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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter June 30, 2014

Novel Embossing System for Replicating Micro-Structures on Curved Surfaces

  • S.-C. Nian


Hot embossing is widely used to replicate micro-structures on polymer plate surfaces. The polymer parts of curved surfaces with micro-structures have important functions in various optoelectronic components. However, due to the high precision needed for embossing machines and mold manufacturing, achieving uniform pressure on curved surfaces during the embossing process is difficult. This study modified conventional hot embossing processes to develop an elastic bag embossing system (EBES) for replicating micro-structures on curved surfaces. The pressure equalizing properties of the elastic bag enabled uniform application of pressure on curved surfaces embossed with a general hot compression machine. For the EBES-assisted hot embossing process, a nickel stamper was attached to the elastic bag to compress and replicate micro-structures on the PC film covering the mold surface with single direction curve. This study also developed an EBES-assisted UV exposure process that used a PDMS soft-mold attached to the elastic bag surface to compress the UV curable photoresist covering the surface of the convex lens. Micro-structures were then formed by exposing the photoresist. Experimental results showed that the EBES with Ni stamper could successfully replicated micro-structures onto a 200 mm × 200 mm curved PC film and that the EBES-assisted UV exposure could successfully produced a 50 mm diameter fresnel lens on a convex profile with material of UV photoresist. Experimental tests of pressure-sensitive film showed that EBES enables uniform application of pressure on curved surfaces during the embossing process on standard hot compression machines. The experimental results confirm that the EBES developed in this study is an efficient and economical method for replicating micro-structures on curved surface.

* Mail address: Shih-Chih Nian, Dept. of Power Mechanical Engineering, National Taitung College, 889 Jhengci N. Road, Taitung City 95045, Taiwan, ROC, E-mail:


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Received: 2013-03-23
Accepted: 2014-01-09
Published Online: 2014-06-30
Published in Print: 2014-07-30

© 2014, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich

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