Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 30, 2018

Wear behaviour of Mg alloys and their composites – a review

Abhijit Dey and Krishna Murari Pandey

Abstract

Magnesium metal matrix composites (MMCs) have generated keen interest in recent times for potential usage in automotive and aerospace industries owing to their superior strength to weight ratio and high temperature resistance. With the concurrent attention to the requirements of high wear resistance and weight reduction, research into magnesium based MMCs has produced significant contributions in the automotive industry in the last few decades. Materials possessing high wear resistance under dry sliding conditions are associated with a stable tribo-layer on the worn surface and the formation of fine equiaxed wear debris. For abrasive wear, the influence of sliding speed, applied load, wearing surface hardness, reinforcement fracture toughness, percentages of reinforcement and morphology are critical parameters in relation to the wear regime encountered by the material. In this review, contemporary wear theories, issues associated with counter-face wear, and wear mechanisms are discussed in detail. Other areas of research relevant to abrasive wear of Al-based Mg alloys and Mg MMCs containing discontinuous reinforcement phases, such as the role of the reinforcement phase, are presented. Major effects such as interfacial transition, agglomerating phenomenon, formation, and distribution of in-situ Mg2Si, MgAl2O4, β-Mg17Al12and MgO in the metallic matrix, filler–matrix bonding and phase transition are discussed in this article.


*Correspondence address, Dr. Krishna Murari Pandey, Depatrment of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Silchar, India, E-mail:

References

[1] B.L.Mordike, K.U.Kainer: Magnesium Alloys and Their Application, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.KGaA, Weinheim, (2000). Search in Google Scholar

[2] K.U.Kainer: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, (2003) 114. 10.1002/3527602046 Search in Google Scholar

[3] A.A.Luo: Int. Mater. Rev.49 (2004) 13. 10.1179/095066004225010497 Search in Google Scholar

[4] M.M.Avedesian, H.Baker: Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys (ASM Specialty Handbook), ASM international, New York, 1999. Search in Google Scholar

[5] I.J.Polmear: Light Alloys: Second ed.Chapman and Hall, New York, (1989) 170. Search in Google Scholar

[6] F.Kabirian, R.Mahmudi: Adv. Eng. Mater.11 (2009) 189. 10.1002/adem.200800223 Search in Google Scholar

[7] F.Kabirian, R.Mahmudi: Metall. Mater. Trans. A40 (2009) 116. 10.1007/s11661-008-9699-7 Search in Google Scholar

[8] D.A.Porter, K.E. Easterling, Second ed., Chapman and Hall, London, (1992) 208. Search in Google Scholar

[9] X.Ai, G.Quan: F.Czerwinski (Ed.): Magnesium Alloys-Design, Processing and Properties, InTech, Vienna (2011) 351. 10.5772/13392 Search in Google Scholar

[10] A.A.Luo, M.O.Pekguleryuz: J. Mater. Sci.29 (1994) 52545266. 10.1007/BF01171534 Search in Google Scholar

[11] F.Kabirian, R.Mahmudi: Metall. Mater. Trans. A40 (2009) 2190. 10.1007/s11661-008-9699-7 Search in Google Scholar

[12] F.Khomamizadeh, B.Nami, S.Khoshkhooei: Metall. Mater. Trans. A36 (2005) 3489. 10.1007/s11661-005-0022-6 Search in Google Scholar

[13] R.Mahmudi, F.Kabirian, Z.Nematollahi: Mater. Des.32 (2011) 2583. 10.1016/j.matdes.2011.01.040 Search in Google Scholar

[14] B.Nami, H.Razavi, S.G.Mirdamadi, S.G.Shabestari, S.M.Miresmaeili: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions41A (2010) 19731982. 10.1007/s11661-010-0238-y Search in Google Scholar

[15] B.Jing, S.Yangshan, X.Shan, X.Feng, Z.Tianbai: Mater. Sci. Eng. A419 (2006) 181. 10.1016/j.msea.2005.12.017 Search in Google Scholar

