Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 5, 2016

Effect of green preform composition, temperature and duration conditions on microstructure and performance of Al-5Ti-0.2C master alloy

Kateryna Svynarenko, Jinchuan Jie, Yubo Zhang, Valentyna Kutsova and Tingju Li

Abstract

Al-5Ti-0.2C master alloy was prepared via a simple combustion synthesis approach. By means of different smelting parameters, changes in its microstructure and refining performance were studied. Under short holding conditions (5 – 10 min) increase of Al content in the preform from 10 % to 40 % results in more numerous carbon-rich particles in the master alloy and better refinement performance. Nevertheless, preparation of refiner with satisfactory refining ability requires longer holding conditions (30 min). With prolonged holding time after the combustion, alloys possess similar microstructure and refining efficacy regardless of the chemical composition of the preform. Decrease of smelting temperature from 1 250 °C to 950 °C results in noticeable deterioration of the master alloy refining performance. The reasons, which impede successful utilization of primary benefits provided by combustion reaction, are discussed.


*Correspondence address, Jinchuan Jie, PhD, School of Material Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, Liaoning 116024, China. Tel: +86 (0)411 84706220, Fax: +86 (0)411 84706220, E-mail:

References

[1] G.S.V.Kumar, B.S.Murty, M.Chakraborty: J. Alloys Compd.396 (2005) 143. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2004.12.039Search in Google Scholar

[2] A.Banerji, W.Reif: Metall. Trans. A17 (1986) 2127. 10.1007/BF02645911Search in Google Scholar

[3] H.M.Ding, X.F.Liu, L.N.Yu, G.Q.Zhao: Scr. Mater.57 (2007) 575. 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2007.06.028Search in Google Scholar

[4] T.Wang, T.Gao, J.F.Nie, P.T.Li, X.F.Liu: Mater. Charact.83 (2013) 13. 10.1016/j.matchar.2013.06.002Search in Google Scholar

[5] A.Banerji, W.Reif: J. Mater. Sci.29 (1994) 1958. 10.1007/BF00351320Search in Google Scholar

[6] X.F.Liu, Z.Q.Wang, Z.G.Zhang, X.F.Bian: Mater. Sci. Eng. A332 (2002) 70. 10.1016/S0921-5093(01)01739-7Search in Google Scholar

[7] A.Banerji, Q.Feng, W.Reif: Metall. Mater. Trans. A20 (1989) 564. 10.1007/BF02653937Search in Google Scholar

[8] Z.Fan, Y.Wang, Y.Zhang, T.Qin, X.R.Zhou, G.E.Thompson, T.Pennycook, T.Hashimoto: Acta Mater.84 (2015) 292. 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.10.055Search in Google Scholar

[9] L.Sturz, A.Drevermann, C.Pickmann, G.Zimmermann: Mater. Sci. Eng. A413–414 (2005) 379. 10.1016/j.msea.2005.08.199Search in Google Scholar

[10] P.Mohanty, J.Gruzleski: Acta Mater.44 (1996) 3749. 10.1016/1359-6454(96)00021-3Search in Google Scholar

[11] H.Ghadimi, S.H.Nedjhad, B.Eghbali: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China23 (2013) 1563. 10.1016/s1003-6326(13)62631-xSearch in Google Scholar

[12] H.L.Zhao, J.S.Yue, Y.Gao, K.R.Weng: Rare Met.32 (2013) 12. 10.1007/s12598-013-0021-5Search in Google Scholar

[13] E.Z.Wang, T.Gao, J.F.Nie, X.F.Liu: J. Alloys Compd.594 (2014) 7. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.01.145Search in Google Scholar

[14] X.Liu, P.Li, S.Liu, L.Zhang: Mater. Des.47 (2013) 522. 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.12.033Search in Google Scholar

[15] G.S.V.Kumar, B.S.Murty, M.Chakraborty: J. Alloys Compd.472 (2009) 112. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.04.095Search in Google Scholar

[16] A.Cibula: J. Inst. Met.76 (1949) 321.Search in Google Scholar

[17] A.Cibula: J. Inst. Met.80 (1951).Search in Google Scholar

[18] P.Cooper, A.Barber, in: International Melt Quality Workshop, Prague, Czech Republic (2003).Search in Google Scholar

