Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 4, 2018

Oxidation resistance and wettability of graphite/SiC composite

Chaofan Yin, Xiangcheng Li, Pingan Chen, Girish M. Kale and Boquan Zhu


A graphite/SiC composite was synthesized at different calcination temperatures using microsilica and carboxymethylated cellulose. The oxidation resistance and wettability (with water) of graphite/SiC were investigated. The results showed that carboxymethylated cellulose could react with microsilica to form a coating of SiC on the surface of graphite at elevated temperatures. Consequently, SiO2 phase was converted into SiC phase above 1 600 °C. The microstructure of the SiC coating on graphite became denser with the increase in temperature. Thermogravimetric curves revealed that the weight loss of graphite was approximately 97.3 wt.% whereas the value decreased to 29.78 wt.% when SiC was formed. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis showed that the SiC coating decreased the enthalpy of the carbon oxidation reaction from 12.02 kJ g−1 to 1.14 kJ g−1, confirming excellent oxidation resistance. Furthermore, the water contact angle of graphite was approximately 78.5° whereas that of the graphite/SiC composite was reduced to 43°. The study of the formation of graphite/SiC composite showed that SiO2 could be reduced using carboxymethylated cellulose to SiO (g), which was deposited on the graphite to form SiC coating.

*Correspondence address, Prof. Xiangcheng Li and Prof. Boquan Zhu, The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, No. 947, Heping Road, Wuhan 430081, P.R. China, Tel.: +86-27-68862616, Fax: +86-27-68862616, E-mail: ,


[1] H.Badenhorst: Carbon.66 (2014) 674. 10.1016/j.carbon.2013.09.065 Search in Google Scholar

[2] J.Throckmorton, G.Palmese: ACS applied materials & interfaces.7 (2015) 14870. PMid:26076058; 10.1021/acsami.5b03465 Search in Google Scholar

[3] S.Stankovich, D.A.Dikin, R.D.Piner, K.A.Kohlhaas, A.Kleinhammes, Y.Jia, Y.Wu, S.T.Nguyen, R.S.Ruoff: Carbon.45 (2007) 1558. 10.1016/j.carbon.2007.02.034 Search in Google Scholar

[4] Y.Fan, H.Yang, X.Liu, H.Zhu, G.Zou: J. Alloys Compd.461 (2008) 490. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2007.07.034 Search in Google Scholar

[5] J.Lapinski, D.Pletcher, F.C.Walsh: Surf. Coat. Technol.205 (2011) 5205. 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2011.05.030 Search in Google Scholar

[6] X.Li, B.Zhu, T.Wang: Ceram. Int.38 (2012) 2883. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2011.11.061 Search in Google Scholar

[7] J.Lian, B.Zhu, X.Li, P.Chen, B.Fang: Ceram. Int.42 (2016) 16266. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.07.163 Search in Google Scholar

[8] S.Masoudifar, M.Bavand-Vandchali, F.Golestani-Fard, A.Nemati: Ceram. Int.42 (2016) 11951. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.04.120 Search in Google Scholar

[9] S.Mukhopadhyay, C.Mondal, A.Chakraborty, D.Mali, S.Ghosh: Ceram. Int.41 (2015) 11999. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2015.06.012 Search in Google Scholar

[10] H.Jin, S.Meng, X.Zhang, Q.Zeng, J.Niu: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.36 (2016) 1855. 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2016.02.040 Search in Google Scholar

[11] S.Zhang, W.E.Lee: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.23 (2003) 1215. 10.1016/S0955-2219(02)00284-4 Search in Google Scholar

[12] S.A.Ansar, S.Bhattacharya, S.Dutta, S.S.Ghosh, S.Mukhopadhyay: Ceram. Int.36 (2010) 1837. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2010.03.035 Search in Google Scholar

[13] S.A.Ansar, S.Bhattacharya, S.Dutta, S.Ghosh, S.Mukhopadhyay: Ceram. Int.36 (2010) 1837. 10.1016/S0043-1648(00)00318-5 Search in Google Scholar

[14] S.Yilmaz, Y.Kutmen-Kalpakli, E.Yilmaz: Ceram. Int.35 (2009) 2029. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2008.11.006 Search in Google Scholar

[15] S.Mukhopadhyay, G.Das, I.Biswas: Ceram. Int.38 (2012) 1717. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2011.09.006 Search in Google Scholar

[16] M.Sharif, M.Faghihi-Sani, F.Golestani-Fard, A.Saberi, A.K.Soltani: J. Alloys Compd.500 (2010) 74. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.03.202 Search in Google Scholar

[17] Z.Fu, T.Liang, J.-C.Robin, C.Tang: Appl. Surf. Sci.240 (2005) 349. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.07.007 Search in Google Scholar

[18] F.Zhiqiang, L.Tongxiang, R.Jean-Charles, T.Chunhe: Appl. Surf. Sci.240 (2005) 349. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.07.007 Search in Google Scholar

[19] G.Brauer, W.Anwand, F.Eichhorn, W.Skorupa, C.Hofer, C.Teichert, J.Kuriplach, J.Cizek, I.Prochazka, P.G.Coleman, T.Nozawa, A.Kohyama: Appl. Surf. Sci.252 (2006) 3342. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2005.08.096 Search in Google Scholar

[20] Y.-H.Yun, Y.-H.Park, M.-Y.Ahn, S.Cho: Ceram. Int.40 (2014) 879. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.06.082 Search in Google Scholar

[21] X.Yang, Q.Huang, Z.Su, X.Chang, L.Chai, C.Liu, L.Xue, D.Huang: Corros. Sci.75 (2013) 16. 10.1016/j.corsci.2013.05.009 Search in Google Scholar

[22] H.Jafari, N.Ehsani, S.Khalifeh-Soltani, M.Jalaly: Appl. Surf. Sci.264 (2013) 128. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.09.139 Search in Google Scholar

[23] J.Ding, C.Deng, W.Yuan, H.Zhu, X.Zhang: Ceram. Int.40 (2014) 4001. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.08.051 Search in Google Scholar

[24] J.Ding, H.Zhu, G.Li, C.Deng, J.Li: Appl. Surf. Sci.320 (2014) 620. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.09.149 Search in Google Scholar

[25] J.Ye, S.Zhang, W.E.Lee: J. Eur. Ceram. Soc.33 (2013) 2023. 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2013.02.011 Search in Google Scholar

[26] T.J.Athauda, D.S.Decker, R.R.Ozer: Mater. Lett.67 (2012) 338. 10.1016/j.matlet.2011.09.100 Search in Google Scholar

[27] J.C.Souza, I.T.Neckel, J.Varalda, E.Ribeiro, W.H.Schreiner, D.H.Mosca, M.-R.Sierakowski, V.Fernandes, A.Ouerghi: J. Colloid Interface Sci.441 (2015) 71. PMid:25490565; 10.1016/j.jcis.2014.10.070 Search in Google Scholar

[28] M.Sharif Sh, F.Golestani-Fard, H.Sarpoolaky: J. Alloys Compd.482 (2009) 361. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.04.019 Search in Google Scholar

[29] F.Xue, Y.Zhang, F.Zhang, X.Ren, H.Yang: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.9 (2017) 8403. PMid:28195458; 10.1021/acsami.6b16605 Search in Google Scholar

[30] Y.Bi, H.Wang, L.Huang, J.Wang, H.Zhang, S.Zhang: Ceram. Int.43 (2017) 15755. 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.08.138 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2017-10-12
Accepted: 2018-01-25
Published Online: 2018-07-04
Published in Print: 2018-07-12

© 2018, Carl Hanser Verlag, München