Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 17, 2019

Effect of sintering temperature on the densification and optical properties of spark plasma sintered ZnSe ceramics

Marzieh Ehsani, Saman Safian, Mohammad Zakeri and Mohammad Reza Rahimipour


In the present study, ZnSe ceramics were sintered at different temperatures in the range of 900 °C to 1 100 °C by spark plasma sintering. Microstructure, hardness, phase composition, and the optical properties of the ceramics were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, micro-Vickers hardness, X-ray diffraction and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The results indicated that temperature has a strong effect on grain growth as well as on reducing porosity and improving the properties. The optimal combination of properties (99.5 % density, 165 kg mm−2 hardness and 30 % transmission) was achieved after sintering at 1 100 °C for a holding time of 10 min with an applied pressure of 90 MPa. Furthermore, the grains tended to orient along the spark plasma sintering direction via preferential grain growth that was observed by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy.

Correspondence address, Mr. Saman Safian, Ceramic Department, Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC), Karaj, P.O. Box 14155-4777, Iran, Tel.: +98 26 36204131-4, Fax: +98 26 36201888, Email:


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Received: 2018-05-31
Accepted: 2018-10-26
Published Online: 2019-05-17
Published in Print: 2019-05-15

© 2019, Carl Hanser Verlag, München