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Dynamics of Filler Size and Spatial Distribution in a Plasticating Single Screw Extruder – Modeling and Experimental Observations

N. Domingues, A. Gaspar-Cunha, J. A. Covas, M. Camesasca, M. Kaufman and I. Manas-Zloczower

Abstract

A model of agglomerate break-up, incorporating both rupture and erosion, is employed to predict the dynamics of filler size distribution in a plasticating single screw extruder. Filler spatial distribution along the extruder length was also ascertained and direct comparison of experimental and computational data proved to be satisfactory. The method was also used to investigate the effect of material properties, operating conditions and extruder geometry on the dynamics of agglomerate dispersion along a single screw extruder. Generally, dispersion levels were primarily governed by the magnitude of the hydrodynamic stresses developed in the extruder and the residence time in the melt.


Mail address: António Gaspar-Cunha, IPC – Institute for Polymer and Composites, Department of Polymer Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Azurém, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal. E-mail:

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Received: 2009-10-08
Accepted: 2010-04-13
Published Online: 2013-04-06
Published in Print: 2010-07-01

© 2010, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich