Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 30, 2020

Sansevieria Trifasciata Fibre and Composites: A Review of Recent Developments

A. G. Adeniyi, S. A. Adeoye and J. O. Ighalo


Sansevieria trifasciata fibre has low costs, wide availability, high specific strength, renewability and low density and can be used as reinforcement in polymer composites. This review aims to evaluate the recent developments in Sansevieria trifasciata fibre and its application in polymer composites. This was done to evaluate the progress of research, identify knowledge gaps and predict interesting areas for future work. Extraction of Sansevieria trifasciata fibre is mainly by decortication and water retting. The composites are prepared mostly by hand lay-up and cured by either compression molding (cold or hot press) or casting. The surface treatment of S. trifasciata fibre can enhance the fibre-matrix interfacial adhesion and improve the mechanical properties of the composites. S. trifasciata fibre-reinforced composites have relatively good mechanical properties, which depend on processing methods, fibre loading, fibre length and fibre orientation. Future work is suggested in the area of detailed chemical compositions, novel preparation techniques, evaluation of electrical properties, lifecycle analysis and techno-economic analysis.

Correspondence address, Mail address: Adewale George Adeniyi, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, P. M. B. 1515, Nigeria, E-mail:


Abilash, N., Sivapragash, M., “Optimizing the Delamination Failure in Bamboo Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composite”, Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences, 28, 92102 (2016) 10.1016/j.jksues.2013.09.004 Search in Google Scholar

Abral, H., Kenedy, E., “Thermal Degradation and Tensile Strength of Sansevieria Trifasciata-Polypropylene Composites”, Paper Presented at the Global Conference on Polymer and Composite Materials, Beijing, PRC (2015) 10.1088/1757-899X/87/1/012011 Search in Google Scholar

Adekunle, K. F., “Surface Treatments of Natural Fibres–A Review: Part 1”, Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry, 5, 4146 (2015) 10.4236/ojpchem.2015.53005 Search in Google Scholar

Adeniyi, A. G., Adeoye, A. S., Ighalo, J. O. and Onifade, D. V., “FEA of Effective Elastic Properties of Banana Fiber-Reinforced Polystyrene Composite”, Mech. Adv. Mater. Struct., online (2020) 10.1080/15376494.2020.1712628 Search in Google Scholar

Adeniyi, A. G., Adeoye, A. S., Onifade, D. V. and Ighalo, J. O., “Multi – Scale Finite Element Analysis of Effective Elastic Property of Sisal Fiber Reinforced Polystyrene Composites”, Mech. Adv. Mater. Struct., online (2019a) 10.1080/15376494.2019.1660016 Search in Google Scholar

Adeniyi, A. G., Ighalo, J. O. and Onifade, D. V., (2019b) Banana and Plantain Fiber Reinforced Polymer CompositesJournal of Polymer Engineering39:597611 (2019b) 10.1515/Polyeng-2019-0085 Search in Google Scholar

Adeniyi, A. G., Onifade, D. V., Ighalo, J. O. and Adeoye, A. S., “A Review of Coir Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites”, Composites Part B, 176, 107305 (2019c) 10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107305 Search in Google Scholar

Akil, H. M., Omar, M. F., Mazuki, A. A. M., Safiee, S., Ishak, Z. A. M. and Abu, B. A., “Kenaf Fiber Reinforced Composites: A Review”, Mater. Des., 32, 41074121 (2011) 10.1016/j.matdes.2011.04.008 Search in Google Scholar

Amel, B. A., Paridah, M. T., Sudin, R., Anwar, U. and Hussein, A. S., “Effect of Fiber Extraction Methods on Some Properties of Kenaf Bast Fiber”, Ind. Crops Prod., 46, 117123 (2013) 10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.12.015 Search in Google Scholar

Apang, D. S., Mardiyati, R. S. and Bambang, W., “The Effect of Alkaline Treatment and Fiber Orientation on Impact Resistant of Biocomposites Sansevieria Trifasciata Fiber/Polypropylene as Automotive Components Material”, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology (ICOMMET 2017), American Institute of Physics, Bandung, Indonesia (2018) 10.1063/1.5030263 Search in Google Scholar

Appell, S. D.: The Potted Garden – New Plants and New Approaches for Container Gardens, Brooklyn Botanic Garden, New York (2001) Search in Google Scholar

Asaye, D. W., “Extraction and Characterization of Natural Cellulose Fibers from Sanseveria Trifasciata Plant Trends in Textile”, Trends in Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology, 5 (2019), Search in Google Scholar

Bahari, S. A., Grigsby, W. J. and Krause, A., “Flexural Properties of PVC/Bamboo Composites under Static and Dynamic-Thermal Conditions: Effects of Composition and Water Absorption”, Int. J. Polym. Sci., 2717848 (2017) 10.1155/2017/2717848 Search in Google Scholar

