J.Frenzel, V.Sampath, T.Depka, A.Oppenkowski, C.Somsen, K.Neuking, W.Theisen, G.Eggeler: Materialwiss. Werkst. Techn. 39 (2008) 499. 10.1002/mawe.200800271 Search in Google Scholar

[32] J.Frenzel, J.A.Burow, E.J.Payton, S.Rezanka, G.Eggeler: Adv. Eng. Mater. 13 (2011) 256. 10.1002/adem.201000285 Search in Google Scholar

[33] S.Jaeger: Dr.-Ing thesis, Modellierung thermisch induzierter Martensit-Austenit Umwandlungen in NiTi-Legierungen, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum (2014). Search in Google Scholar

[34] J.Burow, E.Prokofiev, C.Somsen, J.Frenzel, R.Z.Valiev, G.Eggeler: Mater. Sci. Forum584–586 (2008) 852. Search in Google Scholar

[35] J.Zhang, R.Rynko, J.Frenzel, C.Somsen, G.Eggeler: Int. J. Mater. Res. 105 (2014) 156. 10.3139/146.110991 Search in Google Scholar

[36] J.Frenzel, K.Neuking, C.Haberland, G.Eggeler, in: SMST 2007: Proc. Int. Conf. Shape Memory and Superelastic Technologies, ASM International, Materials Park (2008) 131. Search in Google Scholar

[37] B.Maaß: Dr.-Ing thesis, Strukturbildungsprozesse bei der Herstellung und funktionelle Eigenschaften pseudoelastischer Ni-Ti-Cu-(X)-Formgedächtnislegierungen, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum (2012). Search in Google Scholar

[38] J.Olbricht, A.Yawny, J.L.Pelegrina, A.Dlouhy, G.Eggeler: Metall. Mater. Trans. A42 (2011) 2556. 10.1007/s11661-011-0679-y Search in Google Scholar

[39] M.Wagner, T.S.Sawaguchi, G.Kaustrater, D.Höffken, G.Eggeler: Mater. Sci. Eng. A378 (2004) 105. 10.1016/j.msea.2003.11.058 Search in Google Scholar

[40] S.Gollerthan, M.L.Young, A.Baruj, J.Frenzel, W.W.Schmahl, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 57 (2009) 1015. 10.1016/j.actamat.2008.10.055 Search in Google Scholar

[41] A.Schaefer, M.F.X.Wagner, J.L.Pelegrina, J.Olbricht, G.Eggeler: Adv. Eng. Mater. 12 (2010) 453. 10.1002/adem.201000063 Search in Google Scholar

[42] M.F.X.Wagner, A.Schaefer: Scr. Mater. 63 (2010) 863. 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2010.06.038 Search in Google Scholar

[43] R.Zarnetta, P.J.S.Buenconsejo, A.Savan, S.Thienhaus, A.Ludwig: Intermetallics26 (2012) 98. 10.1016/j.intermet.2012.03.044 Search in Google Scholar

[44] F.Khelfaoui, G.Guenin: Mater. Sci. Eng. A355 (2003) 292. 10.1016/S0921-5093(03)00068-6 Search in Google Scholar

[45] T.Waitz, V.Kazykhanov, H.P.Karnthaler: Acta Mater. 52 (2004) 137. 10.1016/j.actamat.2003.08.036 Search in Google Scholar

[46] M.L.Young, M.F.X.Wagner, J.Frenzel, W.W.Schmahl, G.Eggeler: Acta Mater. 58 (2010) 2344. 10.1016/j.actamat.2009.12.021 Search in Google Scholar

[47] N.G.Jones, D.Dye: Intermetallics32 (2013) 239. 10.1016/j.intermet.2012.07.020 Search in Google Scholar

[48] J.C.Fisher, D.Turnbull: Acta Metall. Mater. 1 (1953) 310. 10.1016/0001-6160(53)90007-8 Search in Google Scholar

[49] J.M.Ball, C.Chu, R.D.James: J. Phys. IV5 (1995) 245. 10.1051/jp4:1995834 Search in Google Scholar

[50] R.Abeyaratne, C.Chu, R.D.James: Philos. Mag. A73 (1996) 457. 10.1080/01418619608244394 Search in Google Scholar

[51] M.F.X.Wagner, W.Windl: Acta Mater. 56 (2008) 6232. 10.1016/j.actamat.2008.08.043 Search in Google Scholar

[52] S.Fähler, U.K.Rößler, O.Kastner, J.Eckert, G.Eggeler, H.Emmerich, P.Entel, S.Müller, E.Quandt, K.Albe: Adv. Eng. Mater. 14 (2012) 10. 10.1002/adem.201100178 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2015-03-04
Accepted: 2015-06-05
Published Online: 2015-10-15
Published in Print: 2015-10-14

© 2015, Carl Hanser Verlag, München