Skip to content
BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter November 29, 2018

Dendritic structure formation of magnesium alloys for the manipulation of corrosion properties: Part 1 – microstructure

Piotr Łakoma , André Ditze and Christiane Scharf

Abstract

Besides impurities in magnesium alloys containing aluminum, the microstructure also plays a role in the corrosion properties of the alloy. By targeted manipulation of grain size, secondary dendrite arm spacings and segregation in terms of amount and position, the corrosion properties are expected to be improved. For this, experiments were carried out by casting alloys with 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 % aluminum into a mold with different applied cooling rates. The samples were analyzed regarding microstructure and composition, and the grain size and secondary dendrite arm spacings, as a function of aluminum content and cooling rate, were modeled. The results show a decrease in grain size and secondary dendrite arm spacings with an increased cooling rate. The segregated β phase was predominantly situated at the grain boundaries as divorced eutectic and in lamellar form. The assumed influences on the corrosion properties will be examined in Part 2.


*Correspondence address, André Ditze, Engineering Office MetuRec, An den Eschenbacher Teichen 16, 38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, Tel.: 00491708391069, E-mail: , Web: www.meturec.de

References

[1] C.Scharf, A.Ditze, A.Shkurankov, E.Morales, C.Blawert, W.Dietzel, K-U.Kainer: Adv. Eng. Mater.7 (2005) 1134. 10.1002/adem.200500180Search in Google Scholar

[2] G.Song, A.Atrens, M.Dargusch: Corros. Sci.41 (1998) 249. 10.1016/S0010-938X(98)00121-8Search in Google Scholar

[3] O.Lunder, J.H.Nordien, K.Nisancioglu: Corros. Rev.15 (1997) 414. 10.1515/CORRREV.1997.15.3-4.439Search in Google Scholar

[4] Z.Shi, G.Song, A.Atrens: Corros. Sci.47 (2005) 2760. 10.1016/j.corsci.2004.11.004Search in Google Scholar

[5] T.Zhang, Y.Li, F.Wang: Corros. Sci.48 (2006) 1249. 10.1016/j.corsci.2005.05.011Search in Google Scholar

[6] R.Ambat, N.N.Aung, W.Zhou: Corros. Sci.42 (2000) 1433. 10.1016/S0010-938X(99)00143-2Search in Google Scholar

[7] S.Mathieu, C.Rapin, J.Steinmetz, P.Steinmetz: Corros. Sci.45 (2003) 2741. 10.1016/S0010-938X(03)00109-4Search in Google Scholar

[8] M.Jönsson, D.Persson, C.Leygraf: Corros. Sci.50 (2008) 1406. 10.1016/j.corsci.2007.12.005Search in Google Scholar

[9] T. AbuLeil, N.Hort, W.Dietzel, C.Blawert, Y.Huang, K.U.Kainer, K.P.Rao: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China19 (2009) 40. 10.1016/S1003-6326(08)60225-3Search in Google Scholar

[10] S.Feliu, A.Pardo, M.C.Merino, A.E.Coy, F.Viejo, R.Arrabal: Appl. Surf. Sci.255 (2009) 4102. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.10.095Search in Google Scholar

[11] A.Pardo, M.C.Merino, A.E.Coy, R.Arrabal, F.Viejo, E.Matykina: Corros. Sci.50 (2008) 823. 10.1016/j.corsci.2007.11.005Search in Google Scholar

[12] S.Izumi, M.Yamasaki, Y.Kawamura: Corros. Sci.51 (2009) 395. 10.1016/j.corsci.2008.11.003Search in Google Scholar

[13] W.C.Neil, M.Forsyth, P.C.Howlett, C.R.Hutchinson, B.Hinton: Corros. Sci.51 (2009) 387. 10.1016/j.corsci.2008.11.005Search in Google Scholar

[14] J.-x.Niu, Q.-r.Chen, N.-x.Xu, Z.-lWei: Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China18 (2008) 1058. 10.1016/S1003-6326(08)60181-8NSearch in Google Scholar

[15] Y.Fan, G.Wu, C.Zhai: Mater. Sci. Eng. A433 (2006) 208. 10.1016/j.msea.2006.06.109Search in Google Scholar

[16] A.Pardo, M.C.Merino, A.E.Coy, F.Viejo, R.Arrabal, S.Feliú: Electrochim. Acta53 (2008) 7890. 10.1016/j.electacta.2008.06.001Search in Google Scholar

[17] Y.Fan, G.Wu, H.Gao, G.Li, C.Zhai: J. Mater. Sci41 (2006) 5409. 10.1007/s10853-006-0256-8Search in Google Scholar

[18] M.-C.Zhao, M.Liu, G.Song, A.Atrens: Corros. Sci.50 (2008) 1939. 10.1016/j.corsci.2008.04.010Search in Google Scholar

[19] S.Amira, D.Dubé, R.Tremblay, E.Ghali: Mater. Charact.59 (2008) 1508. 10.1016/j.matchar.2008.01.018Search in Google Scholar

[20] M.-C.Zhao, M.Liu, G.Song, A.Atrens: Adv. Eng. Mater.10 (2008) 104. 10.1002/adem.200700246Search in Google Scholar

[21] G.Ben-Hamu, D.Eliezer, A.Kaya, Y.G.Na, K.S.Shin: Mater. Sci. Eng. A435–436 (2006) 579. 10.1016/j.msea.2006.07.109Search in Google Scholar

[22] E.Zhang, W.He, H.Du, K.Yang: Mater. Sci. Eng. A488 (2008) 102. 10.1016/j.msea.2007.10.056Search in Google Scholar

[23] N.Birbilis, M.A.Easton, A.D.Sudholz, S.M.Zhu, M.AGibson: Corros. Sci.51 (2009) 683. 10.1016/j.corsci.2008.12.012Search in Google Scholar

[24] G.Wu, Y.Fan, H.Gao, C.Zhai, Y.P.Zhu: Mater. Sci. Eng. A408 (2005) 255. 10.1016/j.msea.2005.08.011Search in Google Scholar

[25] M.Jönsson, D.Thierry, N.LeBozec: Corrosi. Sci.48 (2006) 1193. 10.1016/j.corsci.2005.05.008Search in Google Scholar

[26] R.K. SinghRaman: Metall. Mater. Trans. A35 (2004) 2525. 10.1007/s11661-006-0233-5Search in Google Scholar

[27] M.Jönsson, D.Persson, R.Gubner: J. Electrochem. Soc.154 (2007) C684. 10.1149/1.2779957Search in Google Scholar

[28] C.op't Hoog, N.Birbilis, Y.Estrin: Adv. Eng. Mater.10 (2008) 579. 10.1002/adem.200800046Search in Google Scholar

[29] G.Song, A.L.Bowles, D.H.StJohn: Mater. Sci. Eng. A366 (2004) 74. 10.1016/j.msea.2003.08.060Search in Google Scholar

[30] Y.Liu, D.Liu, C.You, M.Chen: Front. Mater. Sci.9 (2015) 247. 10.1007/s11706-015-0299-3Search in Google Scholar

[31] P.Donelan: Mater. Sci. Tech.16 (2013) 261. 10.1179/026708300101507811Search in Google Scholar

[32] D.Dubé, A.Couture, Y.Carbonneau, M.Fiset, R.Angers, R.Tremblay: Int. J. Cast Metal. Res.11 (1998) 139. 10.1080/13640461.1998.11819268Search in Google Scholar

[33] J.M.V.Quaresma, C.A.Santos, A.Garcia: Metall. Mater. Trans. A31 (2000) 3167. 10.1007/s11661-000-0096-0Search in Google Scholar

[34] W.R.Osório, A.Garcia: Mater. Sci. Eng. A325 (2002) 103. 10.1016/S0921-5093(01)01455-1Search in Google Scholar

[35] W.R.Osório, C.A.Santos, J.Quaresma, A.Garcia: J. Mater. Process. Tech.143–144, 703709 (2003). 10.1016/S0924-0136(03)00355-8Search in Google Scholar

[36] M.Yang, S.-M.Xiong, Z.GuO: Acta Mater.112 (2016) 261. 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.04.014Search in Google Scholar

[37] J.Du, Z.GuO, M.Yang, S.-M.Xiong: Mater. Today Comm.13 (2017) 155. 10.1016/j.mtcomm.2017.09.009Search in Google Scholar

[38] J.Du, Z.GuO, A.Zhang, M.Yang, M.Li, S.-M.Xiong: Sci. Rep.7:13600 (2017) 1. 10.1038/s41598-017-12814-5Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[39] J.Du, A.Zhang, Z.GuO, M.Yang, M.Li, S.-M.Xiong: ACS Omega2 (2017) 8803. 10.1021/acsomega.7b01174Search in Google Scholar PubMed PubMed Central

[40] D.Bouchard, J.S.Kirkaldy: Metall. Mater. Trans. B28 (1997) 651. 10.1007/s11663-997-0039-xSearch in Google Scholar

