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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 20, 2017

Bio-Based Hybrid Polymers from Vinyl Ester Resin and Modified Palm Oil: Synthesis and Characterization

  • A. Fakhari , A. R. Rahmat , M. U. Wahit and R. Arjmandi


A series of bio-based hybrid thermosets composed of maleinated acrylated epoxidized palm oil (MAEPO) and vinyl ester resin (VE) were produced using free radical-induced crosslinking. The amount of petroleum-based resin which was replaced by bio-resin (MAEPO) was varied from 5 to 20 wt%. The structure of the polymer systems was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and dynamic mechanical analysis. The mechanical properties of the VE/MAEPO resins were studied using tensile, flexural and impact tests. The result obtained from structural analysis revealed that for the polymer hybrids with up to 20 wt% bio-resin content, there is good compatibility between MAEPO and VE as no phase separation was observed for these systems. The prepared eco-friendly bio-based thermosetting resins exhibit remarkable improvement in toughness parameters, such as ductility and impact strength, thereby showing potential for use in composites and nanocomposites applications.

*Correspondence address, Mail address: Alireza Fakhari, Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, E-mail:


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Received: 2015-08-25
Accepted: 2016-06-09
Published Online: 2017-02-20
Published in Print: 2017-03-03

© 2017, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich

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