[16] E.Baril, P.Labelle, M.O.Pekguleryuz: J. Min., Meta. Mater. Soc. (2003) 34. 10.1007/s11837-003-0207-7 Search in Google Scholar

[17] W.Qudong, C.Wenzhou, Z.Xiaoqin, L.Yizhen, D.Wenjiang, Z.Yanping, X.Xiaoping: J. Mater. Sci.36 (2001) 3035. 10.1023/A:1017927109291 Search in Google Scholar

[18] J.Zhang, P.Yu, K.Liu, D.Fang, D.Tang, J.Meng: Mater. Des.30 (2009) 2372. 10.1016/j.matdes.2008.10.028 Search in Google Scholar

[19] A.A.Luo, M.P.Balogh, B.R.Powell: Metall. Mater. Trans. A33 (2002) 567. 10.1007/s11661-002-0118-1 Search in Google Scholar

[20] K.Hiratsuka, A.Enomoto, T.Sasada: Wear153 (1992) 361. 10.1016/0043-1648(92)90176-9 Search in Google Scholar

[21] H.Chen, A.T.Alpas: Wear246 (2000) 106. 10.1016/S0043-1648(00)00495-6 Search in Google Scholar

[22] N.N.Aung, W.Zhou, L.E.N.Lim: Wear265 (2008) 780. 10.1016/j.wear.2008.01.012 Search in Google Scholar

[23] J.An, R.G.Li, Y.Lu, C.M.Chen, Y.Xu, X.Chen, L.M.Wang: Wear265 (2008) 97. 10.1016/j.wear.2007.08.021 Search in Google Scholar

[24] P.J.Blau, M.Walukas: Tribo. Int.33 (2000) 573. 10.1016/S0301-679X(00)00014-1 Search in Google Scholar

[25] K.M.Asi, A.Masoudi, F.Khomamizadeh: Mater. Sci. Eng. A527 (2010) 2027. 10.1016/j.msea.2009.11.061 Search in Google Scholar

[26] Q.Q.Ju, L.Y.Bing, Y.X.Hong: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc.13 (2003) 111. Search in Google Scholar

[27] J.An, W.Sun, X.D.Niu: Tribol. Lett.65 (2017) 98. 10.1007/s11249-017-0882-0 Search in Google Scholar

[28] S.Das, A.T.Morale, A.T.Alpas: Wear268 (2010) 94. 10.1016/j.wear.2009.07.001 Search in Google Scholar

[29] S.C.Sharma, B.Anand, M.Krishna: Wear241 (2000) 33. 10.1016/S0043-1648(00)00349-5 Search in Google Scholar

[30] T.J.Chen, Y.Maa, B.Li, Y.D.Li, Y.Hao: Mater. Des.30 (2009) 235. 10.1016/j.matdes.2008.05.002 Search in Google Scholar

[31] P. BalaSrinivasan, C.Blawert, W.Dietzel: Mater. Character.60 (2009) 843. 10.1016/j.matchar.2008.10.010 Search in Google Scholar

[32] S.A.Selvan, S.Ramanathan: Mater. Des.31 (2010) 1930. 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.10.054 Search in Google Scholar

[33] A.Araghi, M.H.Paydar: Mater. Des.31 (2010) 3095. 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.12.042 Search in Google Scholar

[34] K.J.Huang, LiYan, C.S.Wang, C.S.Xie, C.R.Zhou: Trans. Nonferrous Met. SOC. China20 (2010) 1351. 10.1016/S1003-6326(09)60092-3 Search in Google Scholar

[35] Y.Liu, S.R.Yu, J.D.Liu, Z.W.Han, D.S.Yuan: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China21(2011) 483. 10.1016/S1003-6326(11)60912-6 Search in Google Scholar

[36] A.Zafari, H.M.Ghasemi, R.Mahmudi: Wear292–293 (2012) 33. 10.1016/j.wear.2012.06.002 Search in Google Scholar

[37] C.Liang, C.Li, X.X.Lv, J.An: Wear312 (2014) 29. 10.1016/j.wear.2014.02.001 Search in Google Scholar

[38] C.Taltavull, B.Torres, A.J.Lo pez, J.Rams: Wear301 (2013) 615. 10.1016/j.wear.2012.11.039 Search in Google Scholar

[39] M.H.Fini, A.Amadeh: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China23 (2013) 2914. 10.1016/S1003-6326(13)62814-9 Search in Google Scholar

[40] C.Taltavull, B.Torres, A.J.Lopez, J.Rams: Wear301 (2013) 15. 10.1016/j.wear.2012.11.039 Search in Google Scholar

[41] C.Taltavull, P.Rodrigo, B.Torres, A.J.Lopez, J.Rams: Mater. Des.56 (2014) 549. 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.12.015 Search in Google Scholar

[42] J.F.Archard, W.Hirst: Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser.A236 (1956) 397. 10.1098/rspa.1956.0144 Search in Google Scholar

[43] M.I.Hu, Q.D.Wang, L.I.Cheng, W.J.Ding: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China22(2012) 1918. 10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61194-1 Search in Google Scholar

[44] C.Liang, T.F.Su, Y.B.Wang, X.Han, M.L.Yin, J.An: J. Tribol. Trans. ASME137 (2015) 031602. 10.1115/1.4029846 Search in Google Scholar

[45] T.F.Su, X.Han, Y.B.Wang, M.L.Yin, C.Liang, J.An: Tribol. Trans.58 (2015) 549. 10.1080/10402004.2014.993782 Search in Google Scholar

[46] A.W.El-Morsy: Mater. Sci. Eng. A473 (2008) 330. 10.1016/j.msea.2007.03.096 Search in Google Scholar

[47] B.Cicek, H.Ahlatci, Y.Sun: Mater. Des.50 (2013) 929. 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.03.097 Search in Google Scholar

[48] C.Liang, C.Li, X.X.Lv, J.An: Wear312 (2014) 29. 10.1016/j.wear.2014.02.001 Search in Google Scholar

[49] C.Liang, T.F.Su, Y.B.Wang, X.Han, M.L.Yin, J.An: J. Tribol. Trans. ASME137 (2015) 031602. 10.1115/1.4029846 Search in Google Scholar

[50] C.Taltavull, P.Rodrigo, B.Torres, A.J.Lo pez, J.Rams: Mater. Des.56 (2014) 549. 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.12.015 Search in Google Scholar

[51] C.Y.H.Lim, S.C.Lim, M.Gupta: Wear255 (2003) 629. 10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00121-2 Search in Google Scholar

[52] C.Y.H.Lim, D.K.Leo, J.J.S.Ang, M.Gupta: Wear259 (2005) 620. 10.1016/j.wear.2005.02.006 Search in Google Scholar

[53] P.Abachi, A.Masoudi, K.Purazrang: Mater. Sci. Eng.A 435–436 (2006) 653. 10.1016/j.msea.2006.08.020 Search in Google Scholar

[54] QIQing-ju: Trans. Nonferrous Met. SOC. China16(2006) 1135. 10.1016/S1003-6326(06)60390-7 Search in Google Scholar

[55] M.J.Zhang, Y.B.Liu, X.H.Yang, A.N.Jian, K.S.Luo: Trans. Nonferrous Met. SOC. China18 (2008) 273. 10.1016/S1003-6326(08)60190-9 Search in Google Scholar

[56] A.K.Mondal, S.Kumar: Wear267 (2009) 458. 10.1016/j.wear.2008.12.036 Search in Google Scholar

