Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 31, 2016

Gel-casting of porous alumina ceramics with high mechanical strength

Samaneh Ghofrani, Touradj Ebadzadeh and Babak Raissi


Alumina foams with high mechanical strength were prepared by means of gel-casting. After preparation of gel-cast raw segments, they were dried in a controlled humidity chamber. Samples were sintered at a temperature of 1 350 °C held for 2 h. The effects of additives and alumina loading on the initial suspension behavior, ultimate porosity, relative density, and mechanical strength of sintered samples were investigated by means of different techniques including densitometry, scanning electron microscopy and compressive strength measurements. Results showed that the optimal conditions for the preparation of desired alumina foam are 0.03 wt.% of sodium dodecyl sulfate, 1 g L−1 of initiator and 8.3 mL L−1 of catalyst for suspensions with 0.8 – 1 wt.% of Tiron and 70 % of alumina loading. The value of compressive strength was measured as high as 25.62 MPa for alumina foam with very low relative density of 19.27 %.

*Correspondence address, Samaneh Ghofrani, Ceramic Department, Materials and Energy Research Center, P.O. Box 14155-4777, Tehran, Iran, Tel.:+98 9121901507, E-mail:


[1] M.Scheffler, P.Colombo: Cellular Ceramics: Structure, Manufacturing, Properties and Applications, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim (2005). 10.1002/3527606696 Search in Google Scholar

[2] A.R.Studart, U.T.Gonzenbach, E.Tervoort, L.J.Gauckler: J. Am. Ceram. Soc.89 (2006) 1771. 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2006.01044.x Search in Google Scholar

[3] X.Mao, S.Shimai, S.Wang: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.28 (2008) 217. 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.06.006 Search in Google Scholar

[4] J.Yang, J.Yu, Y.Huang: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.31 (2011) 2569. 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2010.12.035 Search in Google Scholar

[5] A.C.Young, O.O.Omatete, M.A.Jenney, P.A.Menchhofer: J. Eur. Cer. Soc.74 (1991) 612. 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1991.tb04068.x Search in Google Scholar

[6] F.Z.Zhang, T.Kato, M.Fuji, M.Takahashi: J. Eur. Cer. Soc.26 (2006) 667. 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2005.07.021 Search in Google Scholar

[7] P.Sepulveda: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull.76 (1997) 61. Search in Google Scholar

[8] P.Sepulveda, J.G.P.Binner: J. Eur. Cer. Soc.19 (1999) 2059. 10.1016/S0955-2219(99)00024-2 Search in Google Scholar

[9] M.Potoczek: J. Ceram. Int.34 (2008) 661. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2007.02.001 Search in Google Scholar

[10] P.Rajatanavin: PhD thesis, Solid-Stabilised Foams Produced using a Mixed Surfactant System, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia (2005). Search in Google Scholar

[11] J.Tong, D.Chen: J. Ceram. Int.30 (2004) 2061. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2003.07.009 Search in Google Scholar

[12] L.Wang, R.H.Yoon: Int. J. Miner. Process.85 (2008)101. 10.1016/j.minpro.2007.08.009 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-02-03
Accepted: 2016-04-04
Published Online: 2016-08-31
Published in Print: 2016-07-14

© 2016, Carl Hanser Verlag, München