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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 1, 2018

A comparison of fibre deformations from mill like and laboratory kraft cooking of softwood

Lennart Salmén and Joanna Hornatowska

Abstract

The fact that industrial pulps have a lower strength than their corresponding laboratory pulps is an unsolved problem affecting in various ways the potential fibre utilisation in different mills. The loss of pulp strength has to a great extent been attributed to changes at the fibre level. In order to clarify in what way changes in fibre properties contribute to the strength losses, cooking experiments were conducted using a laboratory batch digester in which mechanical forces may be introduced. Fibre properties, i.e. fibre structure and fibre strength, of laboratory-made pulps were compared with those of an industrial pulp. It was concluded that two essentially different mechanisms may be identified; one related to the transverse fibre shape, the other to fibre damage. The latter is manifested as lower rewetted zero-span strength which reduces tear resistance and tensile strength of the pulp. The former is a collapse of the fibre, reducing the lumen area and resulting in a pulp with lower water-retaining capacity, given sheets of lower density and a pulp that has to be beaten to a higher degree to reach the desired bonding and the desired tensile strength.

Received: 2013-09-06
Accepted: 2013-12-06
Published Online: 2018-11-01
Published in Print: 2014-05-01

© 2018 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

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