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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 3, 2019

Effect of heat treatment on apatite coatings deposited on pre-calcified titanium substrates

Paper presented at the “VII International Congress of Biomaterials, BIOMAT'2018”, 14–16 March 2018, Havana, Cuba

  • Ana M. Beltrán , Yaimi Martin-Santana , Jesús E. González , Isabel Montealegre-Meléndez , Eduardo González , Eduardo Peón-Avés , Francisco J. Gotor and Yadir Torres


Titanium and its alloys are considered interesting materials for endosseous implants. However, they still present drawbacks related to their in-vivo behavior that can be overcome by coatings, such as apatite. This work focuses on the deposition of apatite coatings on commercially pure titanium (grade II) substrates previously pre-calcified. The influence of the temperature used in the thermal treatment on the microstructure and tribo-mechanical surface properties was analyzed. The coatings were structurally and chemically characterized and their tribo-mechanical behavior was evaluated. The nano-apatite coatings were only formed on surfaces with successive treatments in NaOH and CaCl2 solutions. In addition, scratch tests showed that after the heat treatment the nano-apatite coatings had high bond strength to the substrate.

Correspondence address, Ana M. Beltrán, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Sevilla, Virgen de África 7, 41011 Seville, Spain, Tel.: +34 954550131, e-mail:


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Received: 2018-05-28
Accepted: 2018-10-19
Published Online: 2019-04-03
Published in Print: 2018-04-12

© 2019, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

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