Boron-added steel has been used in several automotive components in which the energy absorbed in impact testing is an important requirement. Previous thermodynamic studies have shown that boron addition promotes significant change in equilibrium phases, increasing the volume fraction of precipitated phases, mostly due to increased carbide stability and formation of borocarbides. As volume fraction, size and distribution of precipitates influence the absorbed energy in impact testing of steels, it is important to study M23(B,C)6 borocarbide precipitation and coarsening kinetics and its effects on Charpy V-notch absorbed energy of boron steels. In the present work, borocarbide coarsening kinetics were evaluated using optical microscopy in samples heat-treated at 880 0C for different times. The borocarbide coarsening kinetics data suggest that growth is controlled by an interfacial reaction mechanism. The Charpy V-notch absorbed energy decreases with increasing borocarbide section size and the embrittlement was successfully described by an empirical equation.
© 2020 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston