Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 29, 2018

Three-body abrasive wear behaviour of metastable spheroidal carbide cast irons with different chromium contents

Vasily Efremenko, Kazumichi Shimizu, Tatiana Pastukhova, Yuliia Chabak, Michail Brykov, Kenta Kusumoto and Alexey Efremenko


The effect of heat treatment and chromium contents (up to 9.1 wt.%) on the wear resistance of spheroidal carbide cast iron (9.5 wt.% V) was studied using optical and scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, dilatometry and three-body abrasive testing. It was found that quenching from 760 °C and 920 °C improved the alloys’ wear resistance compared to the as-cast state due to the formation of metastable austenite transforming into martensite under abrasion. The wear characteristics of alloys studied are 1.6 – 2.3 times higher than that of reference cast iron (12 wt.% V) having stable austenitic matrix. Chromium addition decreases surface damage due to the formation of M7C3 carbides, while it reduces wear resistance owing to austenite stabilization to abrasion-induced martensite transformation. The superposition of these factors results in decreasing the alloys’ wear behaviour with chromium content increase.

*Correspondence address, Prof. Vasily Efremenko, Physics Department, Priazovskyi State Technical University, Universitetskaya Str., 7, Mariupol 87500, Ukraine, Tel.: +38-0669488325, E-mail:


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Received: 2017-05-15
Accepted: 2017-08-09
Published Online: 2018-01-29
Published in Print: 2018-02-12

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