[19] G.P.Jones, J.Pearson: Metall. Trans. B7 (1976) 223. 10.1007/BF02654921Search in Google Scholar

[20] M.Lee, B.Terry, P.Grieveson: Metall. Trans. B24 (1993) 947. 10.1007/BF02656515Search in Google Scholar

[21] C.Limmaneevichitr, W.Eidhed: Mater. Sci. Eng. A349 (2003) 197. 10.1016/S0921-5093(02)00751-7Search in Google Scholar

[22] K.Landry, S.Kalogeropoulou, N.Eustathopoulos: Mater. Sci. Eng. A254 (1998) 99. 10.1016/S0921-5093(98)00759-XSearch in Google Scholar

[23] E.A.Pastukhov, V.P.Chentsov, A.V.Kiselev, L.E.Bodrova, A.V.Dolmatov, E.A.Popova, S.A.Petrova, R.G.Zacharov, in: Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Mathematical modeling and computer simulation in materials technologies1 (2006) 178.Search in Google Scholar

[24] A.Kennedy, D.Weston, M.Jones: Mater. Sci. Eng. A316 (2001) 32. 10.1016/S0921-5093(01)01228-XSearch in Google Scholar

[25] D.Vallauri, I.C.A.Adrian, A.Chrysanthou: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.28 (2008) 1697. 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.11.011Search in Google Scholar

[26] Y.Choi, S.W.Rhee: J. Mater. Sci.28 (1993) 6669. 10.1007/BF00356413Search in Google Scholar

[27] P.Li, E.G.Kandalova, V.I.Nikitin, A.G.Makarenko, A.R.Luts, Y.F.Zhang: Scr. Mater.49 (2003) 699. 10.1016/s1359-6462(03)00402-0Search in Google Scholar

[28] M.S.Song, M.X.Zhang, S.G.Zhang, B.Huang, J.G.Li: Mater. Sci. Eng. A473 (2008) 166. 10.1016/j.msea.2007.03.086Search in Google Scholar

[29] P.Li, E.G.Kandalova, V.I.Nikitin: Mater. Lett.59 (2005) 2545. 10.1016/j.matlet.2005.03.043Search in Google Scholar

[30] X.Liu, H.Hao: J. Alloys Compd.623 (2015) 266. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.10.131Search in Google Scholar

[31] Y.L.Li, H.K.Feng, F.R.Cao, Y.B.Chen, L.Y.Gong: Mater. Sci. Eng. A487 (2008) 518. 10.1016/j.msea.2007.10.027Search in Google Scholar

[32] C.Curfs, I.G.Cano, G.B.M.Vaughan, X.Turrillas, A.Kvick, M.A.Rodrıguez: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.22 (2002) 1039. 10.1016/S0955-2219(01)00414-9Search in Google Scholar

[33] B.Yang, G.Chen, J.Zhang: Mater. Des.22 (2001) 645. 10.1016/S0261-3069(01)00029-2Search in Google Scholar

[34] K.A.Jackson: Kinetic Processes: Crystal Growth, Diffusion, and Phase Transformations in Materials, John Wiley & Sons (2006).Search in Google Scholar

[35] A.R.Kennedy, D.P.Weston, M.I.Jones, C.Enel: Scr. Mater.42 (2000) 1187. 10.1016/S1359-6462(00)00356-0Search in Google Scholar

[36] M.S.Song, B.Huang, M.X.Zhang, J.G.Li: Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater.27 (2009) 584. 10.1016/j.ijrmhm.2008.09.009Search in Google Scholar

[37] Y.Du, Y.A.Chang, B.Y.Huang, W.P.Gong, Z.P.Jin, H.H.Xu, Z.H.Yuan, Y.Liu, Y.H.He, F.Y.Xie: Mater. Sci. Eng. A363 (2003) 140. 10.1016/S0921-5093(03)00624-5Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2015-05-04
Accepted: 2015-10-07
Published Online: 2016-02-05
Published in Print: 2016-02-10

© 2016, Carl Hanser Verlag, München