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Microhardness of decorative gold coatings obtained from gold complex based on mercaptotriazole: Comparison with cyanide

Silvana B. Dimitrijević, Mirjana M. Rajčić-Vujasinović, Dejan D. Trifunović, Biserka T. Trumić, Zoran M. Stević and Stevan P. Dimitrijević

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of current density, temperature, pH and concentration of ethylhexilsulfonate additive on the microhardness of electrochemically deposited gold decorative coatings obtained from a conventional cyanide electrolyte and gold complex based on mercaptotriazole. Mechanically and chemically prepared brass samples were first nickeled from acidic electrolyte. Nickel was a substrate deposit, and then decorative gold coatings were deposited from two types of electrolytes at different current densities and temperatures. Decorative gold coatings were deposited from auri-mercaptotrizole at different pH values and from electrolyte with and without the ethylhexilsulfonate additive. The microhardness of the gold coating was measured using the Knoop method. The highest values of microhardness were obtained at a current density of 1 A dm−2 at room temperature for both electrolytes. The microhardness of the gold coatings from cyanide electrolytes was HK = 740 MPa, and the coatings obtained from auri-mercaptotriazole HK = 660 MPa. This difference is not relevant for decorative purposes. The highest values of microhardness, HK = 660 MPa, were obtained at pH = 9 from the gold complex based on mercaptotriazole without the additive.


*Correspondence address, Silvana Dimitrijević, PhD, Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor, Zeleni bulevar 35, 19210 Bor, Serbia, Tel.: +381 606277888, Fax: +381 30435175, E-mail:

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Received: 2015-12-08
Accepted: 2016-02-29
Published Online: 2016-08-31
Published in Print: 2016-07-14

© 2016, Carl Hanser Verlag, München