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Investigation of tribological and corrosion properties of CuTi–alumina nanocomposite fabricated by mechanical alloying

Mohammad Baghani, Mahmood Aliofkhazraei and Mehdi Askari


This study examined the effects of addition of alumina nanoparticles on the microstructure, tribological and corrosion properties of CuTi alloy. Mechanical alloying was performed employing satellite ball milling. X-ray diffraction revealed that CuTi solid solution was formed after 40 h of mechanical alloying. Mechanically alloyed powder was cold-pressed and sintered at 850 °C. Alumina nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed in the CuTi alloy matrix. Tribological properties of the samples were evaluated by pin-on-disk wear testing. The results showed a decrease in wear rate by 30 % owing to the presence of nanoparticles in the nanocomposite. The corrosion properties of samples were assessed employing potentiodynamic polarization and immersion methods in a 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution. The corrosion current density of CuTi alloy decreased from 125.9 to 6.3 μA · cm−2 following the addition of alumina nanoparticles.

*Correspondence address, Mahmood Aliofkhazraei, Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, P.O. Box: 14115-143, Iran, Tel. & Fax: +98-21-82884969, E-mail: ,


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Received: 2016-09-09
Accepted: 2017-02-17
Published Online: 2017-05-04
Published in Print: 2017-05-15

© 2017, Carl Hanser Verlag, München