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Synthesis, characterization and forming behavior of hybrid copper matrix composites produced using powder metallurgy

Ilayaraja Karuppiah, Ranjith Kumar Poovaraj, Anandakrishnan Veeramani, Sathish Shanmugam, Ravichandran Manickam and Ravikumar Rangasamy


Hybrid copper matrix composites containing 5 wt.% of titanium dioxide and varying graphite content (0 wt.%, 2 wt.% and 4 wt.%) were synthesized using powder metallurgy. Metallurgical studies were carried out to examine the presence and distribution of reinforcements in the copper matrix. To investigate the forming behavior of the sintered composite preforms, cold upset tests were conducted from which the true axial stress, the true hoop stress, the true hydrostatic stress and the true effective stress were evaluated and their relationship with the true axial strain was analyzed and presented. It is observed that the increase in addition of weight percentage of graphite into the copper matrix increases the true axial, the true hoop, the true hydrostatic and the true effective stresses. The variation of hardness, strength coefficient and strain hardening with respect to the addition of graphite content is also evaluated and reported.

*Correspondence address, K. Ilayaraja, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ariyalur Engineering College, NH 227, Trichy – Chithambaram Main Road, Ariyalur – 621707, India, Tel.: +91-9965457711, Fax: +91-9965457711, E-mail: , Web:


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Received: 2016-12-07
Accepted: 2017-03-31
Published Online: 2017-07-05
Published in Print: 2017-07-14

© 2017, Carl Hanser Verlag, München