[41] D.H.Kirkwood: Mater. Sci. Eng.73 (1985) L1. 10.1016/0025-5416(85)90319-2Search in Google Scholar

[42] W.Kurz, D.J.Fisher: Fundamentals of Solidification, Switzerland, Trans Tech Public; (1986) 216. 10.1002/crat.2170210909Search in Google Scholar

[43] R.Trivedi: Metall. Trans. A15 (1984) 977. 10.1007/BF02644689Search in Google Scholar

[44] A.Ditze, C.Scharf: Recycling of Magnesium, Papierflieger Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (2008) 76.Search in Google Scholar

[45] K.P.Young, D.H.Kerkwood: Metall. Trans. A6 (1975) 197. 10.1007/BF02673688Search in Google Scholar

[46] T.F.Bower, H.D.Brody, M.C.Flemings: Trans. TMS-AIME No236 (1966) 624.Search in Google Scholar

[47] T.ZKattamis, J.Coughlin, M.C.Flemings: Trans. TMS-AIME No239 (1967) 1504.Search in Google Scholar

[48] A.B.Michael, M.B.Bever: Trans. TMS-AIME No200 (1954) 47.Search in Google Scholar

[49] J.Horwath, L.Mondolfo: Acta Metall.10 (1962) 1037. 10.1016/0001-6160(62)90072-XSearch in Google Scholar

[50] T.Okamoto, K.Kishitake: J. Cryst. Growth29 (1975) 137. 10.1016/0022-0248(75)90217-1Search in Google Scholar

[51] M.A.Taha: Met. Sci.13 (1979) 9. 10.1179/030634579790434187Search in Google Scholar

[52] R.Günther, C.Hartig, R.Bormann: Acta Mater.54 (2006) 5591. 10.1016/j.actamat.2006.07.035Search in Google Scholar

[53] M.Paliwal, D.H.Kang, E.Essadiqi, I.Jung: Metall. Mater. Trans. A45 (2014) 3596. 10.1007/s11661-014-2288-zSearch in Google Scholar

[54] M.Masoumi, M.Pekguleryuz: AFS Trans.117 (2009) 617.Search in Google Scholar

[55] Y.He, A.Javaid, E.Essadiqi, M.Shehata: Can. Metall. Quart.48 (2009) 145. 10.1179/cmq.2009.48.2.145Search in Google Scholar

[56] M.Paliwal, I.H.Jung: Acta Mater.61 (2013) 4848. 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.04.063Search in Google Scholar

[57] C.H.Cáceres, C.J.Davidson, J.R.Griffiths, C.L.Newton: Mater. Sci. Eng. A325 (2002) 344. 10.1016/S0921-5093(01)01467-8Search in Google Scholar

[58] H.Yin, S.D.Felicelli: Mater. Sci. Eng.17 (2009) 1. 10.1088/0965-0393/17/7/075011Search in Google Scholar

[59] W.P.Sequeira, M.T.Murray, G.L.Dunlop, D.H.StJohn, in: Proc. Symposium on automotive alloys, Orlando, Florida, TMS (1997) 169.Search in Google Scholar

[60] C. DoLee, K.S.Shin: Met. Mater. Int.9 (2003) 21. 10.1007/BF03027225Search in Google Scholar

[61] U.Feurer, R.Wunderlin: Einfluss der Zusammensetzung und der Erstarrungsbedingungen auf die Dendritenmorphologie binärer Aluminiumlegierungen, Oberursel: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Metallkunde (1977) 8.Search in Google Scholar

[62] D.StJohn, H.David, M.Qian, M.A.Easton, P.Cao, Z.Hildebrand: Metall. Mater. Trans. A36 (2005) 1669. 10.1007/s11661-005-0030-6Search in Google Scholar

[63] S.Khan, N.Hort, E.Subasic, S.Schmauder: 10th Asian Foundry Congress, AFC-10, 21.–24.05.2008 (2008).Search in Google Scholar

[64] W.Cao, S.-L.Chen, F.Zhang, K.Wu, Y.Yang, Y.A.Chang, R.Schmid-Fetzer, W.A.Oates: Calphad33 (2009) 328. 10.1016/j.calphad.2008.08.004Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2018-03-23
Accepted: 2018-06-28
Published Online: 2018-11-29
Published in Print: 2018-12-10

© 2018, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Downloaded on 2.12.2022 from frontend.live.degruyter.dgbricks.com/document/doi/10.3139/146.111708/html
Scroll Up Arrow