Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 29, 2018

Hydrogen sorption and corrosion properties of La2Ni9CoSn0.2 alloy

Krystyna Giza, Lidia Adamczyk, Henryk Drulis and Alicja Hackemer


The hydrogenation and corrosion behaviour of La2Ni9 · CoSn0.2 alloy was analysed in respect of its use in Ni–MH batteries. It has been proved that the presence of tin in the alloy causes a decrease in hydrogen equilibrium pressure. In the electrochemical studies several techniques, such as chronopotentiometry, multi-potential steps, linear sweep voltammetry and the potentiokinetic polarization were applied to characterize the electrochemical properties of a La2Ni9CoSn0.2 powder composite electrode. During long cycling, powder particles undergo micro-cracking or other forms of surface development causing a progressive increase in the exchange current density of the H2O/H2 system, but, on the other hand, this increase favours corrosion processes such as the electrode material's oxidation. This is also reflected in the capacity loss values.

*Correspondence address, Dr. Lidia Adamczyk, Faculty of Production Engineering and Materials Technology, Czestochowa University of Technology, Al. Armii Krajowej 19, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland, Tel.:+48 343250602, Fax: +48 343250602, E-mail:


[1] D.Linden: Handbook of batteries, McGraw-Hill, New York (2001). Search in Google Scholar

[2] I.Buchmann: Batteries in a Portable Word: A Handbook on Rechargeable Batteries for Non-Engineers, Cadex Electronics Inc, Richmond (2011). Search in Google Scholar

[3] P.Ruetschi, F.Meli, J.Desilvestro: J. Power Sources57 (1995) 85. 10.1016/0378-7753(95)02248-1 Search in Google Scholar

[4] M.Geng, F.Feng, J.Han, A.J.Matchett, D.O.Northwood: Int. J. Hydrogen Energy26 (2001) 133. 10.1016/S0360-3199(00)00040-9 Search in Google Scholar

[5] J.Kleperis, G.Wójcik, A.Czerwiński, J.Skowroński, M.Kopczyk, M.Bełtowska-Brzezińska: J. Solid State Electrochem.5 (2001) 229. 10.1007/s100080000149 Search in Google Scholar

[6] J.G.Willems: Philips J. Res.39 (1984) 1. 10.6100/IR97016 Search in Google Scholar

[7] J.J.Reilly, G.D.Adzic, J.R.Johnson, T.Vogt, S.Mukerjee, J.McBreen: J. Alloys Compd.293–295 (1999) 569. 10.1016/S0925-8388(99)00413-2 Search in Google Scholar

[8] J.C.S.Casini, Y.P.Guo, H.K.Liu, E.A.Ferreira, R.N.Faria, H.Takiishi: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China25 (2015) 520. 10.1016/S1003-6326(15)63633-0 Search in Google Scholar

[9] M.P.Kumar, W.Zhang, K.Petrov, A.Rostami, S.Srinivasan, G.D.Adzic, J.R.Johnson, J.J.Reilly: J. Electrochem Soc.142 (1995) 3424. 10.1149/1.2049998 Search in Google Scholar

[10] R.C.Browman, C.H.Luo, C.C.Ahn, C.K.Witham, B.Fultz: J. Alloys Compd.217 (1995) 185. 10.1016/0925-8388(94)01337-3 Search in Google Scholar

[11] J.Ma, H.Pan, C.Chen, Q.Wang: J. Alloys Compd.343 (2002) 164. 10.1016/S0925-8388(02)00206-2 Search in Google Scholar

[12] H.Bala, I.Kukula, K.Giza, B.Marciniak, E.Rozycka-Sokolowska, H.Drulis: Int. J. Hydrogen Energy37 (2012) 16817. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.07.126 Search in Google Scholar

[13] K.Giza, L.Adamczyk, A.Hackemer, H.Drulis, H.Bala: J. Alloys Compd.645 (2015) S490. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.12.075 Search in Google Scholar