[57] P.Rodrigo, M.Campo, B.Torres, M.D.Escalera, E.Otero, J.Rams: App. Surf. Sci.255 (2009) 9174. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2009.06.122 Search in Google Scholar

[58] J.Umeda, K.Kondoh, H.Imai: Mater. Sci. Eng. A504 (2009) 157. 10.1016/j.msea.2008.10.054 Search in Google Scholar

[59] M.H.Korayema, R.Mahmudia, H.M.Ghasemia, W.J.Poole: Wear268 (2010) 405. 10.1016/j.wear.2009.08.031 Search in Google Scholar

[60] L.Falcon-Franco, E.Bedolla-Becerril, J.Lemus-Ruiz, J.G.Gonzalez-Rodríguez, R.Guardian, I.Rosales: Composites: Part B42 (2011) 275. 10.1016/j.compositesb.2010.11.012 Search in Google Scholar

[61] M.Srinivasan, C.Loganathan, M.Kamaraj, Q.B.Nguyen, M.Gupta, R.Narayanasamy: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China22(2012) 60. 10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61140-0 Search in Google Scholar

[62] H.U.Yong, L.Rao: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China22 (2012) 2659. 10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61514-8 Search in Google Scholar

[63] D.Lu, Y.Jiang, R.Zhou: Wear305 (2013) 286. 10.1016/j.wear.2012.11.079 Search in Google Scholar

[64] A.Banerji, H.Hu, A.T.Alpas: Wear301 (2013) 626. 10.1016/j.wear.2013.01.091 Search in Google Scholar

[65] A.Zafari, H.M.Ghasemin, R.Mahmudi: Wear303 (2013) 98. 10.1016/j.wear.2013.02.016 Search in Google Scholar

[66] L.Qi, J.Guan, J.Liu, J.Zhou, X.Wei: Wear307 (2013) 127. 10.1016/j.wear.2013.08.024 Search in Google Scholar

[67] T.Z.Wei, S.R.Bt Shamsuri, C.S.Yee, M.W.A.Rashida, Q.Ahsan: Proc. Eng.68 (2013) 703. 10.1016/j.proeng.2013.12.242 Search in Google Scholar

[68] S.V.Muley, S.P.Singh, P.Sinha, P.P.Bhingole, G.P.Chaudhari: Mater. Des.53 (2014) 475. 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.056 Search in Google Scholar

[69] B.Selvam, P.Marimuthu, R.Narayanasamy, V.Anandakrishnan, K.S.Tun, M.Gupta, M.Kamaraj: Mater. Des.58 (2014) 475. 10.1016/j.matdes.2014.02.006 Search in Google Scholar

[70] A.Das, S.P.Harimkar: J. Mater. Sci. Technol.30(11) (2014) 1059. 10.1016/j.jmst.2014.08.002 Search in Google Scholar

[71] Q.B.Nguyen, Y.H.M.Sim, M.Gupta, C.Y.H.Lim: Tribo. Int.82 (2015) 464. 10.1016/j.triboint.2014.02.024 Search in Google Scholar

[72] B.V.Manoj Kumar, B.Basu, V.S.R.Murthy, M.Gupta: Composites: Part A36 (2005) 13. 10.1016/S1359-835X(04)00184-8 Search in Google Scholar

[73] S.Q.Wang, Z.R.Yang, Y.T.Zhao, M.X.Wei: Tribo. Lett.38 (2010) 39. 10.1007/s11249-009-9569-5 Search in Google Scholar

[74] Q.B.Nguyen, M.Gupta: J. Alloys Compd.459 (2008) 244. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2007.05.038 Search in Google Scholar

[75] R.A.Saravanan, M.K.Surappa: Mater. Sci. Eng. A276 (2000) 108. 10.1016/S0921-5093(99)00498-0 Search in Google Scholar

[76] V.I.Semenov, Y.R.Jeng, S.J.Huang, Y.ZhDao, S.J.Hwang, L.Sh.Shuster, S.V.Chertovskikh, P.Ch.Lin: J. Friction Wear30 (3) (2009) 194. 10.3103/S1068366609030088 Search in Google Scholar

