Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 4, 2019

Composition dependence of the glass-forming ability and soft magnetic properties of Fe-rich Fe–Nb–B ternary alloys

  • Man Zhu , Peng Tao , Lijuan Yao , Zengyun Jian and Fang'e Chang


The glass formation, crystallization behavior, and soft magnetic properties of Fe80−xNbxB20 (x = 3, 6, and 9) and Fe82.5−yNbyB17.5 (y = 3.5, 5, 6, and 7) metallic glasses prepared by melt spinning were investigated. Differential scanning calorimetry analysis indicated that an increased Nb content results in increased thermal stability and glass-forming ability for both Fe80−xNbxB20 and Fe82.5−yNbyB17.5 glassy alloys. The supercooled liquid region increases from 26 to 50 K for Fe80−xNbxB20 alloys and from 32 to 48 K for Fe82.5−yNbyB17.5 alloys. Magnetic measurements reveal that saturation magnetization ranges from 65 to 137 emu g−1 for Fe80−xNbxB20 glassy alloys and varies from 91 to 121 emu g−1 for Fe82.5−yNbyB17.5 glassy alloys. The superior magnetic properties, high glass-forming ability, and low cost of raw materials make the current Fe–Nb–B ternary alloys promising for potential applications in the electronics industry.

Correspondence address, Dr. Man Zhu, School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Xi'an Technological University, No. 2 Xuefu Middle Road, Weiyang District, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710021, P.R. China, Tel.: +86-29-86173324, Fax: +86-29-86173324, E-mail:


[1] P.Duwez, S.C.H.Lin: J. Appl. Phys.38 (1967) 4096. 10.1063/1.1709084Search in Google Scholar

[2] A.Inoue: Acta Mater.48 (2000) 279. 10.1016/S1359-6454(99)00300-6Search in Google Scholar

[3] S.Y.Meng, H.B.Ling, Q.Li, J.J.Zhang: Scr. Mater.81 (2014) 24. 10.1016/j.scriptamat.2014.02.018Search in Google Scholar

[4] C.Y.Lin, H.Y.Tien, T.S.Chin: Appl. Phys. Lett.86 (2005) 162501. 10.1063/1.1901808Search in Google Scholar

[5] D.A.Babu, B.Majumdar, A.P.Srivastava, B.R.Rao, D.Srivastava, B.S.Murthy, D.Akhtar: Metall. Mater. Trans. A42 (2011) 508. 10.1007/s11661-010-0446-5Search in Google Scholar

[6] Z.P.Lu, C.T.Liu, J.R.Thompson, W.D.Porter: Phys. Rev. Lett.92 (2004) 245503. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.245503Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[7] J.Torrens-Serra, J.Rodríguez-Viejo, M.T.Clavaguera-Mora: Phys. Rev. B76 (2007) 214111. 10.1103/PhysRevB.76.214111Search in Google Scholar

[8] K.Suzuki, A.Makino, A.Inoue, T.Masumoto: J. Appl. Phys.74 (1993) 3316. 10.1063/1.354555Search in Google Scholar

[9] M.Stoica, K.Hajlaoui, A.Lemoulec, A.R.Yavari: Philos. Mag. Lett.86 (2006) 267. 10.1080/09500830600696344Search in Google Scholar

[10] J.M.Park, G.Wang, R.Li, N.Mattern, J.Eckert, D.H.Kim: Appl. Phys. Lett.96 (2010) 031905. 10.1063/1.3291668Search in Google Scholar

[11] Z.Y.Chang, X.M.Huang, L.Y.Chen, M.Y.Ge, Q.K.Jiang, X.P.Nie, J.Z.Jiang: Mater. Sci. Eng. A517 (2009) 246. 10.1016/j.msea.2009.03.082Search in Google Scholar

[12] J.M.Park, J.S.Park, D.H.Kim, J.H.Kim, E.Fleury: J. Mater. Res.21 (2006) 1019. 10.1557/jmr.2006.0126Search in Google Scholar

[13] J.H.Yao, H.Yang, J.Zhang, J.Q.Wang, Y.Li: J. Mater. Res.23 (2008) 392. 10.1557/JMR.2008.0055Search in Google Scholar

[14] J.H.Yao, J.Q.Wang, Y.Li: Appl. Phys. Lett.92 (2008) 251906. 10.1063/1.2949747Search in Google Scholar

[15] M.Imafuku, S.Sato, H.Koshiba, E.Matsubara, A.Inoue: Scr. Mater.44 (2001) 2369. 10.1016/S1359-6462(01)00776-XSearch in Google Scholar

[16] A.Makino, T.Hatanai, A.Inoue, T.Masumoto: Mater. Sci. Eng. A226–228 (1997) 594. 10.1016/S0921-5093(96)10693-6Search in Google Scholar

[17] A.Makino, K.Suzuki, A.Inoue, T.Masumoto: Mater. Sci. Eng. A179/180 (1994) 127. 10.1016/0921-5093(94)90178-3Search in Google Scholar

[18] A.Inoue, A.Makino: Nanostruct. Mater.9 (1997) 403. 10.1016/S0965-9773(97)00093-7Search in Google Scholar

[19] T.Itoi, A.Inoue: Mater. Trans. JIM40 (1999) 643. 10.2320/matertrans1989.40.643Search in Google Scholar

[20] J.Torrens-Serra, P.Bruna, J.Rodriguez-Viejo, S.Roth, M.T.Clavaguera-Mor: Intermetallics18 (2010) 773. 10.1016/j.intermet.2009.12.006Search in Google Scholar

[21] D.S.Song, J.H.Kim, E.Fleury, W.T.Kim, D.H.Kim: J. Alloys Compd.389 (2005) 159. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2004.08.014Search in Google Scholar

[22] Z.Stokłosa, J.Rasek, P.Kwapuliński, G.Haneczok, A.Chrobak, J.J.Lelątko, L.Pająk: Phys. Status Solidi A207 (2010) 452. 10.1002/pssa.200925356Search in Google Scholar

[23] A.R.Yavari, G.Fish, S.K.Das, L.A.Davis: Mater. Sci. Eng. A181–182 (1994) 1415. 10.1016/0921-5093(94)90875-3Search in Google Scholar

[24] A.Takeuchi, A.Inoue: Mater. Trans. JIM41 (2000) 1372. 10.2320/matertrans1989.41.1372Search in Google Scholar

[25] Y.Zhang, Y.J.Zhou, J.P.Lin, G.L.Chen, P.K.Liaw: Adv. Eng. Mater.10 (2008) 534. 10.1002/adem.200700240Search in Google Scholar

[26] E.Matsubara, S.Sato, M.Imafuku, T.Nakamura, H.Koshiba, A.Inoue, Y.Waseda: Mater. Sci. Eng. A312 (2001) 136. 10.1016/S0921-5093(00)01903-1Search in Google Scholar

[27] S.Vincent, J.Bhatt, B.S.Murty: Metall. Mater. Trans. A45 (2014) 2363. 10.1007/s11661-013-1855-zSearch in Google Scholar

[28] Z.Q.Liu, Z.F.Zhang: J. Appl. Phys.114 (2013) 243519. 10.1063/1.4858380Search in Google Scholar

[29] X.J.Gu, S.J.Poon, G.J.Shiflet, M.Widom: Acta Mater.56 (2008) 88. 10.1016/j.actamat.2007.09.011Search in Google Scholar

[30] A.Inoue, B.L.Shen, H.Koshiba, H.Kato, A.R.Yavari: Nature Mater.2 (2003) 661. 14502274 10.1038/nmat982Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[31] V.Ponnambalam, S.J.Poon, G.J.Shiflet, V.M.Keppens, R.Tayloy, G.Petculescu: Appl. Phys. Lett.83 (2003) 1131. 10.1063/1.1599636Search in Google Scholar

[32] P.Soderlind, R.Ahuja, O.Eriksson, J.M.Wills, B.Johansson: Phys. Rev. B50 (1994) 5918. 10.1103/PhysRevB.50.5918Search in Google Scholar PubMed

[33] A.P.Malozemoff, A.R.Williams, K.Terakura, V.L.Moruzzi, K.Fukamichi: J. Magn. Magn. Mater.35 (1983) 192. 10.1016/0304-8853(83)90492-4Search in Google Scholar

[34] T.Mizoguchi: AIP Confer. Proc.34 (1976) 286. 10.1063/1.2946104Search in Google Scholar

[35] K.Fukamichi, R.J.Gambino: IEEE Trans. Magn.17 (1981) 3059. 10.1109/TMAG.1981.1061592Search in Google Scholar

[36] T.D.Shen, B.R.Sun, S.W.Xin: Intermetallics65 (2015) 111. 10.1016/j.intermet.2015.06.001Search in Google Scholar

[37] M.J.Shi, Z.Q.Liu, T.Zhang: J. Mater. Sci. Technol.31 (2015) 493. 10.1016/j.jmst.2014.10.009Search in Google Scholar

[38] H.X.Li, J.E.Gao, S.L.Wang, S.Yi, Z.P.Lu: Metall. Mater. Trans. A43 (2012) 2615. 10.1007/s11661-011-0792-ySearch in Google Scholar

[39] I.Betancourt, R.Landa: J. Alloys Compd.481 (2009) 87. 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.03.145Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2019-02-26
Accepted: 2019-07-18
Published Online: 2019-12-04
Published in Print: 2019-12-10

© 2019, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

Downloaded on 24.9.2023 from
Scroll to top button