Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 11, 2013

Microstructural Analysis of Impact Wear in Perforating Projectiles

Gefügeanalyse des Aufprallverschleißes bei Durchschlagprojektilen
  • Miguel Angel Martínez , Natividad Antón , Francisco Velasco and José Manuel Torralba
From the journal Practical Metallography


This paper examines the macro- and microstructural characteristics of perforating projectiles type Armour Piercing Discarding Sabot (APDS) 20 mm, after being detained by armour plates normally used as defence against projectiles. The effect of impact of these projectiles against high density alumina tiles with several materials of backing plate (steel, alumina and composite) is studied to determine the structural modifications of these projectiles by microhardness and image analysis. The results provide data for studies of simulation of impacts in the design of armour plating.


Zur Untersuchung kamen die makro- und mikrostrukturellen Eigenschaften von Durchschlagprojektilen des Typs Armour Piercing Discarding Sabot (APDS) 20 mm nach dem Aufhalten durch Panzerplatten, die normalerweise als Schutz gegen Projektile verwendet werden. Der Effekt des Aufpralls dieser Projektile in hochdichte Aluminiumoxidplatten mit unterschiedlichen Trägerplatten (Stahl, Aluminiumoxid und Verbundmaterial) wurde zur Bestimmung der Gefügeveränderungen dieser Projektile durch Mikrohärtemessung und Bildanalyse untersucht. Die Ergebnisse liefern Daten zur Simulation eines Aufpralls für das Design von Panzerplatten.


[1] Mart¡nez, M.A.; Chocr¢n, I.S.; Rodr¡guez, J.; SnchezG.Ivez, V.; Sastre, L.A.: Adhes. adhesives.18 (1998) 37538310.1016/S0143-7496(98)00023-2Search in Google Scholar

[2] Zaera, R.: Ph.D. Thesis, Universidad Polit‚cnica de Madrid, Madrid, 1997Search in Google Scholar

[3] Andrew, S.P.; Caligiuri, R.D.; Eiselstein, L.E.: Relationship between dynamic properties and penetration mechanisms of tungsten and depleted uranium penetrators, in: Proc. 13th Int. Symp. on Ballistics, 1992. Stockholm, 1992Search in Google Scholar

[4] Weston, G.M.; Burman, N.M.: The influence of explosive shock hardening on the high strain rate mechanical properties of copper and iron, in:. Proc. 13th Int. Symp. on Ballistics, 1992, Stockholm, 1992Search in Google Scholar

[5] Lee, W.S.; Chiou, S.T.: Comp. B.27 (1996) 19320010.1016/1359-8368(95)00051-8Search in Google Scholar

[6] Couque, H.; Eches, N.: J. Phys. IV7 (1997) C3, 40340810.1515/9783110954579.403Search in Google Scholar

[7] Stilp, A.J.; Hohner, V.: Int. J. Impact Eng.17 (1995) 46, 797–80310.1016/0734-743X(95)99900-CSearch in Google Scholar

[8] Ekbom, L.; Holmberg, L.; Persson, A.: An Armour-Piercing projectile with spiculating core, in: Proc. 13th Int. Symp. on Ballistics, 1992, Stockholm, 1992Search in Google Scholar

[9] Woodward, R.L.; Baxter, B.J.: Int. J. Impact Eng.15 (1994) 6, 119124Search in Google Scholar

[10] Gerlach, U.: Metall. Trans. A.17A (1986) 43544210.1007/BF02643950Search in Google Scholar

[11] Lankford, J.; Anderson, C.E.; Royal, S.A.; Riegel, J.P.: Int. J. Impact Eng.18 (1996) 5, 565578Search in Google Scholar

[12] Rosenberg, Z.; Yechurun, Y.; Tsaliah, J.: More on the thick-backing screening technique for ceramic tiles against AP projectiles, in: Proc. 12th Int. Symp. on Ballistics, San Antonio, 1990Search in Google Scholar

[13] Navarro, C.; Mart¡nez, M.A.; Cort‚s, R.Snchez, V.: Int. J. Impact Eng.13 (1993) 1, 145156Search in Google Scholar

[14] Bose, A.: Advances in particulate materials. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1995, p. 3637Search in Google Scholar

[15] German, R.M.: Sintering theory and practice. John Wiley and Sons, 1996, p. 230231Search in Google Scholar

[16] Schatt, W.; WretersK.P.: Powder Metallurgy: Processing and Materials. European Powder Metallurgy Association, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom, 1997, p. 414416Search in Google Scholar

[17] Song, H.S.; Noh, J.W.; Baek, W.H.; Kang, S.J.L.; Chun, B.S.: Metall. Mater. Trans. A.28A (1997) 48548910.1007/s11661-997-0149-8Search in Google Scholar

[18] ASM Handbook9th. Edition, vol. 9, 1985, 439446.Search in Google Scholar

[19] Nazar, A.M.; Silva, F.A.; Ammann, J.J.: Int. J. Mater. Struct. Beh.36 (1996) 45, 165–173Search in Google Scholar

[20] Ekbom, L.: Powder Metall. 14 (1980) 177188Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2003-1-14
Accepted: 2004-2-3
Published Online: 2013-06-11
Published in Print: 2005-06-01

© 2005, Carl Hanser Verlag, München

Downloaded on 5.12.2023 from
Scroll to top button