Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 28, 2017

Modification of microstructure and mechanical properties of Al–Zn–Mg/3 wt.% Al2O3 composite through semi-solid thermomechanical processing using variable loads

  • Mohsen Hajizamani and Mostafa Alizadeh


The microstructure and mechanical properties of Al–Zn–Mg/3 wt.% Al2O3 composite were modified through a thermomechanical processing technique. The powders were cold pressed and solid state sintered for 90 min under argon atmosphere. Thermomechanical processing was then applied to the solid state sintered samples, which consisted of cold pressing followed by partial remelting for 30 min under argon atmosphere. Four different loads in the thermomechanical processing were used to investigate the effects of compressive loads on the microstructures and the mechanical properties. The results revealed modifications in the microstructure of the thermomechanically processed samples with the optimum combination of properties in the sample modified by applying the load of 250 MPa. Increasing the thermomechanical processing load decreased the amounts of porosity by about 7 %, decreased the average grain size to about 4 μm, enhanced the compressive yield strength to about 295 MPa, and increased the microhardness values from 250 HV to 600 HV. In addition, the energy absorption capacity increased by about three times.

*Correspondence address, Dr. Mohsen Hajizamani, Department of Metals, Institute of Science and High Technology and Environmental Sciences, Graduate University of Advanced Technology, POBOX 76315-115, 7 Bagh Alavi Highway, Mahan, Kerman, Iran, Tel.: +983433776612; +989173281176, Fax: +983433776617, E-mail:


[1] M.Nezakat, H.Akhiani, M.Hoseini, J.Szpunar: Mater. Charact.98 (2014) 10. 10.1016/j.matchar.2014.10.006Search in Google Scholar

[2] Y.Birol: Int. J. Mater. Res.98 (2007) 53. 10.3139/146.101437Search in Google Scholar

[3] V.Fuster, A.V.Druker, A.Baruj, J.Malarría, R.Bolmaro: Mater. Charact.109 (2015) 128. 10.1016/j.matchar.2015.09.026Search in Google Scholar

[4] H.-C.Lin, S.-K.Wu, Y.-T.Peng, T.-C.Cheng, K.-M.Lin: J. Alloys Compd. 577, Supplement1 (2013) S338. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2012.02.029Search in Google Scholar

[5] S.Esmaeili, D.Lloyd, H.Jin: Mater. Lett.65 (2011) 1028. 10.1016/j.matlet.2010.12.035Search in Google Scholar

[6] S.Banumathy, K.S.Prasad, R.K.Mandal, A.K.Singh: Mater. Sci.34 (2011) 1421. 10.1007/s12034-011-0338-3Search in Google Scholar

[7] S.Suwas, R.K.Ray: Mater. Sci.22 (1999) 581. 10.1007/BF02749971Search in Google Scholar

[8] W.M.Zhong, E.Goiffon, G.L'Espérance, M.Suéry, J.J.Blandin: Mater. Sci. Eng. A214 (1996) 84. 10.1016/0921-5093(96)10181-7Search in Google Scholar

[9] W.M.Zhong, G.L'Espérance, M.Suéry: Mater. Sci. Eng. A214 (1996) 93. 10.1016/0921-5093(96)10182-9Search in Google Scholar

[10] Y.-H.Zhao, X.-Z.Liao, S.Cheng, E.Ma, Y.T.Zhu: Adv. Mater.18 (2006) 2280. 10.1002/adma.200600310Search in Google Scholar

[11] Y.Lu, M.Li, Y.Niu, X.Li: J. Mater. Eng. Perform.17 (2008) 25. 10.1007/s11665-007-9120-5Search in Google Scholar

[12] J.Jiang, Y.Wang, X.Nie, G.Xiao: Mater. Des.96 (2016) 36. 10.1016/j.matdes.2016.02.021Search in Google Scholar

[13] J.A.Wert, N.Paton, C.Hamilton, M.Mahoney: Metall. Mater. Trans. A12 (1981) 1267. 10.1007/BF02642340Search in Google Scholar

[14] M.Hajizamani, M.Alizadeh, S.Jenabali-Jahromi: Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.), (2016) 1. 10.1007/s40195-015-0360-3Search in Google Scholar

[15] T.J.Chen, W.B., Y.Ma, H.J.Huang, Y.Hao: Int. J. Mater. Res.102 (2011) 1459. 10.3139/146.110612Search in Google Scholar

[16] C.Wang, H.Mei, R.Li, D.Li, L.Wang, J.Liu, Z.Hua, L.Zhao, F.Pen, H.Li: Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.)26 (2013) 149. 10.1007/s40195-012-0169-2Search in Google Scholar

[17] Y.Yang, J.Lan, X.Li: Mater. Sci. Eng. A380 (2004) 378. 10.1016/j.msea.2004.03.073Search in Google Scholar

[18] A.Alizadeh, E.Taheri-Nassaj, M.Hajizamani: J. Mater. Sci. Technol.27 (2011) 1113. 10.1016/S1005-0302(12)60005-XSearch in Google Scholar

[19] M.Vratnica: Int. J. Mater. Res.103 (2012) 624. 10.3139/146.110731Search in Google Scholar

[20] P.K.Mandal, R.Anant, R.Kumar, V.M.R.Muthaiah: Mater. Sci. Eng. A696 (2017) 257. 10.1016/j.msea.2017.04.067Search in Google Scholar

[21] N.Parvin, M.Rahimian: Acta Phys. Pol. A121 (2012) 108. 10.12693/APhysPolA.121.108Search in Google Scholar

[22] Q.Han, R.Setchi, S.L.Evans: Powder Technol.297 (2016) 183. 10.1016/j.powtec.2016.04.015Search in Google Scholar

[23] M.Hajizamani, H.Baharvandi: Adv. Mater. Phys. Chem.1 (2011) 26. 10.4236/ampc.2011.12005Search in Google Scholar

[24] M.Alizadeh, M.Mirzaei-Aliabadi: Mater. Des.35 (2012) 419. 10.1016/j.matdes.2011.09.059Search in Google Scholar

[25] M.Omori: Mater. Sci. Eng. A287 (2000) 183. 10.1016/S0921-5093(00)00773-5Search in Google Scholar

[26] A.Hofmeister: Am. Mineral.86 (2001) 1188. 10.2138/am-2001-1008Search in Google Scholar

[27] G.E.Dieter, D.Bacon: Mechanical metallurgy, McGraw-Hill, New York (1986).Search in Google Scholar

[28] W.D.Callister, D.G.Rethwisch: Materials science and engineering: an introduction, Wiley, New York (2007).Search in Google Scholar

[29] Y.Luo, S.Yu, J.Liu, X.Zhu, Y.Luo: J. Alloys Compd.499 (2010) 227. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.03.172Search in Google Scholar

[30] B.P.Neville, A.Rabiei: Mater. Des.29 (2008) 388. 10.1016/j.matdes.2007.01.026Search in Google Scholar

[31] H.Ghandvar, S.Farahany, J.Idris: Mater. Manuf. Process.30 (2015) 1442. 10.1080/10426914.2015.1004687Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2017-03-17
Accepted: 2017-07-04
Published Online: 2017-09-28
Published in Print: 2017-10-16

© 2017, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

Downloaded on 29.3.2023 from
Scroll Up Arrow