Biswas, B., Chabri, S., Mitra, B. C., Bandyopadhyay, N. R. and Sinha, A., “Mechanical Behaviour of Aluminium Dispersed Unsaturated Polyester/Jute Composites for Structural Applications”, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India): Series C, 99, 525530 (2018) 10.1007/s40032-016-0329-7 Search in Google Scholar

Brown, N. E.: Sansevieria. A Monograph of All the Known Species Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, p. 185261 (1915) 10.2307/4107465 Search in Google Scholar

Cheung, H.-Y., Ho, M.-P., Lau, K.-.T, Cardona, F. and Hui, D., “Natural Fibre-Reinforced Composites for Bioengineering and Environmental Engineering Applications, Composites Part B, 40, 6556638 (2009) 10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.04.014 Search in Google Scholar

Das, S., Rahman, M. and Hasan, M., “Physico-Mechanical Properties of Pineapple Leaf and Banana Fiber Reinforced Hybrid Polypropylene Composites: Effect of Fiber Ratio and Sodium Hydroxide Treatment”, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., 1, P 012027 (2018) 10.1088/1757-899X/438/1/012027 Search in Google Scholar

Dittenber, D. B., Gangarao, H. V., “Critical Review of Recent Publications on Use of Natural Composites in Infrastructure”, Composites Part A, 43, 14191429 (2012) 10.1016/j.compositesa.2011.11.019 Search in Google Scholar

Essabir, H., Boujmal, R., Bensalah, M. O., Rodrigue, D., Bouhfid, R. and El Kacem Qaiss, A., “Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Hybrid Composites: Oil-Palm Fiber/Clay Reinforced High Density Polyethylene”, Mech. Mater., 98, 3643 (2016) 10.1016/j.mechmat.2016.04.008 Search in Google Scholar

Gwon, J. G., Lee, S. Y., Doh, G. H. and Kim, J. H., “Characterization of Chemically Modified Wood Fibers Using FTIR Spectroscopy for Biocomposites”, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 116, 32123219 (2010) 10.1002/app.31746 Search in Google Scholar

Hariharashayee, D., Akram Abu Hanif, M., Aravind, S., Mohamed Yasar, S. and Abdul Azeez, M., “Investigation of Mechanical Properties of KMnO4 Treated Sansevieria Cylindrical Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite”, International Journal of Advance Research and Development, 3, 294298 (2018) Search in Google Scholar

Hassan, A., Rafiq, M. I. M. and Ariffin, M. I. Z., “Improving Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Kenaf Fibre-Reinforced Polyhydroxy-Butyrate Composites through Fibre Surface Treatment, Bioresources, 14, 31013116 (2019) Search in Google Scholar

Ighalo, J. O., Adeniyi, A. G., “A Mini-Review of the Morphological Properties of Biosorbents Derived from Plant Leaves”, SN Applied Sciences, 2, 509 (2020) 10.1007/s42452-020-2335-x Search in Google Scholar

John, M. J., Anandjiwala, R. D., “Recent Developments in Chemical Modification and Characterization of Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composites”, Polym. Compos., 29, 187207 (2008) 10.1002/pc.20461 Search in Google Scholar

John, M. J., Thomas, S., “Biofibres and Biocomposites”, Carbohydr. Polym., 71, 343364 (2008) 10.1016/j.carbpol.2007.05.040 Search in Google Scholar

Kanimozhi, M., “Investigating the Physical Characteristics of Sansevieria Trifasciata Fiber”, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 1, 3034 (2011) Search in Google Scholar

Keng, H., Chin, S. C. and Tan, H. T. W.: The Concise Flora of Singapore, 2nd Volume, Singapore University Press, Singerpore (1998) Search in Google Scholar

Khalil, H. A., Bhat, I., Jawaid, M., Zaidon, A., Hermawan, D. and Hadi, Y., “Bamboo Fibre Reinforced Biocomposites: A Review”, Mater. Des., 42, 353368 (2012) 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.06.015 Search in Google Scholar

Li, X., Tabil, L. G. and Panigrahi, S., “Chemical Treatments of Natural Fiber for Use in Natural Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Review”, J. Polym. Environ., 15, 2533 (2007) 10.1007/s10924-006-0042-3 Search in Google Scholar

Liu, Q., Shaw, M. T., Parnas, R. S. and McDonnell, A. M., “Investigation of Basalt Fiber Composite Mechanical Properties for Applications in Transportation”, Polym. Compos., 27, 4148 (2006) 10.1002/pc.20162 Search in Google Scholar

Lodha, P., Netravali, A. N., “Characterization of Interfacial and Mechanical Properties of “Green” Composites with Soy Protein Isolate and Ramie Fiber”, J. Mater. Sci., 37, 36573665 (2002) Search in Google Scholar

