Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter September 7, 2020

Experimental measurement and thermodynamic model predictions of the distributions of Cu, As, Sb and Sn between liquid lead and PbO–FeO–Fe2O3–SiO2 slag

Denis Shishin, Taufiq Hidayat, Ummul Sultana, Maksym Shevchenko and Evgueni Jak

Abstract

Due to the increasing complexity of materials processed in primary and secondary lead smelting, better control of impurity elements is required. In the present study, distributions of Cu, As, Sb and Sn between PbO–FeO–Fe2O3–SiO2 slag and Pb metal are characterized experimentally and analyzed using thermodynamic calculations. Experimental methodology involved closed-system equilibration of sample mixtures at high temperature followed by rapid quenching. The compositions of phases were measured using electron probe X-ray microanalysis and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Thermodynamic calculations were performed using the FactSage software coupled with an internal thermodynamic database. Experimentally obtained distribution coefficients wt.% in slag/wt.% in metal at 1 200 °C (1 473 K) follow the sequence Sn >> Cu > As ≈ Sb at P(O2) < 10−9.5 atm and Sn >> As ≈ Sb > Cu at P(O2) > 10−8.5 atm. Model predictions are in good agreement with the experiment.


Correspondence address, Denis Shishin, Pyrometallurgy Innovation Center, School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane QLD 4072, Australia, Tel.: +61 7 3443 2714, , ORCIDs: Denis Shishin 0000-0003-2734-1078, Taufiq Hidayat 0000-0002-1326-2427, Ummul Khair Sultana 0000-0002-9535-384X, Maksym Shevchenko 0000-0002-9420-9336, Evgueni Jak 0000-0002-7768-1874

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Received: 2020-02-16
Accepted: 2020-06-15
Published Online: 2020-09-07
Published in Print: 2020-09-16

© 2020, Carl Hanser Verlag, München