[77] K.Xiu, H.Y.Wang, H.L.Sui, Y.Wang, C.L.Xu, J.G.Wang, Q.C.Jiang: Mater. Sci.41 (2006) 7052. 10.1007/s10853-005-4228-1 Search in Google Scholar

[78] A.K.Mondal, B.S.S.Chandra Rao, S.Kumar: Tribo. Int.40 (2007) 290. 10.1016/j.triboint.2005.09.016 Search in Google Scholar

[79] G.W.Stachowiak, A.W.Batchelor: Engineering tribology. 3rd edition. Amsterdam, Boston: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann; (2005). ISBN-9780750678360. Search in Google Scholar

[80] N.K.Myshkin, C.K.Kim, M.I.Petrokovets: Introduction to tribology. Seoul: Cheong Moon Gak; 1997. Search in Google Scholar

[81] B.Bhushan: Introduction to tribology. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 2002. Search in Google Scholar

[82] W.J.Huang, Q.Lin, C.I.Liu: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China22(2012) 2057. 10.1016/S1003-6326(11)61211-9 Search in Google Scholar

[83] GneccoE, MeyerE: Fundamentals of friction and wear on the nanoscale. Berlin: Springer; 2007. 10.1007/978-3-540-36807-6 Search in Google Scholar

[84] S.C.Lim, M.F.Ashby: Acta Metall.35(1987)1. 10.1016/0001-6160(87)90016-2 Search in Google Scholar

[85] J.An, R.G.Li, Y.Lu, C.M.Chen, Y.Xu, X.Chen: Wear265 (2008) 97. 10.1016/j.wear.2007.08.021 Search in Google Scholar

[86] N.P.Suh: Wear44 (1977) 1. 10.1016/0043-1648(77)90081-3 Search in Google Scholar

[87] B.Venkataraman, G.Sundararajan: Acta Mater.44 (1996) 451. 10.1016/1359-6454(95)00217-0 Search in Google Scholar

[88] E.I.Morsy, A.Wahab: Mater. Sci. Eng. A473 (2008) 330. 10.1016/j.msea.2007.03.096 Search in Google Scholar

[89] G.W.Stachowiak, A.W.Batchelor, Engineering Tribology, Second ed., Butterworth Heinemann, Boston, (2001) 327. Search in Google Scholar

[90] N.Hort, Y.D.Huang, K.U.Kainer: Adv. Eng. Mater.8 (2006) 235. 10.1002/adem.200500202 Search in Google Scholar

[91] J.An, Y.X.Zhang · X.X.Lv: Tribology Letters66 (2018) 14. 10.1007/s11249-017-0968-8 Search in Google Scholar

[92] W.Ziang, F.X.An, F.T.H.Su, F.W.Zi, Y.J.Mn: Tribo. Trans.57 (2014) 1077. 10.1080/10402004.2014.933939 Search in Google Scholar

[93] A.Zafari, H.M.Ghasemi, R.Mahmudi: Mater. Des.54 (2014) 544. 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.08.073 Search in Google Scholar

[94] A.Boby, A.Srinivasan, U.T.S.Pillai, B.C.Pai: Metall. Mater. Trans. A46 (2015). 10.1007/s11661-015-3013-2 Search in Google Scholar

[95] X.Yang, Y.Okabe, H.Miura, T.Sakai: J. Mater. Sci.47 (2012) 2823. 10.1007/s10853-011-5830-z Search in Google Scholar

[96] X.Chen, Z.Han, K.Lu: Wear30 (2014) 41. 10.1016/j.wear.2014.08.010 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2017-11-30
Accepted: 2018-04-30
Published Online: 2018-10-30
Published in Print: 2018-11-12

© 2018, Carl Hanser Verlag, München