Mardiyati, S., Raden, R. R., Senoaji, A. and Suratman, R., “Effects of Alkali Treatment on the Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Sansevieria Trifasciata Fiber”, 3rd International Conference on Advanced Materials Science and Technology (ICAMST 2015), American Institute of Physics, Bandung, Indonesia (2016) 10.1063/1.4945497 Search in Google Scholar

Mittal, V., Saini, R. and Sinha, S., “Natural Fiber-Mediated Epoxy Composites – A Review”, Composites Part B, 99, 425435 (2016) 10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.06.051 Search in Google Scholar

Mohammed, A., Abdullah, A., “Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM): A Review”, Proceedings of 2018 International Conference on Hydraulics and Pneumatics–Hervex, Băile Govora, Romania (2019) Search in Google Scholar

Mothé, C., De Miranda, I., “Characterization of Sugarcane and Coconut Fibers by Thermal Analysis and FTIR”, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 97, 661665 (2009) 10.1007/s10973-009-0346-3 Search in Google Scholar

Mukhopadhyay, S., Deopura, B. and Alagiruswamy, R., “Interface Behavior in Polypropylene Composites”, J. Thermoplast. Compos. Mater., 16, 479495 (2003) 10.1177/089270503038223 Search in Google Scholar

Nair, K. M., Thomas, S., “Effect of Interface Modification on the Mechanical Properties of Polystyrene-Sisal Fiber Composites”, Polym. Compos., 24, 332343 (2003) 10.1002/pc.10033 Search in Google Scholar

Naveen, J., Jawaid, M., Amuthakkannan, P. and Chandrasekar, M., “Chapter 21 Mechanical and Physical Properties of Sisal and Hybrid Sisal Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites”, in Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites, Elsevier, Sawston, Cambridge, p. 427440 (2019) 10.1016/B978-0-08-102292-4.00021-7 Search in Google Scholar

Nurzam, E. Z., Ishak, A., Wan, Z. W. M. and Azizah, B., “Effects of Fibre Size on Sansevieria Trifasciata/Natural Rubber/High Density Polyethylene Biocomposites”, Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 22, 10571064 (2018) Search in Google Scholar

Onifade, D. V., Ighalo, J. O., Adeniyi, A.G. and Hameed, K., “Morphological and Thermal Properties of Polystyrene Composite Reinforced with Biochar from Plantain Stalk Fibre”, Materials International, 2, 150156, (2020) 10.33263/Materials22.150156 Search in Google Scholar

Orue, A., Jauregi, A., Unsuain, U., Labidi, J., Eceiza, A. and Arbelaiz, A., “The Effect of Alkaline and Silane Treatments on Mechanical Properties and Breakage of Sisal Fibers and Poly(lactic acid)/Sisal Fiber Composites”, Composites Part A, 84, 186195 (2016) 10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.01.021 Search in Google Scholar

Palla, H. S., Mohana, R. Y. V., Hemachandra, R. K., Ashok, K. M. and Ramesh, A., “The Effect of Fiber Length on Tensile Properties of Polyester Resin Composites Reinforced by the Fibers of Sansevieria Trifasciata”, International Letters of Natural Sciences, 3, 713 (2013) Search in Google Scholar

Pickering, K. L., Efendy, M. A. and Le, T. M., “A Review of Recent Developments in Natural Fibre Composites and their Mechanical Performance”, Composites Part A, 83, 98112 (2016) 10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.08.038 Search in Google Scholar

Pradipta, R., Mardiyati, S. and Purnomo, I., “Effect of Maleic Anhydride Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Sansevieria Fiber/Vinyl Ester Composites”, AIP Conference Proceedings, 1823, 020097 (2017) 10.1063/1.4978170 Search in Google Scholar

Ramanaiah, K., Ratna Prasad, A. and Chandra Reddy, K. H., “Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Sansevieria Green Fiber Reinforcement”, Int. J. Polym. Anal. Charact., 16, 602608 (2011) 10.1080/1023666X.2011.622358 Search in Google Scholar

Rwawiire, S., Okello, J. and Habbi, G., “Comparative Evaluation of Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Composites Reinforced with Woven Fabrics from Sansevieria Trifasciata and Banana Fibers”, Tekstilec, 57, 315320 (2014) 10.14502/Tekstilec2014.57.315-320 Search in Google Scholar

Rwawiire, S., Tomkova, B., “Morphological, Thermal, and Mechanical Characterization of Sansevieria Trifasciata Fibers”, J. Nat. Fibers, 12, 201210 (2015) 10.1080/15440478.2014.914006 Search in Google Scholar

Saba, N., Alothman, O. Y., Almutairi, Z. and Jawaid, M., “Magnesium Hydroxide Reinforced Kenaf Fibers/Epoxy Hybrid Composites: Mechanical and Thermomechanical Properties”, Constr. Build. Mater., 201, 138148 (2019) 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.12.182 Search in Google Scholar

Sameer, R. K., Kumar, A. M., Murthy, N. V. and Karthikeyan, N., “Development of Sansevieria Trifasciata – Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Hybrid Nanocomposites”, International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, 50, 179187 (2015) 10.18052/ Search in Google Scholar

Santos, E. F., Mauler, R. S. and Nachtigall, S. M., “Effectiveness of Maleated-and-Silanized-PP for Coir Fiber-Filled Composites”, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., 28, 21192129 (2009) 10.1177/0731684408091704 Search in Google Scholar

Sathishkumar, T., “Development of Snake Grass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composite Chair”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L, Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 230, 273281 (2016) 10.1177/1464420715569291 Search in Google Scholar

Sathishkumar, T., Navaneethakrishnan, P. and Shankar, S., “Tensile and Flexural Properties of Snake Grass Natural Fiber Reinforced Isophthallic Polyester Composites”, Compos. Sci. Technol., 72, 11831190 (2012) 10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.04.001 Search in Google Scholar

Sathishkumar, T., Navaneethakrishnan, P., Shankar, S. and Rajasekar, R., “Investigation of Chemically Treated Longitudinally Oriented Snake Grass Fiber-Reinforced Isophthallic Polyester Composites”, J. Reinf. Plast. Compos., 32, 16981714 (2013) 10.1177/0731684413495321 Search in Google Scholar

Seidemann, J.: World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy, Springer Science & Business Media, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005) Search in Google Scholar

Siakeng, R., Jawaid, M., Ariffin, H. and Salit, M. S., “Effects of Surface Treatments on Tensile, Thermal and Fibre-Matrix Bond Strength of Coir and Pineapple Leaf Fibres with Poly Lactic Acid”, J. Bionic Eng., 15, 10351046 (2018) 10.1007/s42235-018-0091-z Search in Google Scholar

Siyamak, S., Ibrahim, N. A., Abdolmohammadi, S., Yunus, W. M. Z. W. and Rahman, M. Z. A., “Effect of Fiber Esterification on Fundamental Properties of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber/Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) Biocomposites”, Int. J. Mol. Sci., 13, 13271346 (2012) 10.3390/ijms13021327 Search in Google Scholar

Sreenivasan, V., Rajini, N., Alavudeen, A. and Arumugaprabu, V., “Dynamic Mechanical and Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis of Sansevieria Cylindrica/Polyester Composite: Effect of Fiber Length, Fiber Loading and Chemical Treatment”, Composites Part B, 69, 7686, (2015) 10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.09.025 Search in Google Scholar

Sreenivasan, V., Ravindran, D., Manikandan, V. and Narayanasamy, R., “Influence of Fibre Treatments on Mechanical Properties of Short Sansevieria Cylindrica/Polyester Composites”, Mater. Des., 37, 111121 (2012) 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.01.004 Search in Google Scholar

Tallei, T. E., Rembet, R. E., Pelealu, J. J. and Kolondam, B. J., “Sequence Variation and Phylogenetic Analysis of Sansevieria Trifasciata (Asparagaceae)”, Bioscience Research, 13, 0107 (2016) Search in Google Scholar

Thanesh, A., Palani, S., Alagu, S., Selvam, M. and Harish, K. A., “Sancevaria Trifasciata Laurent II Polyester Composites”, International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 116, 215222 (2017) Search in Google Scholar

Thanu, M. C., Christopher, T., Manikandan, V. and Rajadurai, J. S., “Influence of Fibre Treatments and Hybridization on Interfacial Shear Strength of Sansevieria Cylindrica Fibre Reinforced Bio-Degradable Composite”, Rev. Téc. Ing. Univ. Zulia., 39, 2029 (2016) 10.21311/ Search in Google Scholar

Venkatachalam, N., Navaneethakrishnan, P., Rajsekar, R. and Shankar, S., “Effect of Pretreatment Methods on Properties of Natural Fiber Composites: A Review”, Polym. Polym. Compos., 24, 555566 (2016) 10.1177/096739111602400715 Search in Google Scholar

Wang, X., Chang, L., Shi, X. and Wang, L., “Effect of Hot-Alkali Treatment on the Structure Composition of Jute Fabrics and Mechanical Properties of Laminated Composites”, Materials, 12, 1386 (2019) 10.3390/ma12091386 Search in Google Scholar

Yan, L., Chouw, N., Huang, L. and Kasal, B., “Effect of Alkali Treatment on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Coir Fibres, Coir Fibre Reinforced-Polymer Composites and Reinforced-Cementitious Composites”, Construct. Build. Mater., 112, 168182 (2016) 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.02.182 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2019-11-13
Accepted: 2020-05-10
Published Online: 2020-07-30
Published in Print: 2020-08-13

© 2020, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich