Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 4, 2019

Effect of sintering temperature on structural and magnetic properties of bulk Mg-ferrites

  • Shahida Akhter , Sheikh Manjura Hoque and Md. Abdul Hakim


The present work focuses on the effect of sintering temperature on structural and magnetic properties of bulk MgFe2O4 ferrites prepared by the solid state reaction method and sintered at 1 200 °C, 1 300 °C and 1 400 °C. Single phase cubic spinel structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The bulk density, grain size and initial permeability increase with sintering temperatures. Decrease of hysteresis loops with low coercivity was observed in B–H loop studies. Saturation magnetization increases with sintering temperature and a higher value of magnetization at 5 K than 300 K was observed. In this communication the change in properties of bulk Mg-ferrite due to sintering temperature is explained in detail.

Correspondence address, Dr. Shahida Akhter, Professor, Department of Physics, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh, Tel.: +88 01716143980, E-mail:


[1] A.Goldman: Handbook of Modern Ferromagnetic Materials, kalwer Academic Publishers Boston, USA (1999). 10.1007/978-1-4615-4917-8Search in Google Scholar

[2] J.Smit: Magnetic Properties of Materials, Inter. University Electronics Series-Mc. Graw Hill, New York (1971).Search in Google Scholar

[3] A.Franco, M.S.Silva: J. Appl. Phys.113 (2013) 17B513. 10.1063/1.4796173Search in Google Scholar

[4] K.Seshan, A.L.Shashimohan, D.K.Chakrabarty, A.B.Biswas: Phys. Status SolidiA 68 (1981) 97. 10.1002/pssa.2210680113Search in Google Scholar

[5] C.Chen: Magnetism and Metallurgy of soft Magnetic Materials, Dover Publications, New York (1986) 26.Search in Google Scholar

[6] Q.Chen, Z.J.Zhang: Appl. Phys. Lett.73 (1998) 3156. 10.1063/1.122704Search in Google Scholar

[7] F.P.Koffyberg, F.A.Benko: J. Appl. Phys.53 (1982) 1173. 10.1063/1.330567Search in Google Scholar

[8] Z.Tinashu, P.Hing, Z.Jianeheng, K.Kingbing: Mater. Chem. Phys.61 (1999) 192. 10.1016/S0254-0584(99)00133-9Search in Google Scholar

[9] D.S.Mathew, R.S.Juang: Chem. Eng. J.129 (2007) 51. 10.1016/j.cej.2006.11.001Search in Google Scholar

[10] C.R.Vestal, Z.J.Zhang: Int. J. Nanotechnol.1 (2004) 240. 10.1504/IJNT.2004.003727Search in Google Scholar

[11] S.Akhter, D.P.Paul, S.Akhter, D.K.Saha, S.M.Hoque, M.A.Hakim: J. Sci. Res. (2014) 205. 10.3329/jsr.v6i2.17351Search in Google Scholar

[12] Sheikh ManjuraHoque, A. AbdulHakim, AlMamun, ShireenAkhter, Md. TanvirHasan, Deba PrasadPaul, KamanioChattopadhaya: J. Mat. Sci. Appl.2 (2011) 1564. 10.4236/msa.2011.211209Search in Google Scholar

[13] M.J.Iqbal, Z.Ahmed, T.Meydan, Y.Melikhov: J. Appl. Phys.111 (2012) 033906. 10.1063/1.3676438Search in Google Scholar

[14] LiLv, J.-P.Zhou, Q.Liu, G.Zhu, X.-Z.Chen, X.-B.Bian, P.Liu: PhysicaE 43 (2011) 1798. 10.1016/j.physe.2011.06.014Search in Google Scholar

[15] F.F.Lange, B.J.Kellett: J. Am. Ceram. Soc.72 (1989) 735. 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1989.tb06209.xSearch in Google Scholar

[16] A.K.M. AkhterHossain, S.T.Mahmud, M.Seki, T.Kawai, H.Tabata: J. Magn. Magn. Mater.312 (2007) 201. 10.1016/j.jmmm.2006.09.030Search in Google Scholar

[17] S.Akhter, M.A.Hakim, S. ManjuraHoque, H.N.Das: J. Appl. Phys.8 (2016) 123. 10.9790/4861-080603123129Search in Google Scholar

[18] E.Roess, Z.Hankl, E.Maser, Z.Angrew: Phys.17 (1964) 504.Search in Google Scholar

[19] A.Verma, T.C.Goel, R.G.Mendiratta: J. Magn. Magn. Mater.210 (2000) 274. 10.1016/S0304-8853(99)00451-5Search in Google Scholar

[20] K.Gangon, C.Jagdish, D.Anjana, P.K.Kotnala, M.Singh: J. Phys. Chem. Solids71 (2010) 375. 10.1016/j.jpcs.2010.01.003Search in Google Scholar

[21] M.M.Hossen, Z.I.Zaki, Q.Mohasen: Int. J. Mater. Sci.7 (2011) 30.Search in Google Scholar

[22] A.Globus, P.Duplex: IEEE Trans. Magn.MAG-2 (1966) 441. 10.1109/TMAG.1966.1065867Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2019-01-17
Accepted: 2019-05-10
Published Online: 2019-10-04
Published in Print: 2019-10-16

© 2019, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

Downloaded on 7.6.2023 from
Scroll to top button