An efficient ion chromatographic (IC) method was developed for the simultaneous quantitative determination of Li+, Na+, NH4+, K+, Cs+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Sr2+, Ba2+ and Be2+ in energy drinks, pharmaceutical and drinking water samples by non-suppressed conductometric detection. The separation of ten cations including ammonium was achieved using a cation-exchange column and low conductivity mobile phase. The mobile phase consisted of tartaric acid, dipicolinic acid and boric acid. The separation of the cations was completed in less than 18 min, with a flow rate of 1.2 mL min−1. The separation was not affected by the existence of cations Co2+, Cr3+, Cd2+, Cu2+, Bi3+, Ag+, Fe3+ and Zn2+ in concentrations up to 20 mg L−1. Using an injection volume of 20 μL the obtained detection limits were 0.003 mg L−1, 0.02 mg L−1, 0.01 mg L−1, 0.01 mg L−1, 0.10 mg L−1, 0.01 mg L−1, 0.02 mg L−1, 0.02 mg L−1, 0.003 mg L−1 and 0.1 mg L−1, for Li+, Na+, NH4+, K+, Cs+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Sr2+, Be2+ and Ba2+ respectively. The intra-day repeatability (RSD%, n=5) ranged from 1.1% to 4.8%, and the inter-day (n=5) between 1.8% and 5.4% respectively. The method was applied to the analysis of various bottled and tap water, pharmaceutical preparations and energy drinks commercially available.