Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 31, 2017

Reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions in high density polyethylene based nanocomposites

Dong Xiang, Lei Wang, Yuhao Tang, Christopher J. Hill, Biqiong Chen and Eileen Harkin-Jones


A comparative study of unary and binary carbon nanofiller reinforced high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites with 4 wt.% nanofillers was carried out in order to assess the reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions. Rheology and resistivity tests indicate that the relative effectiveness of generating rheological and conductive networks is as follows: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) > carbon black (CB) > graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), while the reinforcement effect in modulus is: GNPs > MWCNTs > CB, at the same loading. The resistivity of all the HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites is quite close to the that of HDPE/MWCNT composites, indicating CB may be a good replacement for MWCNTs considering the relatively low cost of CB. A synergistic effect in modulus is observed in the HDPE/GNP/MWCNT and HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites due to the formation of nanofiller–polymer–nanofiller network structures.

*Correspondence address, Dr. Dong Xiang, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southwest Petroleum University, Xindu Avenue, Chengdu 610500, P. R. China, Tel.: +86 15528040727, E-mail:
** Prof. Dr. Eileen Harkin-Jones, School of Engineering, University of Ulster, Shore Road, Newtownabbey BT37 0QB, Tel.: +44 28 9036 6012, E-mail:


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Received: 2016-11-20
Accepted: 2017-01-09
Published Online: 2017-03-31
Published in Print: 2017-04-13

© 2017, Carl Hanser Verlag, München