[14] J.M.Joubert, M.Latroche, R.Cerny, R.C. Bowman J.A.Percheron-Guegan, K.Yvon: J. Alloys Compd.124–129 (1999) 293. 10.1016/S0925-8388(99)00311-4 Search in Google Scholar

[15] B.V.Ratnakumar, C.Witham, R.C. Bowman J.A.Hightower, B.Fultz: J. Electrochem. Soc.143 (1996) 2578. 10.1149/1.1837050 Search in Google Scholar

[16] P.H.L.Notten, R.E.F.Einerhand, J.L.C.Daams: J. Alloys Compd.210 (1994) 221. 10.1016/0925-8388(94)90142-2 Search in Google Scholar

[17] P.H.L.Notten, R.E.F.Einerhand, J.L.C.Daams: J. Alloys Compd.231 (1995) 604. 10.1016/0925-8388(95)01736-4 Search in Google Scholar

[18] K.H.J.Buschow, H.H.Van Mal: J. Less Common Metals29 (1972) 203. 10.1016/0022-5088(72)90191-9 Search in Google Scholar

[19] K.Giza, H.Bala, H.Drulis, A.Hackemer, L.Folcik: Int. J. Electrochem. Sci.7 (2012) 9881. Search in Google Scholar

[20] K.Giza, H.Drulis: Int. J. Mater. Res.107 (2016) 103. 10.3139/146.111321 Search in Google Scholar

[21] M.Dymek, H.Bala, A.Hackemer, H.Drulis: Solid State Ionics271 (2015) 116. 10.1016/j.ssi.2014.11.005 Search in Google Scholar

[22] N.Biliškov, G.Miletić, A.Drašner, K.Prezelj: Int. J. Hydrogen Energy40 (2015) 8548. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.04.076 Search in Google Scholar

[23] F.Feng, M.Geng, D.O.Northwood: Int. J. Hydrogen Energy26 (2001) 725. 10.1016/S0360-3199(00)00127-0 Search in Google Scholar

[24] C.Iwakura, T.Oura, H.Inoue, M.Matsuoka: Electrochim. Acta41 (1996) 117. 10.1016/0013-4686(95)00283-K Search in Google Scholar

[25] Z.Liu, Z.Cao, L.Huang, M.Gao, H.Pan: J. Alloys Compd.509 (2011) 675. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.08.157 Search in Google Scholar

[26] Z.Li, D.Han, S.Han, X.Zhu, L.Hu, Z.Zhang, Y.Liu: Int. J. Hydrogen Energy34 (2009) 1399. 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.11.049 Search in Google Scholar

[27] Search in Google Scholar

[28] H.Bala, M.Dymek, L.Adamczyk, K.Giza, H.Drulis: J. Solid State Electrochem.18 (2014) 3039. 10.1007/s10008-013-2322-x Search in Google Scholar

[29] F.Meli, T.Sakai, A.Zuttel, L.Schlapbach: J. Alloys Compd.221 (1995) 284. 10.1016/0925-8388(94)01464-7 Search in Google Scholar

[30] Q.Tian, Y.Zhang, Z.Tan, L.Sun, F.Xu, H.Yuan: Acta Phys. Chim. Sin.22 (2006) 301. 10.1016/S1872-1508(06)60005-3 Search in Google Scholar

[31] H.L.Chu, S.J.Qiu, L.X.Sun, Y.Zhang, F.Xu, T.Jiang, W.X.Li, M.Zhu, W.Y.Hu: Electrochim. Acta52 (2007) 6700. 10.1016/j.electacta.2007.04.097 Search in Google Scholar

[32] Branko N.Popov: Corrosion Engineering: Principles and Solved Problems, Elsevier, Amsterdam (2015). Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2017-05-23
Accepted: 2017-09-18
Published Online: 2018-01-29
Published in Print: 2018-02-12

© 2018, Carl Hanser Verlag, München